Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 58
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Sekol, Ivana 2016. Bullying in Adolescent Residential Care: The Influence of the Physical and Social Residential Care Environment. Child & Youth Care Forum, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 409.

    Will, Geert-Jan Crone, Eveline A. van Lier, Pol A.C. and Güroğlu, Berna 2016. Neural correlates of retaliatory and prosocial reactions to social exclusion: Associations with chronic peer rejection. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 19, p. 288.

    Buil, J. Marieke Koot, Hans M. Olthof, Tjeert Nelson, Kelly A. and van Lier, Pol A. C. 2015. DRD4 Genotype and the Developmental Link of Peer Social Preference with Conduct Problems and Prosocial Behavior Across Ages 9–12 Years. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 44, Issue. 7, p. 1360.

    Issmer, Christian and Wagner, Ulrich 2015. Perceived marginalization and aggression: A longitudinal study with low-educated adolescents. British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 54, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Sakyi, Kwame S. Surkan, Pamela J. Fombonne, Eric Chollet, Aude and Melchior, Maria 2015. Childhood friendships and psychological difficulties in young adulthood: an 18-year follow-up study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 24, Issue. 7, p. 815.

    Telzer, Eva H. Fuligni, Andrew J. Lieberman, Matthew D. Miernicki, Michelle E. and Galván, Adriana 2015. The quality of adolescents’ peer relationships modulates neural sensitivity to risk taking. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 10, Issue. 3, p. 389.

    Fontaine, Reid Griffith Fida, Roberta Paciello, Marinella Tisak, Marie S. and Caprara, Gian Vittorio 2014. The mediating role of moral disengagement in the developmental course from peer rejection in adolescence to crime in early adulthood. Psychology, Crime & Law, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Samek, Diana R and Hicks, Brian M 2014. Externalizing disorders and environmental risk: mechanisms of gene–environment interplay and strategies for intervention. Clinical Practice, Vol. 11, Issue. 5, p. 537.

    2014. Gene–Environment Interplay Between Number of Friends and Prosocial Leadership Behavior in Children. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 110.

    Van Ryzin, Mark J. and Dishion, Thomas J. 2013. From antisocial behavior to violence: a model for the amplifying role of coercive joining in adolescent friendships. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 54, Issue. 6, p. 661.

    Wettstein, Alexander Brendgen, Mara Vitaro, Frank Guimond, Fanny‐Alexandra Forget‐Dubois, Nadine Cantin, Stéphane Dionne, Ginette and Boivin, Michel 2013. The additive and interactive roles of aggression, prosocial behavior, and social preference in predicting resource control in young children. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, Vol. 5, Issue. 3, p. 179.

    Anders, Samantha L. Shallcross, Sandra L. and Frazier, Patricia A. 2012. Beyond Criterion A1: The Effects of Relational and Non-Relational Traumatic Events. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, Vol. 13, Issue. 2, p. 134.

    Cappella, Elise and Neal, Jennifer Watling 2012. A Classmate at Your Side: Teacher Practices, Peer Victimization, and Network Connections in Urban Schools. School Mental Health, Vol. 4, Issue. 2, p. 81.

    Engle, Jennifer M. McElwain, Nancy L. and Lasky, Nicole 2011. Presence and quality of kindergarten children's friendships: concurrent and longitudinal associations with child adjustment in the early school years. Infant and Child Development, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 365.

    Leflot, Geertje van Lier, Pol A. C. Verschueren, Karine Onghena, Patrick and Colpin, Hilde 2011. Transactional Associations Among Teacher Support, Peer Social Preference, and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 87.

    Moore, Mark E. Konrad, Alison M. Yang, Yang Ng, Eddy S.W. and Doherty, Alison J. 2011. The vocational well-being of workers with childhood onset of disability: Life satisfaction and perceived workplace discrimination. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 79, Issue. 3, p. 681.

    Pharo, Henry Gross, Julien Richardson, Rick and Hayne, Harlene 2011. Age-related changes in the effect of ostracism. Social Influence, Vol. 6, Issue. 1, p. 22.

    Salvas, Marie-Claude Vitaro, Frank Brendgen, Mara Lacourse, Éric Boivin, Michel and Tremblay, Richard E. 2011. Interplay between Friends' Aggression and Friendship Quality in the Development of Child Aggression during the Early School Years. Social Development, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 645.

    Sturaro, Cristina van Lier, Pol A. C. Cuijpers, Pim and Koot, Hans M. 2011. The Role of Peer Relationships in the Development of Early School-Age Externalizing Problems. Child Development, Vol. 82, Issue. 3, p. 758.

    van Lier, Pol A. C. Huizink, Anja and Vuijk, Patricia 2011. The Role of Friends’ Disruptive Behavior in the Development of Children’s Tobacco Experimentation: Results from a Preventive Intervention Study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 39, Issue. 1, p. 45.


Developmental patterns of childhood peer relations as predictors of externalizing behavior problems

  • Janis B. Kupersmidt (a1), Margaret Burchinal (a1) and Charlotte J. Patterson (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2009

Developmental patterns of childhood peer relations were examined in the prediction of externalizing behavior problems in a 4-year multiple cohort longitudinal study. The participants consisted of 880 third- (M = 9.3 years) through seventh- (M = 13.4 years) grade students. Approximately half of the participants were female, one third were Black, and one third were from low-income homes. Developmental patterns of six indices of peer relations (including group acceptance, group rejection, having a reciprocated best friend, social support from best friend, conflict with best friend, and the aggressiveness of the best friend) were examined as predictors of aggression and delinquency using logistic regression analyses. Results suggest that both group and dyadic peer relations problems are risk factors for aggression and delinquency. Support was found for the cumulative risk model in the prediction of externalizing outcomes from multiple social risk factors that were additively associated with each negative outcome.

Corresponding author
Janis B. Kupersmidt, Department of Psychology, CB #3270, Davie Hall, UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, NC 27599.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. L. Armacost , (1989). Perceptions of stressors by high school students. Journal of Adolescent Research, 4, 443461.

T. J. Berndt (1992). Friendship and friends' influence in adolescence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 1, 156159.

T. J. Berndt , A. E. Laychak , & K. Park (1990). Friends' influence on adolescents' academic achievement motivation: An experimental study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 664670.

R. B. Cairns , B. D. Cairns , H. J. Neckerman , S. D. Gest , & J. L. Gariepy (1988). Social networks and aggressive behavior: Peer support or peer rejection? Developmental Psychology, 24, 815823.

J. D. Coie , K. A. Dodge , & H. Coppotelli (1982). Dimensions and types of social status: A cross-age perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18, 557570.

J. D. Coie , & J. B. Kupersmidt (1983). A behavioral analysis of emerging social status in boys' groups. Child Development, 54, 14001416.

J. D. Coie , J. E. Lochman , R. Terry , & C. Hyman (1992). Predicting early adolescent disorder from childhood aggression and peer rejection. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 783792.

D. R. Cressey (1964). Delinquency, crime, and differential association. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

M. E. DeRosier , J. B. Kupersmidt , & C. J. Patterson (1994). Children's academic and behavioral adjustment as a function of the chronicity and proximity of peer rejection. Child Development, 65, 17991813.

T. J. Dishion , & R. Loeber (1985). Adolescent marijuana and alcohol use: The role of parents and peers revisited. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 11, 1125.

K. A. Dodge , J. D. Coie , & N. P. Brakke (1982). Behavior patterns of socially rejected and neglected preadolescents: The roles of social approach and aggression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 10, 389410.

P. L. East , & K. S. Rook (1992). Compensatory patterns of support among children's peer relationships: A test using school friends, nonschool friends, and siblings. Developmental Psychology, 28, 163172.

R. F. Feltham , A. B. Doyle , A. E. Schwartzman , L. A. Serbin & J. E. Ledingham (1985). Friendship in normal and socially deviant children. Journal of Early Adolescence, 5, 371382.

W. Furman , & D. Buhrmester (1985). Children's perceptions of the personal relationships in their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 21, 10161024.

D. B. Kandel (1978a). Homophily, selection, and socialization in adolescent friendships. American Journal of Sociology, 84, 421436.

D. B. Kandel (1978b). Similarity in real-life adolescent friendship pairs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 306312.

J. B. Kupersmidt , & J. D. Coie (1990). Preadolescent peer status, aggression, and school adjustment as predictors of externalizing problems in adolescence. Child Development, 61, 13501362.

J. B. Kupersmidt , & C. J. Patterson (1991). Childhood peer rejection, aggression, withdrawal, and perceived competence as predictors of self-reported behavior problems in preadolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 427449.

R. Loeber (1990). Development and risk factors of juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency. Clinical Psychology Review, 10, 141.

A. F. Newcomb , W. M. Bukowski , & L. Pattee (1993). Children's peer relations: A meta-analytic review of popular, rejected, neglected, controversial, and average sociometric status. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 99128.

S. F. O'Brien , & K. L. Bierman (1988). Conceptions and perceived influence of peer groups: Interviews with preadolescents and adolescents. Child Development, 59, 13601365.

T. H. Ollendick , M. D. Weist , M. C. Borden , & R. W. Greene (1992). Sociometric status and academic, behavioral, and psychological adjustment: A five-year longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 8087.

J. G. Parker , & S. R. Asher (1987). Peer relations and later personal adjustment: Are low-accepted children at risk? Psychological Bulletin, 102, 357389.

G. R. Patterson , & T. J. Dishion (1985). Contributions of families and peers to delinquency. Criminology, 23, 6377.

K. S. Rook (1984). The negative side of social interaction: Impact on psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 10971108.

M. Rutter (1987). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 316331.

H. Yoshikawa (1994). Prevention as cumulative protection: Effects of early family support and education on chronic delinquency and its risks. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 2854.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *