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The Trigonometry of Hyperbolic Tessellations

  • H. S. M. Coxeter (a1)
Abstract

For positive integers p and q with (p − 2)(q − 2) > 4 there is, in the hyperbolic plane, a group [p, q] generated by reflections in the three sides of a triangle ABC with angles π/p, π/q, π/2. Hyperbolic trigonometry shows that the side AC has length ψ, where cosh ψ = c/s, c = cos π/q, s = sin π/p. For a conformal drawing inside the unit circle with centre A, we may take the sides AB and AC to run straight along radiiwhile BC appears as an arc of a circle orthogonal to the unit circle. The circle containing this arc is found to have radius 1/ sinh ψ = s/z, where z = , while its centre is at distance 1/ tanh ψ = c/z from A. In the hyperbolic triangle ABC, the altitude from AB to the right-angled vertex C is ζ, where sinh ζ = z.

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References
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Canadian Mathematical Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0008-4395
  • EISSN: 1496-4287
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-mathematical-bulletin
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