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Pubertal timing moderates the same-day coupling between family hassles and negative affect in girls and boys

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 July 2022

Jamie M. Gajos*
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
Michael A. Russell
Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Candice L. Odgers
Department of Psychological Science, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
Rick H. Hoyle
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
William E. Copeland
Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
Corresponding author: Jamie M. Gajos, email:


This study examined the association between pubertal timing, daily affect, conduct problems, and the exposure to hassles across family, peer, and school contexts. Adolescents (Mage = 12.27; 49.7% female; 62.6% White) completed ecological momentary assessments across 14 consecutive days (N = 388). Earlier maturing girls reported lower daily averages of positive affect compared to their same-sex, same-age peers. We did not find evidence for a relationship between pubertal timing and daily negative affect or conduct problems in girls, nor for daily negative and positive affect or conduct problems in boys. However, pubertal timing did moderate the day-level association between average negative affect and family hassles for both girls and boys. When experiencing more family hassles, earlier maturing girls reported greater negative affect relative to later maturing girls who experienced family hassles. In contrast, later maturing boys, relative to earlier maturing boys, reported higher levels of negative affect in the context of family hassles.

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© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

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