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Emerging self-regulation in toddlers born preterm or low birth weight: Differential susceptibility to parenting?

  • Julie Poehlmann (a1), A. J. M. Schwichtenberg (a2), Rebecca J. Shlafer (a3), Emily Hahn (a1), Jon-Paul Bianchi (a1) and Rachael Warner (a1)...


The differential susceptibility to parenting model was examined in relation to toddler self-regulation in a prospective longitudinal study of infants born preterm or low birth weight. We followed 153 mother–infant dyads across five time points between the infant's Neonatal Intensive Care Unit stay and 24 months postterm. Assessments of infant temperament, quality of early parenting interactions, contextual variables, and toddler effortful control and behavior problems were conducted. Results supported differential susceptibility and dual risk models in addition to documenting main effects of early parenting on children's emerging self-regulation. Our data suggested that preterm or low birth weight infants who were prone to distress or rated by mothers as more difficult were particularly susceptible to the effects of early negative parenting.


Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Julie Poehlmann, University of Wisconsin, 1500 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705; E-mail:


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Emerging self-regulation in toddlers born preterm or low birth weight: Differential susceptibility to parenting?

  • Julie Poehlmann (a1), A. J. M. Schwichtenberg (a2), Rebecca J. Shlafer (a3), Emily Hahn (a1), Jon-Paul Bianchi (a1) and Rachael Warner (a1)...


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