Ainsworth M. D. S. (1967). Infancy in Uganda: Infant care and the growth of love. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Baron-Cohen S. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Bartolome J. V., Bartolome M. B., Lorber B. A., Dileo S. J., & Schanberg S. M. (1991). Effects of central administration of beta-endorphin on brain and liver DNA synthesis in preweanling rats. Neuroscience, 40, 289–294.
Bateson P., & Hinde R. A. (1987). Developmental changes in sensitivity to experience. In Bornstein M. H. (Ed.), Sensitive periods in development: Interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 19–34). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Beato M., Arnemann J., Chalepakis G., Slater E., & Wilman T. (1987). Gene regulation by steroid hormones. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, 27, 9–14.
Beebe B., & Lachmann F. M. (1988a). Mother-infant mutual influence and precursors of psychic structure. In Goldberg A. (Ed.), Progress in self psychology. Vol. 3 (pp. 3–25). Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
Beebe B., & Lachmann F. M. (1988b). The contribution of mother-infant mutual influence to the origins of self- and object relationships. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 5, 305–337.
Benes F. M. (1994). Developmental changes in stress adaptation in relation to psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 723–739.
Berntson G. G., Cacioppo J. T., & Quigley K. S. (1991). Autonomic determinism: The modes of autonomic control, the doctrine of autonomic space, and the laws of autonomic constraint. Psychological Review, 98, 459–487.
Blatt S. J., Quinlan D. M., & Chevron E. (1990). Empirical investigations of a psychoanalytic theory of depression. In Masling J. (Ed.), Empirical studies of psychoanalytic theories. Vol. 3 (pp. 89–147). Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
Bowlby J. (1969). Attachment and loss, Vol. I: Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby J. (1988). A secure base (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
Bozarth M. A., & Wise R. A. (1981). Intracranial self-administration of morphine into the ventral tegmental area of rats. Life Sciences, 28, 551–555.
Brent L., & Resch R. C. (1987). A paradigm of infant-mother reciprocity: A reexamination of “emotional refueling.” Psychoanalytic Psychology, 4, 15–31.
Bretherton I. (1985). Attachment theory: Retrospect and prospect. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50, 3–35.
Brown M. R., Fisher L. A., Rivier J., Spiess J., Rivier C., & Vale W. (1982). Corticotropin-releasing factor: Effects on the sympathetic nervous system and oxygen consumption. Life Sciences, 30, 207–219.
Carlson M., Earls F., & Todd R. D. (1988). The importance of regressive changes in the development of the nervous system: Towards a neurobiological theory of child development. Psychiatric Development, 1, 1–22.
Cassidy J. (1994). Emotion regulation: Influences of attachment relationships. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 228–249.
Chapple E. D. (1970). Experimental production of transients in human interaction. Nature, (London), 228, 630–633.
Cicchetti D. (1994), Integrating developmental risk factors: Perspective from developmental psychopathology. In Nelson C. A. (Ed.), Minnesota symposium on child psychology. Vol. 27, Threats to optimal development (pp. 285–325). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Cicchetti D., & Toth S. L. (1991). A developmental perspective on internalizing and externalizing disorders. In Cicchetti D. & Toth S. L. (Eds.), Internalizing and externalizing expressions of dysfunction: Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology, Vol. 2 (pp. 1–19). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Cicchetti D., & Tucker D. (1994). Development and self-regulatory structures of the mind. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 533–549.
Coe C. L., Wiener S. G., Rosenberg L. T., & Levine S. (1985). Endocrine and immune responses to separation and maternal loss in nonhuman primates. In Reite M. & Field T. (Eds.), The psychobiology of attachment and separation (pp. 163–199). Orlando: Academic Press.
Cole P. M., Michel M. K., & O'Donnell Teti L. (1994). The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation: A clinical perspective. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 73–100.
Cutting J. (1992). The role of right hemisphere dysfunction in psychiatric disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 583–588.
Damasio A. R. (1994). Descartes' error. New York: Grosset/Putnam.
Davidson R. J., Ekman P., Saron C., Senulis J., & Friesen W. V. (1990). Approach/withdrawal and cerebral asymmetry: 1. Emotional expression and brain physiology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 330–341.
Dawson G. (1994). Development of emotional expression and emotion regulation in infancy. In Dawson G. & Fischer K. W. (Eds.), Human behavior and the developing brain (pp. 346–379). New York: Guilford Press.
DeKosky S. T., Nonneman A. J., & Scheff S. W. (1982). Morphologic and behavioral effects of perinatal glucocorticoid administration. Physiology and Behavior, 29, 895–900.
Demos V. (1991). Resiliency in infancy. In Dugan T. F. & Coles R. (Eds.), The child in our times: Studies in the development of resiliency. New York: Brunncr/Mazel.
Demos V., & Kaplan S. (1986). Motivation and affect reconsidered: Affect biographies of two infants. Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought, 9, 147–221.
Diamond A., & Doar B. (1989). The performance of human infants on a measure of frontal cortex function, the delayed response task. Developmental Psychobiology, 22, 271–294.
Ebbesson S. O. E. (1980). The panellation theory and its relation to interspecific variability in brain organization, evolutionary and ontogenetic development, and neural plasticity. Cell and Tissue Research, 213, 179–212.
Emde R. N. (1983). The pre-representational self and its affective core. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 38, 165–192.
Emde R. N. (1988). Development terminable and interminable. I. Innate and motivational factors from infancy. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 69, 23–42.
Eppinger H., & Hess L. (1915). Vagotonia: A clinical study in vegetative neurology. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 20, 1–93.
Fagen R. (1977). Selection for optimal age-dependent schedules of play behavior. American Naturalist, 111, 395–414.
Falk D., Hildebolt C., Cheverud J., Vannier M., Helmkamp R. C., & Konigsberg L. (1990). Cortical asymmetries in frontal lobes of Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Brain Research, 512, 40–45.
Field T. (1985). Attachment as psychobiological attunement: Being on the same wavelength. In Reite M. & Field T. (Eds.), The psychobiology of attachment and separation (pp. 415–454). Orlando: Academic Press.
Fogel A. (1982). Affect dynamics in early infancy: Affective tolerance. In Field T. & Fogel A. (Eds.), Emotion and early interaction. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Foote S. L., & Morrison S. H. (1991). Development of the noradrenergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic innervation of the cortex. Current Topics in Developmental Biology, 21, 391–423.
Fox N. A. (1991). If it's not left, it's right: Electroencephalography asymmetry and the development of emotion. American Psychologist, 46, 863–872.
Fraiberg S. (1969). Libidinal object constancy and mental representation. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 24, 9–47.
Freyd J. J. (1987). Dynamic mental representations. Psychological Reviews, 94, 427–438.
Fuster J. M. (1985). The prefrontal cortex and temporal integration. In Peters A. & Jones E. G. (Eds.), Cerebral cortex. Vol. 4. Association and auditory cortices (pp. 151–171). New York: Plenum Press.
Gaensbauer J. T. (1982). Regulation of emotional expression in infants from two contrasting caretak-ing environments. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 21, 163–171.
Gaensbauer T. J., & Mrazek D. (1981). Differences in the patterning of affective expression in infants. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 20, 673–691.
Gerschenson L. E., & Rotello R. J. (1992). Apoptosis: A different type of cell death. The Federation of American Societies For Experimental Biology Journal, 6, 2450–2455.
Gilbert P. (1992). Depression: The evolution of powerlessness. New York: Guilford Press.
Goldberg E., & Bilder R. M. (1987). The frontal lobes and hierarchical organization of cognitive control. In Perecman E. (Ed.), The frontal lobes revisited (pp. 159–187). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Goldman-Rakic P. S. (1987). Circuitry of the primate prefrontal cortex and regulation of behavior by representational memory. In Plum F. & Mount-castle V. (Eds.), Handbook of physiology, Vol. 5 (pp. 373–418). Bethesda, MD: American Physiological Society.
Goldsmith H. H., & Campos J. J. (1982). Toward a theory of infant temperament. In Emde R. N. & Harmon R. J. (Eds.), The development of attachment and affiliative systems (pp. 161–193). New York: Plenum.
Goyer P. F., Konicki P. E., & Schulz S. C. (1994). Brain imaging in personality disorders. In Silk K. R. (Ed.), Biological and neurobehavioral studies of borderline personality disorder (pp. 109–125). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Greenspan S. I. (1981). Psychopathology and adaptation in infancy and early childhood. New York: International Universities Press.
Grings W. W., & Dawson M. E. (1978). Emotions and bodily responses. New York: Academic Press.
Grotstein J. S. (1986). The psychology of powerlessness: Disorders of self-regulation and interactional regulation as a newer paradigm for psychopathology. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 6, 93–118.
Haracz J. L. (1985). Neural plasticity in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 11, 191–229.
Hauser K. F., McLaughlin P. J., & Zagon I. S. (1989). Endogenous opioid systems and the regulation of dendritic growth and spine formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 281, 13–22.
Hinde R. (1990). Causes of social development from the perspective of an integrated developmental science. In Butterworth G. & Bryant P. (Eds.), Causes of development (pp. 161–185). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hofer M. A. (1984). Relationships as regulators: A psychobiologic perspective on bereavement. Psychosomatic Medicine, 46, 183–197.
Hofer M. A. (1990). Early symbiotic processes: Hard evidence from a soft place. In Glick R. A. & Bone S. (Eds.), Pleasure beyond the pleasure principle (pp. 55–78). New Haven: Yale University Press.
Hofer M. A. (1994). Hidden regulators in attachment, separation, and loss. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 192–207.
Horn G., & McCabe B. J. (1984). Predispositions and preferences. Effects on imprinting of lesions to the chick brain. Animal Behavior, 32, 288–292.
Huttenlocher P. R. (1979). Synaptic density in human frontal cortex — developmental changes and effects of aging. Brain Research, 163, 195–205.
Izard C. E., Hembree E. A., & Huebncr R. R. (1987). Infants' emotion expressions to acute pain: Developmental change and stability of individual differences. Developmental Psychology, 23, 105–113.
Izard C. E., Porges S. W., Simons R. F., Haynes O. M., Hyde C., Parisi M., & Cohen B. (1991). Infant cardiac activity: Developmental changes and relations with attachment. Developmental Psychology, 27, 432–439.
Joseph R. (1992). The right brain and the unconscious: Discovering the stranger within. New York: Plenum Press.
Kalsbeek A., Buijs R. M., Hofman M. A., Matthijssen M. A. H., Pool C. W., & Uylings H. B. M. (1987). Effects of neonatal thermal lesioning of the mesocortical dopaminergic projection on the development of the rat prefrontal cortex. Developmental Brain Research, 32, 123–132.
Kathol R. G., Jaeckle R. S., Lopez J. F., & Meller W. H.(1989). Pathophysiology of HPA axis abnormalities in patients with major depression: An update. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 311–317.
King R. (1985). Motivational diversity and mesolimbic dopamine: An hypothesis concerning temperament. In Plutchik R. & Kellerman H. (Eds.), Emotion: Theory, research and experience, Vol. 3. New York: Academic Press.
Kobak R. R., & Sceery A. (1988). Attachment in late adolescence: Working models, affect regulation, and representations of self and others. Child Development, 59, 135–146.
Kolb B. (1984). Functions of the frontal cortex in the rat: A comparative review. Brain Research Reviews, 8, 65–98.
Kostovic I. (1990). Structural and histochemical reorganization of the human prefrontal cortex during perinatal and postnatal life. Progress Brain Research, 85, 223–239.
Kotler T., Buzwell S., Romeo Y., & Bowland J. (1994). Avoidant attachment as a risk for health. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 67, 237–245.
Kraemer G. W., Ebert M. H., Schmidt D. E., & Mckinney W. T. (1991). Strangers in a strange land: A psychobiological study of infant monkeys before and after separation from real or inanimate mothers. Child Development, 62, 548–566.
Krystal H. (1988). Integration and self-healing: Affect-trauma-alexithymia. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
Lapierre D., Braun C. M. J., & Hodgins S. (1995). Ventral frontal deficits in psychopathy: Neuropsychological test findings. Neuropsychologia, 33, 139–151.
Lauder J. M., & Krebs H. (1986). Do neurotransmitters, neurohumors, and hormones specify critical periods? In Greenough W. T. & Juraska J. M. (Eds.), Developmental neuropsychobiology (pp. 119–174). Orlando: Academic Press.
Lazarus R. S. (1991). Progress on a cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. American Psychologist, 46, 819–834.
LeDoux J. E. (1989). Cognitive-emotional interactions in the brain. Cognition and Emotion, 3, 267–289.
Le Moal M., & Simon H. (1991). Mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic network: Functional and regulatory roles. Physiological Reviews, 71, 155–234.
Levitt P., Rakic P., & Goldman-Rakic P. (1984). Region-specific distribution of catecholamine afferents in primate cerebral cortex: A flouresccnce histochemical analysis. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 227, 23–36.
Lewis M., & Miller S. M. (1990). Handbook of developmental psychopathology. New York: Plenum Press.
Lewis M. H., Gluck J. P., Beauchamp A. J., Keresztury M. F., & Mailman R. B. (1990). Long-term effects of early social isolation in Macaca mulatta: Changes in dopamine receptor function following apomorphine challenge. Brain Research, 513, 67–73.
Luria A. R. (1980). Higher cortical functions in man (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
Mahler M., Pine F., & Bergman A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant. New York: Basic Books.
Main M., & Stadtman J. (1981). Infant response to rejection of physical contact by the mother: Aggression, avoidance and conflict. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 20, 292–307.
Main M., & Weston D. R. (1982). Avoidance of the attachment figure in infancy: Descriptions and interpretations. In Parkes C. M. & Stevenson-Hinde J. (Eds.), The place of attachment in human behavior. New York: Basic Books.
Malatesta C. Z., Culver C., Tesman J. R., & Shepard B. (1989). The development of emotion expression during the first two years of life. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 54, 1–103.
Malatesta-Magai C. (1991). Emotional Socialization: Its role in personality and developmental psychopathology. In Cicchetti D. & Toth S. L. (Eds.), Internalizing and externalizing expressions of dysfunction: Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology. Vol. 2 (pp. 203–224). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Martin L. J., Spicer D. M., Lewis M. H., Gluck J. P., & Cork L. C. (1991). Social deprivation of infant rhesus monkeys alters the chemoarchitecture of the brain: I. Subcortical regions. Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 3344–3358.
Mayberg H. S., Lewis P. J., Regenold W., & Wagner H. N. Jr., (1994). Paralimbic hypoperfusion in unipolar depression. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 35, 929–934.
McCabe P. M., & Schneiderman N. (1985). Psychophysiologic reactions to stress. In Schneiderman N. & Tapp J. T. (Eds.), Behavioral medicine: The biophysical approach (pp. 99–131). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Mesulam M-M., & Geschwind N. (1978). On the possible role of neocortex and its limbic connections in the process of attention in schizophrenia: Clinical cases of inattention in man and experimental anatomy in monkey. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 14, 249–259.
Mrzljak L., Uylings H. B. M., van Eden C. G., & Judas M. (1990). Neuronal development in human prefrontal cortex in prenatal and postnatal stages. Progress in Brain Research, 85, 185–222.
Nauta W. J. H. (1964). Some efferent connections of the prefrontal cortex in the monkey. In Warren J. M. & Akert K. (Eds.), The frontal granular cortex and behavior (pp. 397–407). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Nauta W. J. H., & Domesick V. B. (1982). Neural associations of the limbic system. In Beckman A. L. (Ed.), The neural basis of behavior (pp. 175–206). New York: SP Medical and Scientific Books.
Neafsey E. J. (1990). Prefrontal cortical control of the autonomic nervous system: Anatomical and physiological observations. Progress in Brain Research, 85, 147–166.
Nelson C. A. (1994). Neural bases of infant temperament. In Bates J. E. & Wachs T. D. (Eds.), Temperament: Individual differences at the interface of biology and behavior (pp. 47–82). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Oatley K., & Jenkins J. M. (1992). Human emotions: Function and dysfunction. Annual Review of Psychology, 43, 55–85.
Orlinsky D. E., & Howard K. I. (1986). Process and outcome in psychotherapy. In Garfield S. L. & Bergin A. E. (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (3rd ed.) (pp. 311–381). New York: Wiley.
Pandya D. N., & Barnes C. L. (1987). Architecture and connections of the frontal lobes. In Perecman E. (Ed.), The frontal lobes revisited (pp. 41–72). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Petrovich S. B., & Gewirtz J. L. (1985). The attachment learning process and its relation to cultural and biological evolution: Proximate and ultimate considerations. In Reite M. & Field T. (Eds.), The psychobiology of attachment and separation (pp. 259–291). Orlando: Academic Press.
Pipp S., & Harmon R. J. (1987). Attachment as regulation: A commentary. Child Development, 58, 648–652.
Plomin R. (1983). Developmental behavioral genetics. Child Development, 54, 252–259.
Porges S. W., Doussard-Roosevelt J. A., & Maiti A. K. (1994). Vagal tone and the physiological regulation of emotion. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 167–186.
Post R. M., Weiss S. R. B., & Leverich G. S. (1994). Recurrent affective disorder: Roots in developmental neurobiology and illness progression based on changes in gene expression. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 781–813.
Powles W. E. (1992). Human development and homeostasis. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.
Pribram K. H. (1987). The subdivisions of the frontal cortex revisited. In Perecman E. (Ed.), The frontal lobes revisited (pp. 11–39). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Rabinowicz T. (1979). The differentiate maturation of the human cerebral cortex. In Falkner F. & Tanner J. M. (Eds.), Human growth, Vol. 3, Neurobiology and nutrition (pp. 97–103). New York: Plenum Press.
Raleigh M. J., & Brammer G. L. (1993). Individual differences in serotonin-2 receptors and social behavior in monkeys. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 19, 592.
Rauch S. L., Savage C. R., Alpert N. M., Miguel E. C., Baer L., Breiter H. C., Fischman A. J., Manzo P. A., Moretti C., & Jenike M. A. (1995). A positron emission tomographic study of simple phobic symptom provocation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 20–28.
Reite M., & Capitanio J. P. (1985). On the nature of social separation and attachment. In Reite M. & Field T. (Ed.), The psychobiology of attachment and separation (pp. 223–255). Orlando: Academic Press.
Robbins T. W., & Everitt B. J. (1982). Functional studies of the central catecholamines. International Review of Neurobiology, 23, 303–365.
Rolls E. T. (1986). Neural systems involved in emotion in primates. In Plutchik R. & Kellerman H. (Eds,), Emotion: Theory, research, and practice Vol. 3 (pp. 125–143). Orlando: Academic Press.
Rosenblum L. A. (1987). Influences of environmental demand on maternal behavior and infant development. In Krasnegor N. A., Blass E. M., Hofer M. A., & Smotherman W. P. (Eds.), Perinatal development: A psychobiological perspective (pp. 377–395). Orlando: Academic Press.
Rosenblum L. A., Coplan J. D., Friedman S., Basoff T., Gorman J. M., & Andrews M. W. (1994). Adverse early experiences affect noradrenergic and serotonergic functioning in adult primates. Biological Psychiatry, 35, 221–227.
Rosenzweig M. R., Bennet E. L., & Diamond M. C. (1972). Brain changes in response to experience. Scientific American, 226, 22–29.
Rothbart M. K., Derryberry D., & Posner M. I. (1994). A psychobiological approach to the development of temperament. In Bates J. E. & Wachs T. D. (Eds.), Temperament: Individual differences at the interface of biology and behavior (pp. 83–116). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Rothbart M. K., Taylor S. B., & Tucker D. M. (1989). Right-sided facial asymmetry in infant emotional expression. Neuropsychologia, 27, 675–687.
Rutter M. (1995). Relationships between mental disorders in childhood and adulthood. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 91, 73–85.
Scherer K. R. (1986). Vocal affect expression: A review and a model for future research. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 143–165.
Schore A. N. (1991). Early superego development: The emergence of shame and narcissistic affect regulation in the practicing period. Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought, 14, 187–250.
Schore A. N. (1994). Affect regulation and the origin of the self: The neurobiology of emotional development. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Schwartz G. E. (1990). Psychobiology of repression and health: A systems approach. In Singer J. L. (Ed.), Repression and dissociation (pp. 405–434). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Seidman L. J., Oscar-Berman M., Kalinowski A. G., Ajilore O., Kremen W. S., Faraone S. V., & Tsuang M. J. (1995). Experimental and clinical neuropsychological measures of prefrontal dysfunction in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology, 9, 481–490.
Semple W. E., Goyer P., McCormick R., Morris E., Compton B., Berridge M., Miraldi F., & Schulz S. C. (1992). Increased orbital frontal cortex blood flow and hippocampal abnormality in PTSD: A pilot PET study. Biological Psychiatry, 31, 129A.
Sesack S. R., & Pickel V. M. (1992). Prefrontal conical efferents in the rat synapse on unlabeled neuronal targets of catecholamine terminals in the nucleus accumbens septi and on dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 320, 145–160.
Singer W. (1986). Neuronal activity as a shaping factor in postnatal development of visual cortex. In Greenough W. T. & Juraska J. M. (Eds.), Developmental neuropsychobiology (pp. 271–293). Orlando: Academic Press.
Sroufe L. A. (1989). Relationships, self, and individual adaptation. In Samcroff A. J. & Emde R. N. (Eds.), Relationship disturbances in early childhood (pp. 70–94). New York: Basic Books.
Starkstein S. E., Boston J. D., & Robinson R. F. (1988). Mechanisms of mania after brain injury: 12 case reports and review of the literature. Journal of Nenous and Mental Disease, 176, 87–100.
Steklis H. D., & Kling A. (1985). Neurobiology of affiliative behavior in nonhuman primates. In Reite M. & Field T. (Ed.), The psychobiology of attachment and separation (pp. 93–134). Orlando: Academic Press.
Stern D. N. (1985). The interpersonal world of the infant. New York: Basic Books.
Strauss M. S. (1979). Abstraction of prototypical information by adults and 10 month old infants. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 5, 618–632.
Stuss D. T., Kaplan E. F., Benson D. F., Weir W. S., Chiulli S., & Sarazin F. F. (1982). Evidence for the involvement of orbitofrontal cortex in memory functions: An interference effect. Journal of Comparative Physiological Psychology, 96, 913–925.
Thomas A., & Chess S. (1982). The reality of difficult temperament. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 28, 1–20.
Thompson R. A. (1990). Emotion and self-regulation. Nebraska symposium on motivation (pp. 367–467). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Tomkins S. (1963). Affect/imagery/consciousness: Vol. 2. The negative affects. New York: Springer.
Trad P. V. (1986). Infant depression. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Trendelenburg U. (1963). Supersensitivity and subsensitivity to sympathomimetic amines. Pharmacological Reviews, 15, 225–276.
Trevarthen C. (1993). The self born in intersubjectivity: The psychology of an infant communicating. In Neisser U. (Ed.), The perceived self: Ecological and interpersonal sources of self-knowledge (pp. 121–173). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Trevarthen C., & Aitken K. J. (1994). Brain development, infant communication, and empathy disorders: Intrinsic factors in child mental health. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 597–633.
Tronick E. Z. (1989). Emotions and emotional communication in infants. American Psychologist, 44, 112–119.
Tucker D. M. (1992). Developing emotions and cortical networks. In Gunner M. R. & Nelson C. A. (Eds.), Minnesota symposium on child psychology. Vol. 24, Developmental behavioral neuroscience (pp. 75–128). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
van der Kolk B. A. (1987). Psychological trauma. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
van der Kolk B. A., & Fisler R. E. (1994). Childhood abuse and neglect and loss of self-regulation. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 58, 145–168.
Voeller K. K. S. (1986). Right-hemisphere deficit syndrome in children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 1004–1009.
Volkow N. D., Fowler J. S., Wolf A. P., Hitze-mann R., Dewey S., Bendriem B., Alpert R., & Hoff A. (1991). Changes in brain glucose metabolism in cocaine dependence and withdrawal. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 621–626.
Wilson A., Passik S. D., & Faude J. P. (1990). Self-regulation and its failures. In Masling J. (Ed.), Empirical studies of psychoanalytic theory, Vol. 3 (pp. 149–213). Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
Winnicott D. W. (1958). The capacity to be alone. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39, 416–420.
Winnicott D. W. (1971). Mirror-role of mother and family in child development. In Playing and reality. New York: Basic Books.
Winnicott D. W. (1986). Home is where we start from. New York: Norton.
Wittling W., & Schweiger E. (1993). Neuroendocrine brain asymmetry and physical complaints. Neurop-sychologia, 31, 591–608.
Wright K. (1991). Vision and separation: Between mother and baby. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.
Yasui Y., Itoh K., Kaneko T., Shigcmoto R., & Mizuno N. (1991). Topographical projections from the cerebral cortex to the nucleus of the solitary tract in the cat. Experimental Brain Research, 85, 75–84.