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Types and continua in developmental psychopathology: Problem behaviors in school and their relationship to later antisocial behavior

  • Lars R. Bergman (a1), Henrik Andershed (a2) and Anna-Karin Andershed (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

In the study of developmental psychopathology a dimensional, variable-oriented approach dominates over a typological approach. With the person-oriented research paradigm providing the metatheoretical framework, pros and cons of these two approaches are discussed, and it is pointed to different methodological realizations of the typological approach, and to the contexts where they might be appropriate. It is also pointed out that the two important and underused concepts of equifinality and multifinality with advantage can be incorporated in a person-oriented approach. An empirical example is given of the study of the structure of early adolescent problem behaviors and their relationship to later criminality where dimensional as well as typological analyses are carried out. The usefulness of the typological approach in studying the development and early manifestations of the personality disorder psychopathy is also discussed. It is concluded that the usefulness of a typological approach appears to be underestimated.

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Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Lars R. Bergman, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm 106 91, Sweden; E-mail: lrb@psychology.su.se.
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Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
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