Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide to the 1991 CBCL/4–18, YSR, and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychology.
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.
Adam, E. K. (2006). Transactions among adolescent trait and state emotion and diurnal and momentary cortisol activity in naturalistic settings. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 664–679.
Allen, M. T., & Matthews, K. A. (1997). Hemodynamic responses to laboratory stressors in children and adolescents: The influences of age, race, and gender. Psychophysiology, 34, 329–339.
Armario, A., Gavalda, A., & Marti, J. (1995). Comparison of the behavioural and endocrine response to forced swimming stress in five inbred strains of rats. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 20, 879–890.
Arnett, J. J. (1999). Adolescent storm and stress, reconsidered. American Psychologist, 54, 317–326.
Bauer, A. M., Quas, J. A., & Boyce, W. T. (2002). Associations between physiological reactivity and children's behavior: Advantages of a multisystem approach. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 23, 102–113.
Buske-Kirschbaum, A., Jobst, S., Psych, D., Wustmans, A., Kirschbaum, C., Rauh, W., et al. (1997). Attenuated free cortisol response to psychosocial stress in children with atopic dermatitis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 59, 419–426.
Charmandari, E., Tsigos, C., & Chrousos, G. (2005). Endocrinology of the stress response. Annual Review of Physiology, 67, 259–284.
Chen, E., Matthews, K. A., Salomon, K., & Ewart, C. K. (2002). Cardiovascular reactivity during social and nonsocial stressors: Do children's personal goals and expressive skills matter? Health Psychology, 21, 16–24.
Choi, S., & Kellogg, C. K. (1996). Adolescent development influences functional responsiveness of noradrenergic projections to the hypothalamus in male rats. Brain Research and Developmental Brain Research, 94, 144–151.
Chrousos, G. P., Torpy, D. J., & Gold, P. W. (1998). Interactions between the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis and the female reproductive system: Clinical implications. Annals of Internal Medicine, 129, 229–240.
Cicchetti, D., & Blender, J. A. (2006). A multiple-levels-of-analysis perspective on resilience: Implications for the developing brain, neural plasticity, and preventive interventions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1094, 248–258.
Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. A. (2002). A developmental psychopathology perspective on adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 6–20.
Colten, M. E., & Gore, S. (1991). Adolescent stress: Causes and consequences. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.
Compas, B. E., Hinden, B. R., & Gerhardt, C. A. (1995). Adolescent development: Pathways and processes of risk and resilience. Annual Review of Psychology, 46, 265–293.
Critchlow, V., Liebelt, R. A., Bar-Sela, M., Mountcastle, W., & Lipscomb, H. S. (1963). Sex difference in resting pituitary–adrenal function in the rat. American Journal of Physiology, 205, 807–815.
Dahl, R. E. (2004). Adolescent development and the regulation of behavior and emotion: Introduction to part VIII. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021, 294–295.
Dahl, R. E., Kaufman, J., Ryan, N. D., Perel, J., al-Shabbout, M., Birmaher, B., et al. (1992). The dexamethasone suppression test in children and adolescents: A review and a controlled study. Biological Psychiatry, 32, 109–126.
Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Puig-Antich, J., Nguyen, N. A., al-Shabbout, M., Meyer, V. A., et al. (1991). 24-hour cortisol measures in adolescents with major depression: A controlled study. Biological Psychiatry, 30, 25–36.
Dickerson, S. S., & Kemeny, M. E. (2004). Acute stressors and cortisol responses: A theoretical integration and synthesis of laboratory research. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 355–391.
Eccles, J. S., Midgley, C., Wigfield, A., Buchanan, C. M., Reuman, D., Flanagan, C., et al. (1993). Development during adolescence. The impact of stage-environment fit on young adolescents' experiences in schools and in families. American Psychologist, 48, 90–101.
Elmlinger, M. W., Kuhnel, W., & Ranke, M. B. (2002). Reference ranges for serum concentrations of lutropin (LH), follitropin (FSH), estradiol (E2), prolactin, progesterone, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), cortisol and ferritin in neonates, children and young adults. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 40, 1151–1160.
Ewart, C. K., & Jorgensen, R. S. (2004). Agonistic interpersonal striving: Social–cognitive mechanism of cardiovascular risk in youth? Health Psychology, 23, 75–85.
Ewart, C. K., Jorgensen, R. S., & Kolodner, K. B. (1998). Sociotropic cognition moderates blood pressure response to interpersonal stress in high-risk adolescent girls. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 28, 131–142.
Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2007). Positive affect and meaning-focused coping during significant psychological stress. In Hewstone, M., Schut, H. A. W., De Wit, J. B. F., Van Den Bos, K., & Stroebe, M. S. (Eds.), The scope of social psychology: Theory and applications (pp. 193–208). New York: Psychology Press.
Forbes, E. E., & Dahl, R. E. (2005). Neural systems of positive affect: Relevance to understanding child and adolescent depression? Development and Psychopathology, 17, 827–850.
Frankenhaeuser, M. (1982). Challenge–control interaction as reflected in sympathetic–adrenal and pituitary–adrenal activity: Comparison between the sexes. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 1(Suppl.), 158–164.
Gordis, E. B., Granger, D. A., Susman, E. J., & Trickett, P. K. (2006). Asymmetry between salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase reactivity to stress: Relation to aggressive behavior in adolescents. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 976–987.
Gordis, E. B., Granger, D. A., Susman, E. J., & Trickett, P. K. (2008). Salivary alpha amylase-cortisol asymmetry in maltreated youth. Hormones and Behavior, 53, 96–103.
Graber, J. A., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Petersen, A. C. (1996). Transitions through adolescence: Interpersonal domains and context. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Granger, D. A., Kivlighan, K. T., Blair, C., El-Sheikh, M., Mize, J., Lisonbee, J. A., et al. (2006). Integrating the measurement of salivary alpha amylase into studies of child health, development, and social relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23, 267–290.
Granger, D. A., Kivlighan, K. T., El-Sheikh, M., Gordis, E. B., & Stroud, L. R. (2007a). Assessment of salivary a-amylase in biobehavioral research. In Luecken, L. J. & Gallo, L. (Eds.), Handbook of physiological research methods in health psychology. New York: Sage.
Granger, D. A., Kivlighan, K. T., El-Sheikh, M., Gordis, E. B., & Stroud, L. R. (2007b). Salivary alpha-amylase in biobehavioral research: Recent developments and applications. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1098, 122–144.
Granger, D. A., Kivlighan, K. T., Fortunato, C., Harmon, A. G., Hibel, L. C., Schwartz, E. B., et al. (in press). Integration of salivary biomarkers into developmental and behaviorally-oriented research: Problems and solutions for collecting specimens. Physiology and Behavior, 92, 2012–2015.
Guinjoan, S. M., Bernabo, J. L., & Cardinali, D. P. (1995). Cardiovascular tests of autonomic function and sympathetic skin responses in patients with major depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 59, 299–302.
Gunnar, M. R. (1989). Studies of the human infant's adrenocortical response to potentially stressful events. New Directions in Child Development, 45, 3–18.
Gunnar, M. R. (1992). Reactivity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenocortical system to stressors in normal infants and children. Pediatrics, 90(3, Pt 2), 491–497.
Gunnar, M. R. (2003). Integrating neuroscience and psychosocial approaches in the study of early experiences. In King, J. A., Ferris, C. F., & Lederhendler, I. I. (Eds.), Roots of mental illness in children (Vol. 1008, pp. 238–247). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
Gunnar, M. R., & Vazquez, D. M. (2001). Low cortisol and a flattening of expected daytime rhythm: Potential indices of risk in human development. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 515–538.
Gunnar, M. R., & Vazquez, D. M. (2006). Stress neurobiology and developmental psychopathology. In Cicchetti, D. & Cohen, D. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 2. Developmental neuroscience (2nd ed., pp. 533–577). New York: Wiley.
Gunnar, M. R., Wewerka, S., Frenn, K., Long, J. D., & Griggs, C. (2009). Developmental changes in HPA activity over the transition to adolescence: Normative changes and associations with puberty. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 69–85.
Halligan, S. L., Herbert, J., Goodyer, I., & Murray, L. (2007). Disturbances in morning cortisol secretion in association with maternal postnatal depression predict subsequent depressive symptomatology in adolescents. Biological Psychiatry, 62, 40–46.
Handwerger, K., Allwood, M. A., Kivlighan, K. T., Granger, D. A., & Stroud, L. R. (2008). Saliva alpha amylase stress reactivity in children and adolescents: Validation, contextual influences, and links to behavioral dysregulation. Unpublished manuscript.
Hayward, C. (2003). Gender differences at puberty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Henry, J. P. (1992). Biological basis of the stress response. Integrative Physiology and Behavioral Sciences, 27, 66–83.
Hibel, L. C., Granger, D. A., Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. (2007). Salivary biomarker levels and diurnal variation: Associations with medications prescribed to control children's problem behavior. Child Development, 78, 927–937.
Holsboer, F. (2000). The corticosteroid receptor hypothesis of depression. Neuropsychopharmacology, 23, 477–501.
Jonetz-Mentzel, L., & Wiedemann, G. (1993). Establishment of reference ranges for cortisol in neonates, infants, children and adolescents. European Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, 31, 525–529.
Kenny, F. M., Gancayco, G. P., Heald, F. P., & Hung, W. (1966). Cortisol production rate in adolescent males in different stages of sexual maturation. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 26, 1232–1236.
Kiess, W., Meidert, A., Dressendorfer, R. A., Schriever, K., Kessler, U., Konig, A., et al. (1995). Salivary cortisol levels throughout childhood and adolescence: Relation with age, pubertal stage, and weight. Pediatric Research, 37(4, Pt 1), 502–506.
Kirschbaum, C., & Hellhammer, D. H. (1989). Salivary cortisol in psychobiological research: An overview. Neuropsychobiology, 22, 150–169.
Kirschbaum, C., & Hellhammer, D. H. (1994). Salivary cortisol in psychoneuroendocrine research: Recent developments and applications. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 19, 313–333.
Kirschbaum, C., Pirke, K. M., & Hellhammer, D. H. (1993). The “Trier Social Stress Test”—A tool for investigating psychobiological stress responses in a laboratory setting. Neuropsychobiology, 28, 76–81.
Klimes-Dougan, B., Hastings, P. D., Granger, D. A., Usher, B. A., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2001). Adrenocortical activity in at-risk and normally developing adolescents: Individual differences in salivary cortisol basal levels, diurnal variation, and responses to social challenges. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 695–719.
Knutsson, U., Dahlgren, J., Marcus, C., Rosberg, S., Bronnegard, M., Stierna, P., et al. (1997). Circadian cortisol rhythms in healthy boys and girls: Relationship with age, growth, body composition, and pubertal development. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 82, 536–540.
Kovacs, M. (1992). The Childhood Depression Inventory Manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Kurtz, M. M., & Campbell, B. A. (1994). Paradoxical autonomic responses to aversive stimuli in the developing rat. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108, 962–971.
Ladd, G. W. (2006). Peer rejection, aggressive or withdrawn behavior, and psychological maladjustment from ages 5 to 12: An examination of four predictive models. Child Development, 77, 822–846.
Legro, R. S., Lin, H. M., Demers, L. M., & Lloyd, T. (2003). Urinary free cortisol increases in adolescent Caucasian females during perimenarche. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 88, 215–219.
Lerner, J. S., Dahl, R. E., Hariri, A. R., & Taylor, S. E. (2007). Facial expressions of emotion reveal neuroendocrine and cardiovascular stress responses. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 253–260.
Llabre, M. M., Spitzer, S. B., Saab, P. G., Ironson, G. H., & Schneiderman, N. (1991). The reliability and specificity of delta versus residualized change as measures of cardiovascular reactivity to behavioral challenges. Psychophysiology, 28, 701–711.
Lupien, S. J., King, S., Meaney, M. J., & McEwen, B. S. (2001). Can poverty get under your skin? basal cortisol levels and cognitive function in children from low and high socioeconomic status. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 653–676.
Marshall, W. A., & Tanner, J. M. (1969). Variations in pattern of pubertal changes in girls. Archives of Disease in Children, 44(235), 291–303.
Marshall, W. A., & Tanner, J. M. (1970). Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys. Archives of Disease in Children, 45(239), 13–23.
Matchock, R. L., Dorn, L. D., & Susman, E. J. (2007). Diurnal and seasonal cortisol, testosterone, and DHEA rhythms in boys and girls during puberty. Chronobiology International, 24, 969–990.
Matthews, S. C., Nelesen, R. A., & Dimsdale, J. E. (2005). Depressive symptoms are associated with increased systemic vascular resistance to stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 509–513.
McEwen, B. S. (1998). Protective and damaging effects of stress mediators. New England Journal of Medicine, 338, 171–179.
Modesti, P. A., Pela, I., Cecioni, I., Gensini, G. F., Serneri, G. G., & Bartolozzi, G. (1994). Changes in blood pressure reactivity and 24-hour blood pressure profile occurring at puberty. Angiology, 45, 443–450.
Murphy, J. K., Alpert, B. S., Walker, S. S., & Willey, E. S. (1988). Race and cardiovascular reactivity. A replication. Hypertension, 11, 308–311.
Nater, U. M., La Marca, R., Florin, L., Moses, A., Langhans, W., Koller, M. M., et al. (2006). Stress-induced changes in human salivary alpha-amylase activity—Associations with adrenergic activity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 49–58.
Nelson, E. E., Leibenluft, E., McClure, E. B., & Pine, D. S. (2005). The social re-orientation of adolescence: A neuroscience perspective on the process and its relation to psychopathology. Psychological Medicine, 35, 163–174.
Netherton, C., Goodyer, I., Tamplin, A., & Herbert, J. (2004). Salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone in relation to puberty and gender. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29, 125–140.
Plotsky, P. M., Owens, M. J., & Nemeroff, C. B. (1998). Psychoneuroendocrinology of depression. Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 21, 293–307.
Porth, C. (2006). Essentials of pathophysiology: Concepts of altered health states. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Primus, R. J., & Kellogg, C. K. (1989). Pubertal-related changes influence the development of environment-related social interaction in the male rat. Developmental Psychobiology, 22, 633–643.
Prinstein, M. J., Borelli, J. L., Cheah, C. S., Simon, V. A., & Aikins, J. W. (2005). Adolescent girls' interpersonal vulnerability to depressive symptoms: A longitudinal examination of reassurance-seeking and peer relationships. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 676–688.
Reynolds, C. R., & Richmond, B. O. (2000). Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Romeo, R. D., Lee, S. J., & McEwen, B. S. (2005). Differential stress reactivity in intact and ovariectomized prepubertal and adult female rats. Neuroendocrinology, 80, 387–393.
Rosen, J. B., & Schulkin, J. (1998). From normal fear to pathological anxiety. Psychological Review, 105, 325–350.
Sapolsky, R. M., & Meaney, M. J. (1986). Maturation of the adrenocortical stress response: Neuroendocrine control mechanisms and the stress hyporesponsive period. Brain Research, 396, 64–76.
Schmidt, N. A. (1998). Salivary cortisol testing in children. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 20, 183–190.
Schwartz, E. B., Granger, D. A., Susman, E. J., Gunnar, M. R., & Laird, B. (1998). Assessing salivary cortisol in studies of child development. Child Development, 69, 1503–1513.
Shea, A., Walsh, C., Macmillan, H., & Steiner, M. (2005). Child maltreatment and HPA axis dysregulation: Relationship to major depressive disorder and post traumatic stress disorder in females. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 30, 162–178.
Spear, L. P. (2000). The adolescent brain and age-related behavioral manifestations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 24, 417–463.
Spielberger, C. D., Edwards, C. D., Montuori, J., Lushene, R. E., & Platzek, D. (1973). State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC). Palo Alto, CA: Mind Garden.
Steinberg, L., Dahl, R., Keating, D., Kupfer, D. J., Masten, A. S., & Pine, D. (2004). The study of developmental psychopathology in adolescence: Integrating affective neuroscience with the study of context. In Cicchetti, D. (Ed.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology. New York: Wiley.
Steinberg, L., & Morris, A. S. (2001). Adolescent development. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 83–110.
Stroud, L. R., Papandonatos, G. D., Williamson, D. E., & Dahl, R. E. (2004). Sex differences in the effects of pubertal development on responses to a corticotropin-releasing hormone challenge: The Pittsburgh psychobiologic studies. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021, 348–351.
Stroud, L. R., Salovey, P., & Epel, E. S. (2002). Sex differences in stress responses: Social rejection versus achievement stress. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 318–327.
Stroud, L. R., Tanofsky-Kraff, M., Wilfley, D. E., & Salovey, P. (2000). The Yale Interpersonal Stressor (YIPS): Affective, physiological, and behavioral responses to a novel interpersonal rejection paradigm. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 204–213.
Susman, E. J. (2006). Psychobiology of persistent antisocial behavior: Stress, early vulnerabilities and the attenuation hypothesis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 376–389.
van Goozen, S. H., Fairchild, G., Snoek, H., & Harold, G. T. (2007). The evidence for a neurobiological model of childhood antisocial behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 149–182.
van Stegeren, A., Rohleder, N., Everaerd, W., & Wolf, O. T. (2006). Salivary alpha amylase as marker for adrenergic activity during stress: Effect of beta blockade. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 137–141.
Vasey, M. W., & Thayer, J. F. (1987). The continuing problem of false positives in repeated measures ANOVA in psychophysiology: A multivariate solution. Psychophysiology, 24, 479–486.
Vazquez, D. M. (1998). Stress and the developing limbic–hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23, 663–700.
Viau, V., Bingham, B., Davis, J., Lee, P., & Wong, M. (2005). Gender and puberty interact on the stress-induced activation of parvocellular neurosecretory neurons and corticotropin-releasing hormone messenger ribonucleic acid expression in the rat. Endocrinology, 146, 137–146.
Walker, C. D., Trottier, G., Rochford, J., & Lavallee, D. (1995). Dissociation between behavioral and hormonal responses to the forced swim stress in lactating rats. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 7, 615–622.
Walker, E. F., Walder, D. J., & Reynolds, F. (2001). Developmental changes in cortisol secretion in normal and at-risk youth. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 721–732.
Weinstein, D. D., Diforio, D., Schiffman, J., Walker, E. F., & Bonsall, R. (1999). Minor physical anomalies, dermatoglyphic asymmetries, and cortisol levels in adolescents with schizotypal personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 617–623.