Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Petersen, Isaac T. Hoyniak, Caroline P. McQuillan, Maureen E. Bates, John E. and Staples, Angela D. 2016. Measuring the development of inhibitory control: The challenge of heterotypic continuity. Developmental Review, Vol. 40, p. 25.


    ×

The role of language ability and self-regulation in the development of inattentive–hyperactive behavior problems

  • Isaac T. Petersen (a1), John E. Bates (a1) and Angela D. Staples (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579414000698
  • Published online: 15 July 2014
Abstract
Abstract

Previous research has found associations but not established mechanisms of developmental linkage between language ability and inattentive–hyperactive (I-H) behavior problems. The present study examined whether self-regulation mediates the effect of language ability on later I-H behavior problems among young children (N = 120) assessed at 30, 36, and 42 months of age. Cross-lagged panel models tested the direction of effect between language ability and self-regulation and longitudinal effects of language ability on later I-H problems mediated by self-regulation. Language ability was measured by children's scores on the receptive and expressive language subtests of the Differential Ability Scales. Self-regulation was measured by three behavioral tasks requiring inhibitory control. I-H problems were reported by parents and secondary caregivers. Language ability predicted later self-regulation as measured by all three tasks. There was no association, however, between self-regulation and later language ability, suggesting that the direction of effect was stronger from language ability to later self-regulation. Moreover, the effect of language ability on later I-H behavior problems was mediated by children's self-regulation in one of the tasks (for secondary caregivers' but not parents' ratings). Findings suggest that language deficits may explain later I-H behavior problems via their prediction of poorer self-regulatory skills.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Isaac T. Petersen, Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 East 10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405. E-mail: itpeters@indiana.edu.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K. Albertson , & C. Shore (2008). Holding in mind conflicting information: Pretending, working memory, and executive control. Journal of Cognition and Development, 9, 390410. doi:10.1080/15248370802678240

R. A. Barkley (1997b). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: Constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 6594. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.121.1.65

J. H. Beitchman , B. Wilson , C. J. Johnson , L. Atkinson , A. Young , E. Adlaf , (2001). Fourteen-year follow-up of speech/language-impaired and control children: Psychiatric outcome. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 7582. doi:10.1097/00004583-200101000-00019

J. E. Benson , M. A. Sabbagh , S. M. Carlson , & P. D. Zelazo (2013). Individual differences in executive functioning predict preschoolers' improvement from theory-of-mind training. Developmental Psychology, 49, 16151627. doi:10.1037/a0031056

A. Bernier , M. H. Beauchamp , A.-A. Bouvette-Turcot , S. M. Carlson , & J. Carrier (2013). Sleep and cognition in preschool years: Specific links to executive functioning. Child Development, 84, 15421553. doi:10.1111/cdev.12063

A. Bernier , S. M. Carlson , S. Bordeleau , & J. Carrier (2010). Relations between physiological and cognitive regulatory systems: Infant sleep regulation and subsequent executive functioning. Child Development, 81, 17391752. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01507.x

A. Bernier , S. M. Carlson , M. Deschênes , & C. Matte-Gagné (2012). Social factors in the development of early executive functioning: A closer look at the caregiving environment. Developmental Science, 15, 1224. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01093.x

E. Bialystok , & M. Viswanathan (2009). Components of executive control with advantages for bilingual children in two cultures. Cognition, 112, 494500. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2009.06.014

C. Blair , & R. P. Razza (2007). Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten. Child Development, 78, 647663. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01019.x

M. H. Bornstein , C.-S. Hahn , & J. T. D. Suwalsky (2013). Physically developed and exploratory young infants contribute to their own long-term academic achievement. Psychological Science, 24, 19061917. doi:10.1177/0956797613479974

M. H. Bornstein , C.-S. Hahn , & D. Wolke (2012). Systems and cascades in cognitive development and academic achievement. Child Development, 84, 154162. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01849.x

E. B. Brownlie , J. Beitchman , M. Escobar , A. Young , L. Atkinson , C. Johnson , (2004). Early language impairment and young adult delinquent and aggressive behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 453467. doi:10.1023/b:jacp.0000030297.91759.74

S. D. Calkins , & N. A. Fox (2002). Self-regulatory processes in early personality development: A multilevel approach to the study of childhood social withdrawal and aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 477498. doi:10.1017/S095457940200305X

S. Campbell , D. Shaw , & M. Gilliom (2000). Early externalizing behavior problems: Toddlers and preschoolers at risk for later maladjustment. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 467488. doi:10.1017/S0954579400003114

S. M. Carlson , D. J. Mandell , & L. Williams (2004). Executive function and theory of mind: Stability and prediction from ages 2 to 3. Developmental Psychology, 40, 11051122. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.40.6.1105

S. M. Carlson , & L. J. Moses (2001). Individual differences in inhibitory control and children's theory of mind. Child Development, 72, 10321053. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00333

S. M. Carlson , L. J. Moses , & C. Breton (2002). How specific is the relation between executive function and theory of mind? Contributions of inhibitory control and working memory. Infant & Child Development, 11, 7392. doi:10.1002/icd.298

W. J. Chen , S. V. Faraone , J. Biederman , & M. T. Tsuang (1994). Diagnostic accuracy of the Child Behavior Checklist scales for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A receiver-operating characteristic analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 10171025. doi:10.1037/0022-006x.62.5.1017

D. A. Cole , & S. E. Maxwell (2003). Testing mediational models with longitudinal data: Questions and tips in the use of structural equation modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 558577. doi:10.1037/0021-843x.112.4.558

M. J. Cox , R. Mills-Koonce , C. Propper , & J.-L. Gariépy (2010). Systems theory and cascades in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 22, 497506. doi:10.1017/s0954579410000234

E. M. Derks , J. J. Hudziak , C. V. Dolan , T. C. E. M. van Beijsterveldt , F. C. Verhulst , & D. I. Boomsma (2008). Genetic and environmental influences on the relation between attention problems and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Behavior Genetics, 38, 1123. doi:10.1007/s10519-007-9178-8

A. Diamond , W. S. Barnett , J. Thomas , & S. Munro (2007). Preschool program improves cognitive control. Science, 318, 13871388. doi:10.1126/science.1151148

K. A. Dodge , M. T. Greenberg , P. S. Malone , & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2008). Testing an idealized dynamic cascade model of the development of serious violence in adolescence. Child Development, 79, 19071927. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01233.x

A. E. Doyle , S. V. Faraone , L. J. Seidman , E. G. Willcutt , J. T. Nigg , I. D. Waldman , (2005). Are endophenotypes based on measures of executive functions useful for molecular genetic studies of ADHD? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 774803. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01476.x

N. Eisenberg , A. Edwards , T. L. Spinrad , J. Sallquist , N. D. Eggum , & M. Reiser (2013). Are effortful and reactive control unique constructs in young children? Developmental Psychology, 49, 20822094. doi:10.1037/a0031745 10.1037/a0031745.supp (Supplemental)

A. D. Evans , & K. Lee (2013). Emergence of lying in very young children. Developmental Psychology, 49, 19581963. doi:10.1037/a0031409

M. H. Frauenglass , & R. M. Diaz (1985). Self-regulatory functions of children's private speech: A critical analysis of recent challenges to Vygotsky's theory. Developmental Psychology, 21, 357364. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.21.2.357

J. Ganger , & M. R. Brent (2004). Reexamining the vocabulary spurt. Developmental Psychology, 40, 621632. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.40.4.621

N. Garon , S. E. Bryson , & I. M. Smith (2008). Executive function in preschoolers: A review using an integrative framework. Psychological Bulletin, 134, 3160. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.1.31

L. M. A. Gusdorf , A. Karreman , M. A. G. van Aken , M. Deković , & C. van Tuijl (2011). The structure of effortful control in preschoolers and its relation to externalizing problems. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 29, 612634. doi:10.1348/026151010x526542

D. L. Horn , R. A. O. Davis , D. B. Pisoni , & R. T. Miyamoto (2005). Behavioral inhibition and clinical outcomes in children with cochlear implants. Laryngoscope, 115, 595600. doi:10.1097/01.mlg.0000161340.00258.1d

D. L. Horn , D. B. Pisoni , & R. T. Miyamoto (2006). Divergence of fine and gross motor skills in prelingually deaf children: Implications for cochlear implantation. Laryngoscope, 116, 15001506. doi:10.1097/01.mlg.0000230404.84242.4c

I. Ivanov , K. P. Schulz , E. D. London , & J. H. Newcorn (2008). Inhibitory control deficits in childhood and risk for substance use disorders: A review. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 34, 239258. doi:10.1080/00952990802013334

S. J. Johnstone , R. J. Barry , V. Markovska , A. Dimoska , & A. R. Clarke (2009). Response inhibition and interference control in children with AD/HD: A visual ERP investigation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 72, 145153. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2008.11.007

L. B. Jones , M. K. Rothbart , & M. I. Posner (2003). Development of executive attention in preschool children. Developmental Science, 6, 498504. doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00307

R. M. Joseph , L. M. McGrath , & H. Tager-Flusberg (2005). Executive dysfunction and its relation to language ability in verbal school-age children with autism. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27, 361378. doi:10.1207/s15326942dn2703_4

A. Karreman , C. van Tuijl , M. A. G. van Aken , & M. Deković (2009). Predicting young children's externalizing problems: Interactions among effortful control, parenting, and child gender. Merrill–Palmer Quarterly, 55, 111134.

K. Keenan , & D. S. Shaw (1997). Developmental and social influences on young girls' early problem behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 95113. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.121.1.95

D. A. Kenny , & C. M. Judd (2014). Power anomalies in testing mediation. Psychological Science, 25, 334339. doi:10.1177/0956797613502676

G. Kochanska , K. C. Coy , & K. T. Murray (2001). The development of self-regulation in the first four years of life. Child Development, 72, 10911111. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00336

G. Kochanska , K. T. Murray , & E. T. Harlan (2000). Effortful control in early childhood: Continuity and change, antecedents, and implications for social development. Developmental Psychology, 36, 220232. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.36.2.220

G. Kochanska , K. Murray , T. Y. Jacques , A. L. Koenig , & K. A. Vandegeest (1996). Inhibitory control in young children and its role in emerging internalization. Child Development, 67, 490507. doi:10.2307/1131828

C. B. Kopp (1982). Antecedents of self-regulation: A developmental perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18, 199214. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.18.2.199

A. Lahat , K. A. Degnan , L. K. White , J. M. McDermott , H. A. Henderson , C. W. Lejuez , (2012). Temperamental exuberance and executive function predict propensity for risk taking in childhood. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 847856. doi:10.1017/S0954579412000405

J. D. Lane , H. M. Wellman , S. L. Olson , A. L. Miller , L. Wang , & T. Tardif (2013). Relations between temperament and theory of mind development in the United States and China: Biological and behavioral correlates of preschoolers' false-belief understanding. Developmental Psychology, 49, 825836. doi:10.1037/a0028825

J. E. Lansford , P. S. Malone , K. A. Dodge , G. S. Pettit , & J. E. Bates (2010). Developmental cascades of peer rejection, social information processing biases, and aggression during middle childhood. Development and Psychopathology, 22, 593602. doi:10.1017/S0954579410000301

J. Law , Z. Garrett , & C. Nye (2004). The efficacy of treatment for children with developmental speech and language delay/disorder: A meta-analysis. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 47, 924943. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2004/069)

L. J. Lengua , E. Honorado , & N. R. Bush (2007). Contextual risk and parenting as predictors of effortful control and social competence in preschool children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 28, 4055. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2006.10.001

K. J. Lifford , G. T. Harold , & A. Thapar (2008). Parent–child relationships and ADHD symptoms: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 285296. doi:10.1007/s10802-007-9177-5

G. Lindsay , J. E. Dockrell , & S. Strand (2007). Longitudinal patterns of behaviour problems in children with specific speech and language difficulties: Child and contextual factors. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 811828. doi:10.1348/000709906x171127

M. Liss , D. Fein , D. Allen , M. Dunn , C. Feinstein , R. Morris , (2001). Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 261270. doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00717

T. D. Little , K. J. Preacher , J. P. Selig , & N. A. Card (2007). New developments in latent variable panel analyses of longitudinal data. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 357365. doi:10.1177/0165025407077757

B. Luna , & J. A. Sweeney (2004). The emergence of collaborative brain function: fMRI studies of the development of response inhibition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021, 296309. doi:10.1196/annals.1308.035

D. Lynam , T. Moffitt , & M. Stouthamer-Loeber (1993). Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: Class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 187196. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.102.2.187

L. N. Lynn , M. Cuskelly , P. H. Gray , & M. J. O'Callaghan (2012). Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at 2 years old: A comparison study. Infants & Young Children, 25, 136148. doi:10.1097/IYC.0b013e31824963a2

A. S. Masten , G. I. Roisman , J. D. Long , K. B. Burt , J. Obradović , J. R. Riley , (2005). Developmental cascades: Linking academic achievement and externalizing and internalizing symptoms over 20 years. Developmental Psychology, 41, 733746. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.41.5.733

S. E. Maxwell , & D. A. Cole (2007). Bias in cross-sectional analyses of longitudinal mediation. Psychological Methods, 12, 2344. doi:10.1037/1082-989x.12.1.23

S. E. Maxwell , D. A. Cole , & M. A. Mitchell (2011). Bias in cross-sectional analyses of longitudinal mediation: Partial and complete mediation under an autoregressive model. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 46, 816841. doi:10.1080/00273171.2011.606716

B. Menting , P. A. C. van Lier , & H. M. Koot (2011). Language skills, peer rejection, and the development of externalizing behavior from kindergarten to fourth grade. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 52, 7279. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02279.x

L. R. Moran , L. J. Lengua , & M. Zalewski (2013). The interaction between negative emotionality and effortful control in early social-emotional development. Social Development, 22, 340362. doi:10.1111/sode.12025

U. Müller , D. P. Liebermann-Finestone , J. I. M. Carpendale , S. I. Hammond , & M. B. Bibok (2012). Knowing minds, controlling actions: The developmental relations between theory of mind and executive function from 2 to 4 years of age. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111, 331348. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.014

S. L. Olson , T. Z. Tardif , A. Miller , B. Felt , A. S. Grabell , D. Kessler , (2011). Inhibitory control and harsh discipline as predictors of externalizing problems in young children: A comparative study of U.S., Chinese, and Japanese preschoolers. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 11631175. doi:10.1007/s10802-011-9531-5

J. Oosterlaan , G. D. Logan , & J. A. Sergeant (1998). Response inhibition in AD/HD, CD, comorbid AD/HD+CD, anxious, and control children. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 39, 411425. doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00336

I. M. Orta , F. Corapci , B. Yagmurlu , & N. Aksan (2013). The mediational role of effortful control and emotional dysregulation in the link between maternal responsiveness and Turkish preschoolers' social competency and externalizing symptoms. Infant and Child Development, 22, 459479. doi:10.1002/icd.1806

I. T. Petersen , J. E. Bates , B. M. D'Onofrio , C. A. Coyne , J. E. Lansford , K. A. Dodge , (2013). Language ability predicts the development of behavior problems in children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 542557. doi:10.1037/a0031963

D. B. Pisoni , C. M. Conway , W. G. Kronenberger , D. L. Horn , J. Karpicke , & S. C. Henning (2008). Efficacy and effectiveness of cochlear implants in deaf children. In M. Marschark & P. C. Hauser (Eds.), Deaf cognition: Foundations and outcomes. Perspectives on deafness (pp. 52101). New York: Oxford University Press.

M. I. Posner , & M. K. Rothbart (2000). Developing mechanisms of self-regulation. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 427441. doi:10.1017/s0954579400003096

M. A. J. Raaijmakers , D. P. Smidts , J. A. Sergeant , G. H. Maassen , J. A. Posthumus , H. van Engeland , (2008). Executive functions in preschool children with aggressive behavior: Impairments in inhibitory control. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 10971107. doi:10.1007/s10802-008-9235-7

B. L. Rhoades , M. T. Greenberg , & C. E. Domitrovich (2009). The contribution of inhibitory control to preschoolers' social-emotional competence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 310320. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.012

C. K. P. Roben , P. M. Cole , & L. M. Armstrong (2013). Longitudinal relations among language skills, anger expression, and regulatory strategies in early childhood. Child Development, 84, 891905. doi:10.1111/cdev.12027

M. L. Rodriguez , W. Mischel , & Y. Shoda (1989). Cognitive person variables in the delay of gratification of older children at risk. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 358367. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.57.2.358

C. M. Roebers , & W. Schneider (2005). Individual differences in young children's suggestibility: Relations to event memory, language abilities, working memory, and executive functioning. Cognitive Development, 20, 427447. doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2005.05.006

J. Russell , C. Jarrold , & B. Hood (1999). Two intact executive capacities in children with autism: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 103112. doi:10.1023/a:1023084425406

J. M. Sattler , & R. D. Hoge (2006). Assessment of children: Behavioral, social, and clinical foundations (5th ed.). San Diego, CA: Jerome M. Sattler.

D. S. Shaw , E. B. Owens , J. Giovannelli , & E. B. Winslow (2001). Infant and toddler pathways leading to early externalizing disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 3643. doi:10.1097/00004583-200101000-00014

P. E. Shrout , & N. Bolger (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422445. doi:10.1037/1082-989X.7.4.422

D. Slaats-Willemse , H. Swaab-Barneveld , L. E. O. de Sonneville , E. van der Meulen , & J. A. N. Buitelaar (2003). Deficient response inhibition as a cognitive endophenotype of ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 12421248. doi:10.1097/00004583-200310000-00016

H. Stattin , & I. Klackenberg-Larsson (1993). Early language and intelligence development and their relationship to future criminal behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 369378. doi:10.1037/0021-843x.102.3.369

M. C. St. Clair , A. Pickles , K. Durkin , & G. Conti-Ramsden (2011). A longitudinal study of behavioral, emotional and social difficulties in individuals with a history of specific language impairment (SLI). Journal of Communication Disorders, 44, 186199. doi:10.1016/j.jcomdis.2010.09.004

J. Stevenson , D. McCann , P. Watkin , S. Worsfold , & C. Kennedy (2010). The relationship between language development and behaviour problems in children with hearing loss. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 51, 7783. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02124.x

E. Tirosh , & A. Cohen (1998). Language deficit with attention-deficit disorder: A prevalent comorbidity. Journal of Child Neurology, 13, 493497. doi:10.1177/088307389801301005

A. Ursache , C. Blair , & C. C. Raver (2012). The promotion of self-regulation as a means of enhancing school readiness and early achievement in children at risk for school failure. Child Development Perspectives, 6, 122128. doi:10.1111/j.1750-8606.2011.00209.x

C. Vallotton , & C. Ayoub (2011). Use your words: The role of language in the development of toddlers' self-regulation. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 26, 169181. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2010.09.002

M. van Elk , H. T. van Schie , R. A. Zwaan , & H. Bekkering (2010). The functional role of motor activation in language processing: Motor cortical oscillations support lexical–semantic retrieval. NeuroImage, 50, 665677. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.12.123

L. S. Vygotsky (1962). Thought and word. In L. S. Vygotsky, E. Hanfmann, & G. Vakar (Eds.), Thought and language: Studies in communication (pp. 119153). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

J. B. Willett , J. D. Singer , & N. C. Martin (1998). The design and analysis of longitudinal studies of development and psychopathology in context: Statistical models and methodological recommendations. Development and Psychopathology, 10, 395426. doi:10.1017/s0954579498001667

C. D. Wolfe , & M. A. Bell (2004). Working memory and inhibitory control in early childhood: Contributions from physiology, temperament, and language. Developmental Psychobiology, 44, 6883. doi:10.1002/dev.10152

C. D. Wolfe , & M. A. Bell (2007). Sources of variability in working memory in early childhood: A consideration of age, temperament, language, and brain electrical activity. Cognitive Development, 22, 431455. doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2007.08.007

S. G. K. Yew , & R. O'Kearney (2013). Emotional and behavioural outcomes later in childhood and adolescence for children with specific language impairments: Meta-analyses of controlled prospective studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54, 516524. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12009

S. E. Young , N. P. Friedman , A. Miyake , E. G. Willcutt , R. P. Corley , B. C. Haberstick , (2009). Behavioral disinhibition: Liability for externalizing spectrum disorders and its genetic and environmental relation to response inhibition across adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118, 117130. doi:10.1037/a0014657

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×