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Normalisation du Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) chez les Québécois francophones âgés de 65 ans et plus et résidant dans la communauté*

  • Carol Hudon (a1) (a2), Olivier Potvin (a2) (a3) (a4), Marie-Christine Turcotte (a2), Catherine D’Anjou (a2), Micheline Dubé (a5), Michel Préville (a3) (a4) and Joëlle Brassard (a4)...

Abstract

This study was aimed at providing normative data for the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). The norms were built from a sample (n = 2409) of community-dwelling French speaking residents from Québec aged 65 and older. The analyses indicated that socio-demographic variables such as education level, age, and gender of individuals influenced significantly the scores of older adults on the MMSE. More precisely, MMSE scores increased with education level and decreased with age. Moreover, women had significantly higher scores than men. On this basis, distinct tables of normative data were produced for women and men. In each table, the MMSE scores corresponding to percentiles 5, 10, 15 and 50 were identified according to four age categories and three education levels. Overall, the use of the present normative data by clinicians will improve their accuracy in detecting cognitive impairment in older adults from Québec.

Cette étude vise à produire un standard normatif pour le Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Les normes ont été constituées à partir d’un échantillon (n = 2409) de Québécois francophones de 65 ans et plus résidant dans la communauté. Les analyses ont indiqué que les variables sociodémographiques, tel que la scolarité, l’âge et le genre, influencent significativement les cotes des personnes âgées au MMSE. Les cotes au MMSE augmentent avec le niveau de scolarité et diminuent avec l’âge. De plus, les femmes obtiennent des cotes significativement supérieures à celles des hommes. Ainsi, des tableaux de normes séparés ont été développés pour les femmes et les hommes. Dans chaque tableau, les cotes au MMSE correspondant aux percentiles 5, 10, 15 et 50 ont été identifiées selon quatre tranches d’âge et trois niveaux de scolarité. L’utilisation des données normatives de cette étude optimisera la détection des troubles cognitifs dans la population âgée du Québec.

Copyright

Corresponding author

La correspondance concernant cet article doit être adressée à : / Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to: Carol Hudon, PhD Centre de recherche Université Laval Robert-Giffard 2601, ch. de la Canardière F-4500, Québec, Québec, G1J 2G3 Téléphone: +1 418-663-5741 Fax: +1 418-663-5971 (carol.hudon@psy.ulaval.ca)

Footnotes

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Cette étude a été subventionnée par les Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada (IRSC) et par le Fond de recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ). Les auteurs remercient Djamal Berbiche pour ses conseils concernant les analyses statistiques.

Footnotes

References

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Normalisation du Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) chez les Québécois francophones âgés de 65 ans et plus et résidant dans la communauté*

  • Carol Hudon (a1) (a2), Olivier Potvin (a2) (a3) (a4), Marie-Christine Turcotte (a2), Catherine D’Anjou (a2), Micheline Dubé (a5), Michel Préville (a3) (a4) and Joëlle Brassard (a4)...

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