Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 98
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cicchetti, Dante and Toth, Sheree L. 2016. Developmental Psychopathology.


    Cohen, Phyllis 2016. Dyadic Treatment, Reflective Functioning, and Videofeedback: Fostering Attachment with Families in the Foster Care System. Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, p. 104.


    Deb, Sibnath Ray, Mrinalkanti Bhattacharyya, Banhishikha and Sun, Jiandong 2016. Violence against the adolescents of Kolkata: A study in relation to the socio-economic background and mental health. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 19, p. 4.


    Tessier, V. P. Normandin, L. Ensink, K. and Fonagy, P. 2016. Fact or fiction? A longitudinal study of play and the development of reflective functioning. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, Vol. 80, Issue. 1, p. 60.


    Wamser-Nanney, Rachel 2016. Examining the Complex Trauma Definition Using Children’s Self-Reports. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma,


    Cicchetti, Dante and Toth, Sheree L. 2015. Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science.


    Cicchetti, Dante and Valentino, Kristin 2015. Developmental Psychopathology.


    Harter, Susan 2015. Developmental Psychopathology.


    Ialongo, Nicholas S. Rogosch, Fred A. Cicchetti, Dante Toth, Sheree L. Buckley, Jacquelyn Petras, Hanno and Neiderhiser, Jenae 2015. Developmental Psychopathology.


    Lupien, Sonia J. Ouellet-Morin, Isabelle Hupbach, Almut Tu, Mai T. Buss, Claudia Walker, Dominique Pruessner, Jens and Mcewen, Bruce S. 2015. Developmental Psychopathology.


    Maggiora Vergano, Carola Lauriola, Marco and Speranza, Anna M. 2015. The Complex Trauma Questionnaire (ComplexTQ): development and preliminary psychometric properties of an instrument for measuring early relational trauma. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6,


    Merritt, Darcey H. and Klein, Sacha 2015. Do early care and education services improve language development for maltreated children? Evidence from a national child welfare sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 39, p. 185.


    Rosso, Anna Maria Viterbori, Paola and Scopesi, Alda M. 2015. Are maternal reflective functioning and attachment security associated with preadolescent mentalization?. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6,


    Singh, Ajeet Bhagat Bousman, Chad A. Ng, Chee Hong Byron, Keith and Berk, Michael 2015. Effects of Persisting Emotional Impact from Child Abuse and Norepinephrine Transporter Genetic Variation on Antidepressant Efficacy in Major Depression: A Pilot Study. Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience, Vol. 13, Issue. 1, p. 53.


    Zaccagnino, Maria Cussino, Martina Preziosa, Alessandra Veglia, Fabio and Carassa, Antonella 2015. Attachment Representation in Institutionalized Children: A Preliminary Study Using the Child Attachment Interview. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, Vol. 22, Issue. 2, p. 165.


    Hutcheon, Emily and Lashewicz, Bonnie 2014. Theorizing resilience: critiquing and unbounding a marginalizing concept. Disability & Society, Vol. 29, Issue. 9, p. 1383.


    Leuzinger-Bohleber, Marianne 2014. Social Emotional Risk Factors. Child Indicators Research, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 715.


    Young, Joanna Cahall and Widom, Cathy Spatz 2014. Long-term effects of child abuse and neglect on emotion processing in adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 38, Issue. 8, p. 1369.


    Barnett, Douglas Heinze, Hillary J. and Arble, Eamonn 2013. Risk, Resilience, and the Rorschach: A Longitudinal Study of Children Who Experienced Sexual Abuse. Journal of Personality Assessment, Vol. 95, Issue. 6, p. 600.


    Cicchetti, Dante 2013. Annual Research Review: Resilient functioning in maltreated children - past, present, and future perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 54, Issue. 4, p. 402.


    ×

Child maltreatment, attachment, and the self system: Emergence of an internal state lexicon in toddlers at high social risk

  • Marjorie Beeghly (a1) and Dante Cicchetti (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095457940000585X
  • Published online: 31 October 2008
Abstract
Abstract

The ability to talk about the internal states (ISs) and feelings of self and other is an age-appropriate development of late toddlerhood hypothesized to reflect toddlers' emergent self–other understanding and to be fundamental to the regulation of social interaction. This study examined the effects of child maltreatment on the emergence of low-socioeconomic status 30-month-old toddlers' IS lexicons. Children's lexicons were derived both from maternal interviews and from observations of children's spontaneous IS utterances in four laboratory contexts. Results from both data sources indicated that maltreated toddlers produced significantly fewer IS words, fewer IS word types, and proportionately fewer IS words denoting physiological states and negative affect than nonmaltreated toddlers. In addition, maltreated toddlers were more context bound in IS language use and more restricted in their attributions of internal states to self and other. Gender differences were also observed. Individual differences in children's IS language production were significantly related to general linguistic maturity in both groups but to toddlers' conversational skills only in the comparison group. In addition, a cumulative risk model describing the effects of the child's attachment relationship with the caregiver on early IS language was tested. Toddlers most severely at risk (maltreated/insecure) had the most compromised IS language. Thus, secure attachment may serve as a protective mechanism against self-dysfunction in maltreated toddlers.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Marjorie Beeghly, Ph.D., Child Development Unit, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K. C. Barrett , & J. J. Campos (1987). Perspectives on emotional development II: A functionalist approach to emotions. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development (pp. 555578). New York: Wiley.

R. Bradley , & B. Caldwell (1984). Children: A study of the relationship between home environment and cognitive development during the first 5 years. In A. W. Gottfried (Ed.), Home environment and early cognitive development: Longitudinal research (pp. 556). Orlando: Academic Press.

R. Bradley , B. Caldwell , S. Rock , K. Barnard , C. Gray , M. Hammond , S. Mitchell , L. Siegel , C. Ramey , A. Gottfried , & D. Johnson (1989). Home environment and cognitive development in the first 3 years of life: A collaborative study involving six sites and three ethnic groups in North America. Developmental Psychology, 25(2), 217235.

L. Bloom (1991). Language development: From two to three. New York: Cambridge University Press.

D. Bousha , & C. Twentyman (1984). Mother–child interactional style in abuse, neglect, and control groups: Naturalistic observations in the home. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 106114.

I. Bretherton (1987). New perspectives on attachment relations: Security, communication, and internal stale working models. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development (pp. 10591100). New York: Wiley.

J. Escamilla-Mondanaro , (1977). Pregnancy, children and addiction. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 9(1), 5968.

U. Bronfenbrenner (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

L. P. Finnegan , S. M. Oehlberg , D. O. Regan , & M. E. Rudrauff (1981). Evaluation-of parenting, depression and violence profiles in methadone maintained women. Child Abuse and Neglect, 5, 267273.

C. Heinicke , L. Beckwith , & A. Thompson (1988). Early intervention in the family system: A frame-work and review. Infant Mental Health Journal, 9(2), 111141.

J. Cassidy , & R. Marvin , with the MacArthur Working Group on Attachment Beyond Infancy. (1992). Attachment organization in preschool children: Procedure and coding manual. Unpublished manuscript, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.

R. Parke , (1978). Children's home environments: Social and cognitive effects. In I. Altman & J. Wohl-Will (Eds.), Children and the environment (pp. 3381). New York: Plenum.

D. Cicchetti , F. A. Rogosch , M. Lynch , & K. D. Holt (1993). Resilence in maltreated children: Processes leading to adaptive outcome. Development and Psychopathology, 5(4), 629647.

D. Regan , S. M. Ehrlich , & L. P. Finnegan (1987). Infants of drug addicts: At risk for child abuse, neglect, and placement in foster care. Neurotoxicologyand Teratology, 9, 315319.

P. M. Crittenden (1990). Internal representational models of attachment relationships. Infant Mental Health Journal, 11, 259277.

P. M. Crittenden , & M. Ainsworth (1989). Attachment and child abuse. In D. Cicchetti & V. Carlson (Eds.), Child maltreatment: Theory and research on the causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect (pp. 432463). New York: Cambridge University Press.

P. M. Crittenden , & D. L. DiLalla (1988). Compulsive compliance: The development of an inhibitory coping strategy in infancy. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 16, 585599.

J. Dunn , I. Bretherton , & P. Munn (1987). Conversations about feeling states between mothers and their young children. Developmental Psychology, 23, 132139.

D. Slaughter (1983). Early intervention and its effects on maternal and child development. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development 48 (4, Serial No. 202).

L. A. Sroufe (1979). The coherence of individual development: Early care, attachment, and subsequent developmental issues. American Psychologist, 34, 834841.

R. Fivush (1989). Exploring sex differences in the emotional content of mother–child conversations about the past. Sex Roles, 20, 675691.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×