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Pre-pandemic psychological and behavioral predictors of responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in nine countries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 December 2021

Jennifer E. Lansford*
Affiliation:
Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Ann T. Skinner
Affiliation:
Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Jennifer Godwin
Affiliation:
Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Lei Chang
Affiliation:
University of Macau, Macau, China
Kirby Deater-Deckard
Affiliation:
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Laura Di Giunta
Affiliation:
Università di Roma “La Sapienza,”Rome, Italy
Kenneth A. Dodge
Affiliation:
Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Sevtap Gurdal
Affiliation:
University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
Qin Liu
Affiliation:
Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Qian Long
Affiliation:
Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, China
Paul Oburu
Affiliation:
Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya
Concetta Pastorelli
Affiliation:
Università di Roma “La Sapienza,”Rome, Italy
Emma Sorbring
Affiliation:
University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
Laurence Steinberg
Affiliation:
Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA, and King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Sombat Tapanya
Affiliation:
Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado
Affiliation:
Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia
Saengduean Yotanyamaneewong
Affiliation:
Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Liane Peña Alampay
Affiliation:
Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines
Suha M. Al-Hassan
Affiliation:
Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
Dario Bacchini
Affiliation:
University of Naples “Federico II,” Naples, Italy
Marc H. Bornstein
Affiliation:
Eunice Kennedy ShriverNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA, UNICEF, New York, USA, and Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK
*
Corresponding author: Jennifer E. Lansford, email: lansford@duke.edu

Abstract

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents (N = 1,330; Mages = 15 and 16; 50% female), mothers, and fathers from nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, United States) reported on adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems, adolescents completed a lab-based task to assess tendency for risk-taking, and adolescents reported on their well-being. During the pandemic, participants (Mage = 20) reported on changes in their internalizing, externalizing, and substance use compared to before the pandemic. Across countries, adolescents’ internalizing problems pre-pandemic predicted increased internalizing during the pandemic, and poorer well-being pre-pandemic predicted increased externalizing and substance use during the pandemic. Other relations varied across countries, and some were moderated by confidence in the government’s handling of the pandemic, gender, and parents’ education.

Type
Regular Articles
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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