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Introduction: Lodgers in rural and urban Europe in the past

  • BEATRICE MORING (a1)
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ENDNOTES

1 L. Davidoff, M. Doolittle, J. Fink and K. Holden, The family story: blood, contract and intimacy 1830–1960 (Harlow, 1999), 178–80.

2 R. Sarti, Europe at home (New Haven, 2002), 142–3; C. Tomalin, Samuel Pepys: the unequalled self (London, 2002), 241–43; A. Plakans, Kinship in the past (Oxford, 1984), 237.

3 P. Laslett and R. Wall, Household and family in past time (Cambridge, 1972), 31–2.

4 E. Engel, Die Lebenskosten belgischer Arbeiterfamilien frueher und jetzt, Ermittelt aus Familienhaushaltsrechnungen vergleichend zusammengestellt (Dresden, 1895).

5 A. L. Bowley and A. Burnett-Hurst, Livelihood and poverty: a study of economic conditions of working-class households in Northampton, Warrington, Stanley and Reading (London, 1915), 63.

6 R. Wall, ‘Transformation of the European family across centuries’, in R. Wall, T. Hareven and J. Ehmer eds., Family history revisited. Comparative perspectives (Newark, DE, 2001), 217–41, here 230–1; Jane Humphries, Childhood and child labour in the British industrial revolution (Cambridge, 2010), 74–6.

7 Gordon, Eleanor and Nair, Gwyneth, ‘Middle-class family structure in nineteenth century Glasgow’, Journal of Family History 24, 4 (1999), 468–77; Gordon, Eleanor and Nair, Gwyneth, ‘The myth of the Victorian patriarchal family’, History of the Family 7, 1 (2002), 125–38.

8 H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler eds., The concise Oxford dictionary of current English, 4th edition (Oxford, 1960).

9 J. Pearsall and B. Trumble eds., Oxford English reference dictionary (Oxford, 1996).

10 M. Mitterauer, Familie und Arbeitsteilung (Vienna, 1992), 198–200.

11 H. C. Johansen, ‘Husmend og inderster i Danmark’, in C. Lundh and K. Sundberg eds., Gatehus och gatehusfolk i Skanska godsmiljoer (Lund, 2002), 29–38, here 30.

12 Ibid., 33.

13 M. Hellspong and O. Löfgren, Land och stad (Lund, 1988), 79.

14 Moring, B., ‘Nordic family patterns and the north-west European household system’, Continuity and Change 18, 1 (2003), 77109, here 94, 104.

15 J. Ehmer, Soziale Traditionen in Zeiten des Wandels (Frankfurt, 1994), 57–9, 63–5; W. H. Hubbard, Familiengeschichte: Materialen zur deutschen Familie seit dem Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts (Munich, 1983), 126–8, 217–18.

16 A. Nordstrom, Om arbetarbostader i Stockholm under 1800-talets senare del (Stockholm, 1948), 13, 20–2.

17 Tuomi, M. L., ‘Tallgrenin villat, teollistuvan Helsingin tyolaiskasarmit’, Narinkka (1990), 642; see also Meek, Jeff, ‘Boarding and lodging practices in early twentieth-century Scotland’, Continuity and Change 31, 1 (2016).

18 Ehmer, Soziale Traditionen, 57–9, 63–5; Hubbard, Familiengeschichte, 126–8, 217–18.

19 W. Seccombe, Weathering the storm (London/New York, 1993), 62–4.

20 Davidoff, Doolittle, Fink and Holden, Family story, 178–80.

21 Holmes, V., ‘Accommodating the lodger: the domestic arrangements of lodgers in working-class dwellings in a Victorian provincial town’, Journal of Victorian Culture 19, 3 (2014), 314–31; M. Anderson, Family structure in nineteenth century Lancashire (Cambridge, 1971), 45–8.

22 Faragó, Tamás, ‘The lodger population in the traditional world of the mid-eighteenth century Carpathian Basin’, Continuity and Change 31, 1 (2016).

23 Meek, ‘Boarding and lodging practices’.

24 Moring, Beatrice, ‘Gender, class and lodging in urban Finland around 1900’, Continuity and Change 31, 1 (2016).

25 M. Anderson, Family structure, 46–7; Davidoff, Doolittle, Fink and Holden, Family story, 178–80.

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Continuity and Change
  • ISSN: 0268-4160
  • EISSN: 1469-218X
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