This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
C. Anderson , S. Hinshaw , & C. Simmel (1994). Mother–child interactions in ADHD and comparison boys: Relationships with overt and covert externalising behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 22, 247–265.
E. Arnold , S. O'Leary , & G. Edwards (1997). Father involvement and self-reported parenting of children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 337–342.
B. Baker , T. Heller , & B. Henker (2000). Expressed emotion, parenting stress, and adjustment in mothers of young children with behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 907–915.
R. Barkley (1989). Hyperactive girls and boys: Stimulant drug effects on mother–child interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 379–390.
R. Barkley , J. Karlsson , S. Pollard , & J. Murphy (1985). Developmental changes in the mother–child interactions of hyperactive boys: Effects of two dose levels of Ritalin. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 26, 705–715.
T. Berg-Nielsen , & A. Vikan (2002). Parenting related to child and parental psychopathology: A descriptive review of the literature. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 7, 529–552.
J. Biederman , S. Faraone , & M. Monuteaux (2002). Impact of exposure to parental attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder on clinical features and dysfunction in the offspring. Psychological Medicine, 32, 817–827.
J. Biederman , S. V. Faraone , K. Keenan , J. Benjamin , B. Krifcher , C. Moore , (1992). Further evidence for family–genetic risk factors in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Patterns of comorbidity in probands and relatives in psychiatrically and pediatrically referred samples. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 728–738.
D. Buhrmester , L. Comparo , A. Christensen , L. S. Gonzalez , & S. P. Hinshaw (1992). Mothers and fathers interacting in dyads and triads with normal and hyperactive sons. Developmental Psychology, 28, 500–509.
J. Byrne , N. DeWolfe , & H. Bawden (1998). Assessment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in preschoolers. Child Neuropsychology, 4, 49–66.
S. Campbell , A. Breaux , J. Ewing , E. Szumowski , & E. Pierce (1986). Parent identified problem preschoolers: Mother–child interaction during play at intake and 1 year follow up. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14, 425–440.
A. M. Connell , & S. H. Goodman (2002). The association between psychopathology in fathers versus mothers and children's internalizing and externalizing behavior problems: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 746–773.
C. Cunningham , & M. Boyle (2002). Preschoolers at risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder: Family, parenting, and behavioural correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 555–569.
D. Daley , E. Sonuga-Barke , & M. Thompson (2003). Assessing expressed emotion in mothers of preschool AD/HD children: Psychometric properties of a modified speech sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 53–67.
M. Davidov , & J. Grusec (2006). Untangling the links of parental responsiveness to distress and warmth to child outcomes. Child Development, 77, 44–58.
S. A. Denham , E. Workman , P. Cole , C. Weissbrod , K. Kendziora , & C. Zahn-Waxler (2000). Prediction of externalizing behavior problems from early to middle childhood: The role of parental socialization and emotion expression. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 23–45.
K. Downey , F. Stelson , O Pomerleau , & B. Giordani (1997). Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Psychological test profiles in a clinical population. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 185, 32–38.
G. DuPaul , K. McGoey , T. Eckert , & J. Vanbrakle (2001). Preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Impairments in behavioral, social, and school functioning. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 508–515.
J. Eddy , T. Dishion , & M. Stoolmiller (1998). The analysis of intervention change in children and families: Methodological and conceptual issues embedded in intervention studies. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26, 53–71.
S. Evans , G. Vallano , & W. Pelham (1994). Treatment of parenting behavior with a psychostimulant: A case study of an adult with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 4, 63–69.
J. Fantuzzo , S. Grim , M. Mordell , P. McDermott , L. Miller , & K. Coolahan (2001). A multivariate analysis of the revised Conners' Teacher Rating Scale with low-income, urban preschool children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29, 141–152.
S. Faraone (2000). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: Implications for theories of diagnosis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 33–36.
S. Faraone , J. Biederman , J. Feighner , & M. Monuteaux (2000). Assessing symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adults: Which is more valid? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 830–842.
D. Fergusson , M. Lynskey , & L. Horwood (1993). The effect of maternal depression on maternal ratings of child behaviour. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 245–271.
N. L. Galambos , E. T. Barker , & D. M. Almeida (2003). Parents do matter: Trajectories of change in externalizing and internalizing problems in early adolescence. Child Development, 74, 578–594.
F. Gardner , S. Ward , J. Burton , & C. Wilson (2003). The role of mother–child play in the early development of children's conduct problems: A longitudinal observational study. Social Development, 12, 362–378.
F. E. M. Gardner , E. Sonuga-Barke , & K. Sayal (1999). Parents anticipating misbehaviour: An observational study of strategies parents use to prevent conflict with behaviour problem children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 1185–1196.
R. Goodman (1997). The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 581–586.
E. Harvey , J. Danforth , E. McKee , W. Ulaszek , & J. Friedman (2003). Parenting of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD): The role of parental AD/HD symptomatology. Journal of Attention Disorders, 7, 31–41.
N. Haslam , B. Williams , M. Prior , R. Haslam , B. Graetz , & M. Sawyer (2006). The latent structure of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A taxometric analysis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 639–647.
E. D. Hibbs , S. D. Hamburger , M. Lenane , J. L. Rapoport , M. J. P. Kruesi , C. S. Keysor , (1991). Determinants of expressed emotion in families of disturbed and normal children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 757–770.
D. R. Hirshfield , J. Biederman , L. Brody , S. V. Faraone , & J. F. Rosenbaum (1997). Associations between expressed emotion and child behavioural inhibition and psychopathology: A pilot study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 205–212.
C. Johnston , & E. Mash (2001). Families of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Review and recommendations for future research. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 4, 183–207.
E. N. Jouriles , C. M. Murphy , & K. D. O'Leary (1989). Effects of maternal mood on mother–son interaction patterns. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 17, 513–525.
B. Kadesjo , & C. Gillberg (2001). The comorbidity in the general population of Swedish school-age children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 487–492.
R. Kessler , L. Adler , R. Barkley , J. Biederman , K. Conners , O. Demler , (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: Results from the national comorbidity survey replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 716–723.
E. Kringlen , S. Torgesen , & V. Cramer (2001). A Norwegian psychiatric epidemiological study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 1091–1098.
R. H. Lerner (1984). On the nature of human plasticity. New York: Cambridge University Press.
F. Levy , D. Hay , M. McStephen , C. Wood , & I. Waldman (1997). Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder: A category or a continuum? Genetic analysis of a large-scale twin study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 737–744.
M. C. Lovejoy , P. A. Graczyk , E. O'Hare , & G. Neuman (2000). Maternal depression and parenting behaviour: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 561–592.
E. Maccoby (2000). Parenting and its effects on children: On reading and misreading behaviour genetics. Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 1–27.
E. Mash , & C. Johnston (1983). Sibling interactions of hyperactive and normal children and their relationship to reports of maternal stress and self-esteem. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 12, 91–99.
C. A. McCarty , & J. R. Weisz (2002). Correlates of expressed emotion in mothers of clinically-referred youth: An examination of the five minutes speech sample. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 759–768.
J. J. McGough , S. L. Smalley , J. T. McCracken , M. Yang , M. Del'Homme , D. E. Lynn , (2005). Psychiatric comorbidity in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Findings from multiplex families. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1621–1627.
K. Murphy , & R. Barkley (1996). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: Comorbidities and adaptive impairments. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 37, 393–401.
K. Murphy , R. Barkley , & T. Bush (2002). Young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Subtype differences in comorbidity, education and clinical history. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, 190, 147–157.
C. Murray , & C. Johnston (2006). Parenting in mothers with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 52–61.
B. P. O'Connor , & T. Dvorak (2001). Conditional associations between parental behavior and adolescent problems: A search for personality–environment interactions. Journal of Research in Personality, 35, 1–26.
T. Peris , & B. Baker (2000). Applications of the expressed emotion construct to young children with externalising behaviour: Stability and prediction over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 457–482.
T. Peris , & S. Hinshaw (2003). Family dynamics and preadolescent girls with ADHD: The relationship between expressed emotion, ADHD symptomatology, and comorbid disruptive behaviour. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 1177–1190.
G. S. Pettit , J. E. Bates , & K. A. Dodge (1997). Supportive parenting, ecological context, and children's adjustment: A seven-year longitudinal study. Child Development, 68, 908–923.
G. S. Pettit , R. D. Laird , K. A. Dodge , J. E. Bates , & M. M. Criss (2001). Antecedents and behavior-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescence. Child Development, 72, 583–598.
V. Phares , & B. Compas (1992). The role of fathers in child and adolescent psychopathology: Make room for daddy. Psychological Bulletin, 111, 387–412.
C. L. Podolski , & J. T. Nigg (2001). Parent stress and coping in relation to child ADHD severity and associated child disruptive behaviour problems. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30, 503–513.
P. Rasmussen , & C. Gillberg (2000). Natural outcome of ADHD with developmental coordination disorder at age 22 years: A controlled, longitudinal, community-based study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1424–1431.
R. Schachar , & R. Wachsmuth (1991). Family dysfunction and psychosocial adversity: Comparison of attention deficit disorder, conduct disorder, normal and clinical controls. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 23, 332–348.
C. E. Schwartz , D. J. Dorer , W. J. Beardslee , & P. W. Lavori (1990). Maternal expressed emotion and parental affective disorder. Risk for childhood depressive disorder, substance abuse, or conduct disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 24, 231–250.
K. Secnik , A. Swenson , & M. Lange (2005). Comorbidities and costs of adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pharmacoeconomics, 23, 93–102.
L. J. Seidman , J. Biederman , W. Weber , M. Hatch , & S. V. Faraone (1998). Neuropsychological function in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 44, 260–268.
D. S. Shaw , E. B. Owens , J. Giovannelli , & E. B. Winslow (2001). Infant and toddler pathways leading to early externalizing disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 36–43.
K. Shelton , P. Frick , & J. Wootton (1996). Assessment of parenting practices in families of elementary school-age children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 317–239.
T. L. Shelton , R. A. Barkley , C. Crosswait , M. Moorehouse , K. Fletcher , S. Barrett (1998). Psychiatric and psychological morbidity as a function of adaptive disability in preschool children with aggressive and hyperactive impulsive inattentive behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26, 475–494.
L. Smalley , J. McGough , M. Del'Homme , J. Newdelman , E. Gordon , T. Kim , (2000). Familial clustering of symptoms and disruptive behaviors in multiplex families with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1135–114.
E. Sonuga-Barke , D. Daley , & M. Thompson (2002). Does maternal ADHD reduce the effectiveness of parent training for pre-school children's ADHD? Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 696–702.
E. Sonuga-Barke , D. Daley , M. Thompson , C. Laver-Bradbury , & A. Weeks (2001). Parent-based therapies for preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A randomized, controlled trial with a community sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1–7.
E. Sonuga-Barke , M. Thompson , D. Daley , & C. Laver-Bradbury (2004). Parent training for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Is it as effective when delivered as routine rather than as specialist care?. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 1335–1342.
E. Sonuga-Barke , M. Thompson , J. Stevenson , & D. Viney (1997). Patterns of behaviour problems among pre-school children. Psychological Medicine, 27, 909–918.
E. Stormshak , K. Bierman , R. Mahonand , & L. Lengua (2000). Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. Journal of Clinical and Child Psychology, 29, 17–29.
E. Taylor (1999). Developmental neuropsychopathology of attention deficit and impulsiveness. Developmental Psychopathology, 11, 607–628.
E. Taylor , O. Chadwick , E. Heptinstall , & M. Danckaerts (1996). Hyperactivity and conduct problems as risk factors for adolescence development. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1312–1226.
C. Weinstein , R. Apfel , & S. Weinstein (1998). Description of mothers with ADHD with children with ADHD. Psychiatry, 61, 12–19.
M. Weiss (2000). ADHD in parents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1059–1061.
T. Wilens , J. Biederman , S. Brown , S. Tanguay , M. Monuteaux , T. Blake , (2002). Psychiatric comorbidity and functioning in clinically referred preschool children and school-age youths with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 262–268.
T. Wilens , S. Faraone , & J. Biederman (2004). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 292, 619–623.
L. Woodward , E. Taylor , & L. Dowdney (1998). The parenting and family functioning of children with hyperactivity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 161–169.
Q. Zhou , N. Eisenberg , S. Losoya , R. Fabes , M. Reiser , I. Guthrie , (2002). The relations of parental warmth and positive expressiveness to children's empathy-related responding and social functioning: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 73, 893–915.