Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E. P., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49–74.
Angold, A., Costello, E. J., Messer, S. C., & Pickles, A. (1995). Development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 237–249.
Asarnow, J. R., Porta, G., Spirito, A., Emslie, G., Clarke, G., Wagner, K. D., et al. (2011). Suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury in the treatment of resistant depression in adolescents: Findings from the TORDIA study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 772–81.
Bair, M. J., Robinson, R. L., Katon, W., & Kroenke, K. (2003). Depression and pain comorbidity. Archives of Internal Medicine, 163, 2433–2445.
Barnard, K. E., Johnson, S., Booth, C. L., & Bee, H. (1989). Difficult Life Circumstances Scale. Seattle: NCAST Publications.
Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., & Harrison, R. (1983). Cognitions, attitudes and personality dimensions in depression. British Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1, 1–16.
Björkqvist, K., Lagerspetz, K. M., & Kaukiainen, A. (1992). Do girls manipulate and boys fight? Developmental trends in regard to direct and indirect aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 18, 117–127.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) fatal injury reports. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/
Chapman, A. L., Gratz, K. L., & Brown, M. Z. (2006). Solving the puzzle of deliberate self-harm: The experiential avoidance model. Behavior Research & Therapy, 44, 371–394.
Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. A. (1996). Equifinality and multifinality in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 597–600.
Cox, L. J., Stanley, B. H., Melhem, N. M., Oquendo, M. A., Birmaher, B., Burke, A., et al. (2012). Familial and individual correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury in the offspring of mood-disordered parents. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 73, 813–820.
Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722.
Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1996). Children's treatment by peers: Victims of relational and overt aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 367–380.
Crick, N. R., Murray-Close, D., & Woods, K. (2005). Borderline personality features in childhood: A short-term longitudinal study. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 1051–1070.
Crick, N. R., Ostrov, J. M., & Werner, N. E. (2006). A longitudinal study of relational aggression, physical aggression, and children's social-psychological adjustment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 131–142.
Crick, N. R., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2003). The development of psychopathology in females and males: Current progress and future challenges. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 719–742.
Csorba, J., Dinya, E., Plener, P., Nagy, E., & Páli, E. (2009). Clinical diagnoses, characteristics of risk behaviour, differences between suicidal and non-suicidal subgroups of Hungarian adolescent outpatients practising self-injury. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 18, 309–320.
Culkin, J., & Perrotto, R. S. (1985). Assertiveness factors and depression in a sample of college women. Psychological Reports, 57, 1015–1020.
Decety, J., Michalska, K. J., Akitsuki, Y., & Lahey, B. B. (2009). Atypical empathic responses in adolescents with aggressive conduct disorder: A functional MRI investigation. Biological Psychology, 80, 203–211.
Egger, H. L., Costello, E. J., Erkanli, A., & Angold, A. (2004). Somatic complaints and psychopathology in children and adolescents: Stomach aches, musculoskeletal pains, and headaches. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 852–860.
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (2002). Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, research version, non-patient edition (SCID-I/NP). New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute, Biometrics Research.
Fisher, H. L., Moffitt, T. E., Houts, R. M., Belsky, D. W., Arseneault, L., & Caspi, A. (2012). Bullying victimisation and risk of self-harm in early adolescence: Longitudinal cohort study. British Medical Journal, 344, 2683.
Fuligni, A. J., Eccles, J. S., Barber, B. L., & Clements, P. (2001). Early adolescent peer orientation and adjustment during high school. Developmental Psychology, 37, 28–36.
Gadow, K., & Sprafkin, J. (1994). Child Symptom Inventories manual. Stonybrook, NY: Checkmate Plus.
Garber, J., Walker, L., & Zeman, J. (1991). Somatization symptoms in a community sample of children and adolescents: Further validation of the Children's Somatization Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 3, 588–595.
Glenn, C. R., & Klonsky, E. D. (2011). Prospective prediction of nonsuicidal self-injury: A 1-year longitudinal study in young adults. Behavior Therapy, 42, 751–762.
Gresham, F., & Elliot, S.
The Social Skills Rating Systems. (1990). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Guerry, J. D., & Prinstein, M. J. (2010). Longitudinal prediction of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: Examination of a cognitive vulnerability-stress model. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 39, 77–89.
Hankin, B. L., & Abela, J. R. (2011). Nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescence: Prospective rates and risk factors in a 2½ year longitudinal study. Psychiatry Research, 186, 65–70.
Hankin, B. L., & Abramson, L. Y. (2001). Development of gender differences in depression: An elaborated cognitive vulnerability-transactional stress theory. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 773–796.
Hartlage, S., Arduino, K., & Alloy, L. B. (1998). Depressive personality characteristics: State dependent concomitants of depressive disorder and traits independent of current depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 349–354.
Haugland, S., Wold, B., Stevenson, J., Aaroe, L. E., & Woynarowska, B. (2001). Subjective health complaints in adolescence. European Journal of Public Health, 11, 4–10.
Hawton, K., Rodham, K., Evans, E., & Weatherall, R. (2002). Deliberate self-harm in adolescents: Self report survey in schools in England. British Medical Journal, 325, 1207–1211.
Jacobson, C. M., & Gould, M. (2007). The epidemiology and phenomenology of non-suicidal self-injurious behavior among adolescents: A critical review of the literature. Archives of Suicide Research, 11, 129–147.
Kaess, M., Hille, M., Parzer, P., Maser-Gluth, C., Resch, F., & Brunner, R. (2012). Alterations in the neuroendocrinological stress response to acute psychosocial stress in adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37, 157–161.
Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Chung, T., Stepp, S., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Loeber, R., et al. (2010). The Pittsburgh Girls Study: Overview and initial findings. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 39, 506–521.
Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Feng, X., Hinze, A. K., Babinski, D. E., Henneberger, A., et al. (2008). Subthreshold symptoms of depression in girls are stable and predictive of depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 1433–1442.
Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Feng, X., Rischall, M., Henneberger, A., & Klosterman, S. (2010). Lack of assertion, peer victimization, and risk for depression in girls: Testing a diathesis-stress model. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47, 526–528.
Klonsky, E. D., & Olino, T. M. (2008). Identifying clinically distinct subgroups of self-injurers among young adults: A latent class analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 22–27.
Kolip, P. (1997). Gender differences in health status during adolescence: A remarkable shift. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 9, 9–17.
LeResche, L., Mancl, L. A., Drangsholt, M. T., Saunders, K., & Von Korff, M. (2005). Relationship of pain and symptoms to pubertal development in adolescents. Pain, 118, 201–209.
Murray-Close, D., Ostrov, J. M., & Crick, N. R. (2007). A short-term longitudinal study of growth of relational aggression during middle childhood: Associations with gender, friendship intimacy, and internalizing problems. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 187–203.
Nock, M. K., & Favazza, A. R. (2009). In M. K. (Ed.), Nonsuicidal self-injury: Definition and classification. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Olinger, L. J., Shaw, B. F., & Kupier, N. A. (1987). Nonassertiveness, dysfunctional attitudes, and mild levels of depression. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 19, 40–49.
Pajer, K., Gardner, W., Rubin, R., Perel, J., & Neal, S. (2001). Decreased cortisol levels in adolescent girls with conduct disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 297–302.
Pajer, K., Tabbah, R., Gardner, W., Rubin, R. T., Czambel, R. K., & Wang, Y. (2006). Adrenal androgen and gonadal hormone levels in adolescent girls with conduct disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 1245–1256.
Plener, P. L., Bubalo, N., Fladung, A. K., Ludolph, A. G., & Lulé, D. (2012). Prone to excitement: Adolescent females with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) show altered cortical pattern to emotional and NSS-related material. Psychiatry Research, 203, 146–152.
Prinstein, M. J. (2008). Introduction to the special section on suicide and nonsuicidal self-injury: A review of unique challenges and important directions for self-injury science. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 1–8.
Prinstein, M. J., Heilbron, N., Guerry, J. D., Franklin, J. C., Rancourt, D., Simon, V., et al. (2010). Peer influence and nonsuicidal self injury: Longitudinal results in community and clinically-referred adolescent samples. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 669–682.
Stepp, S. D., Pilkonis, P. A., Hipwell, A. E., Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (2010). Stability of borderline personality disorder features in girls. Journal of Personality Disorders, 24, 60–72.
St. Germain, S. A., & Hooley, J. M. (2012). Direct and indirect forms of non-suicidal self-injury: Evidence for a distinction. Psychiatry Research, 197, 78–84.
Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Finkelhor, D., Moore, D. W., & Runyan, D. (1998). Identification of child maltreatment with the parent–child conflict tactic scales: Development and psychometric data for a national sample of American parents. Child Abuse and Neglect, 22, 249–270.
Tang, J., Ma, Y., Guo, Y., Ahmed, N. I., Yu, Y., & Wang, J. (2013). Association of aggression and non-suicidal self injury: A school-based sample of adolescents. PLOS ONE, 8, e78149.
Vernberg, B., Jacobs, A., & Hershberger, S. (1999). Peer victimization and attitudes about violence during early adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 386–395.
Vivona, J. M., Ecker, B., Halgin, R. P., Cates, D., Garrison, W. T., & Friedman, M. (1995). Self- and other-directed aggression in child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 434–444.
Walker, L., & Garber, J. (2003). Manual for the Children's Somatization Inventory. Unpublished manuscript.
Walker, L., Garber, J., & Greene, J. (1991). Somatization symptoms in pediatric abdominal pain patients: Relation to chronicity of abdominal pain and parent somatization. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 379–394.
Walker, L., & Greene, J. (1989). Children with recurrent abdominal pain and their parents: More somatic complaints, anxiety, and depression than other patient families?
Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 14, 231–243.
Wilcox, H. C., Arria, A. M., Caldeira, K. M., Vincent, K. B., Pinchevsky, G. M., & O'Grady, K. E. (2012). Longitudinal predictors of past-year non-suicidal self-injury and motives among college students. Psychological Medicine, 42, 717–726.
Wilkinson, P. (2013). Non-suicidal self-injury. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 22, 75–79.