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Moderation of parenting by inhibitory control in the prediction of the common and unique variance of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 August 2019

Charlie Rioux
Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada CHU Ste-Justine Research Center, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Julie Murray
CHU Ste-Justine Research Center, Montréal, Quebec, Canada School of Psychoeducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan*
CHU Ste-Justine Research Center, Montréal, Quebec, Canada School of Psychoeducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Jean R. Séguin
CHU Ste-Justine Research Center, Montréal, Quebec, Canada Department of Psychiatry and Addictology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Richard E. Tremblay
Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada CHU Ste-Justine Research Center, Montréal, Quebec, Canada Department of Pediatrics, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada School of Public Health, Physiotherapy & Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Sophie Parent
School of Psychoeducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Author for Correspondence: Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, École de Psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Pavillon Marie-Victorin, 90 av. Vincent-d'Indy, Outremont (QC), H2V 2S9, Canada; E-mail:


This study examined whether the interaction between parenting and inhibitory control predicts hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention in 195 children. Observation data of positive parenting were collected at 4 years, and mother reports of coercive parenting at 5 years, inhibitory control at 6 years, and hyperactivity-impulsivity/inattention at 7 years were obtained. The common and unique variance of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention symptoms were examined as outcomes using a bifactor model. Results indicated that positive parenting practices predicted lower levels of hyperactivity-impulsivity/inattention behaviors at age 7 only when children's inhibitory control was high. These results support the vantage sensitivity model, which posits that some individuals show an increased sensitivity to positive experiences exclusively, and support the appropriateness of a targeted prevention approach in early childhood.

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Joint first authors


Charlie Rioux is now at Institute for Measurement, Methodology, Analysis and Policy, Department of Educational Psychology and Leadership, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.


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