We introduce an essentially new Grothendieck topology, the Weil-étale topology, on schemes over finite fields. The cohomology groups associated with this topology should behave better than the standard étale cohomology groups. In particular there is a very natural definition of an Euler characteristic and a plausible conjecture relating the Euler characteristic of Z to the value of the zeta-function at s = 0. This conjecture is proved in certain cases.
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