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Moderation of parenting by inhibitory control in the prediction of the common and unique variance of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention

  • Charlie Rioux (a1) (a2), Julie Murray (a2) (a3), Natalie Castellanos-Ryan (a2) (a3), Jean R. Séguin (a2) (a4), Richard E. Tremblay (a1) (a2) (a5) (a6) and Sophie Parent (a3)...

Abstract

This study examined whether the interaction between parenting and inhibitory control predicts hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention in 195 children. Observation data of positive parenting were collected at 4 years, and mother reports of coercive parenting at 5 years, inhibitory control at 6 years, and hyperactivity-impulsivity/inattention at 7 years were obtained. The common and unique variance of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention symptoms were examined as outcomes using a bifactor model. Results indicated that positive parenting practices predicted lower levels of hyperactivity-impulsivity/inattention behaviors at age 7 only when children's inhibitory control was high. These results support the vantage sensitivity model, which posits that some individuals show an increased sensitivity to positive experiences exclusively, and support the appropriateness of a targeted prevention approach in early childhood.

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Corresponding author

Author for Correspondence: Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, École de Psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Pavillon Marie-Victorin, 90 av. Vincent-d'Indy, Outremont (QC), H2V 2S9, Canada; E-mail: natalie.castellanos.ryan@umontreal.ca.

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*

Joint first authors

**

Charlie Rioux is now at Institute for Measurement, Methodology, Analysis and Policy, Department of Educational Psychology and Leadership, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.

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References

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