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A Literature Review of Homelessness and Aging: Suggestions for a Policy and Practice-Relevant Research Agenda

  • Amanda Grenier (a1) (a2), Rachel Barken (a2) (a3), Tamara Sussman (a4), David Rothwell (a4), Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin (a5) and Jean-Pierre Lavoie (a4)...


Homelessness among older people is a growing concern across Canada and is expected to rise with demographic change (Crane & Warnes, 2010; Culhane, Metraux, Byrne, Stino, & Bainbridge, 2013). Yet current knowledge, policies, and practices on homelessness largely focus on younger populations. Likewise, research and policies on aging typically overlook homelessness. Responses to homelessness among older people must address complex needs related to health, income security, and housing. Based on a comprehensive literature review, this article outlines the existing and needed research with regards to homelessness among older people. We clarify the intersections of aging and homelessness; review the relevant statistics, including estimated prevalence; discuss pathways and variations in experience; and identify gaps in knowledge. We conclude with a call for an inclusive research agenda that will help build policies and practices to reduce and ultimately to eliminate homelessness among older people in Canada.

Le sans-abrisme chez les personnes âgées est une préoccupation croissante à travers le Canada et devrait augmenter avec le changement démographique (Crane & Warnes, 2010; Culhane, Métraux, Byrne, Stino, et Bainbridge, 2013). Pourtant, les connaissances actuelles, les politiques et les pratiques concernant le sans-abrisme ont tendance largement de se concentrer sur des populations plus jeunes. De même, la recherche et les politiques sur le vieillissement en général négligent le sans-abrisme. Les réponses au problème de sans-abrisme chez les personnes âgées doivent répondre aux besoins complexes liés à la santé, la sécurité du revenu et le logement. Basé sur un examen exhaustif de la littérature, cet article présente les domaines de recherche afin d'éclairer les politiques, les stratégies et les services pour les divers groupes des aînés sans-abri. Nous clarifions les intersections du vieillissement et du sans-abrisme; examinons les statistiques pertinentes, y compris la prévalence estimée; discutons des voies et des variations de l'expérience; et determinons les lacunes dans les connaissances. Nous concluons par un appel à un programme de recherche inclusive qui aidera à créér des politiques et des pratiques visant à réduire et finalement à éliminer le sans-abrisme chez les personnes âgées au Canada.

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Corresponding author

La correspondance et les demenades de tire-à-part doivent être adressées à: / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Amanda Grenier, Ph.D. Department of Health, Aging, and Society McMaster University Kenneth Taylor Hall, Room 228 1280 Main Street West Hamilton, ON, L8S 4M4 ( )


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A Literature Review of Homelessness and Aging: Suggestions for a Policy and Practice-Relevant Research Agenda

  • Amanda Grenier (a1) (a2), Rachel Barken (a2) (a3), Tamara Sussman (a4), David Rothwell (a4), Valérie Bourgeois-Guérin (a5) and Jean-Pierre Lavoie (a4)...


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