Most products are developed in generations. This needs to be considered with regard to development methods and processes to make existing knowledge available to achieve increased efficiency. To realize this, the approach of PGE – product generation engineering – is formulated. Product generation engineering is understood as the development of products based on reference products (precursor or competitor products). The subsystems are either adapted to the new product generation by means of carryover or they are newly developed based on shape variation or principle variation. Validation is considered as the central activity in the product engineering process and is a major challenge, especially for complex mechatronic systems. Therefore, it is important to understand validation as an ongoing activity during product development. The pull principle of validation describes the definition and development of validation activities, including models and validation environments based on specific validation objectives. In order to have effectiveness within validation of subsystems, it is necessary to map the interactions with the overall system, namely the super-system. The relevant subsystems can be connected under consideration of functional and energetic aspects by means of virtual, physical or mixed virtual–physical modeling applied by the holistic IPEK-X-in-the-Loop approach within the integrated Product engineering Model (iPeM).
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