Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Types and continua in developmental psychopathology: Problem behaviors in school and their relationship to later antisocial behavior

  • Lars R. Bergman (a1), Henrik Andershed (a2) and Anna-Karin Andershed (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

In the study of developmental psychopathology a dimensional, variable-oriented approach dominates over a typological approach. With the person-oriented research paradigm providing the metatheoretical framework, pros and cons of these two approaches are discussed, and it is pointed to different methodological realizations of the typological approach, and to the contexts where they might be appropriate. It is also pointed out that the two important and underused concepts of equifinality and multifinality with advantage can be incorporated in a person-oriented approach. An empirical example is given of the study of the structure of early adolescent problem behaviors and their relationship to later criminality where dimensional as well as typological analyses are carried out. The usefulness of the typological approach in studying the development and early manifestations of the personality disorder psychopathy is also discussed. It is concluded that the usefulness of a typological approach appears to be underestimated.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Lars R. Bergman, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm 106 91, Sweden; E-mail: lrb@psychology.su.se.
References
Hide All
Allport G. W. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
Andershed H. (in press). Stability and change of psychopathic traits: What do we know? In Salekin R. & Lynam D. (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press.
Andershed H., Köhler D., Eno Louden J., & Hinrichs G. (2008). Does the three-factor model of psychopathy identify a problematic subgroup of young offenders? International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31, 189198.
Bailey K. D. (1994). Typologies and taxonomies. an introduction to classification techniques. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Barton S. (1994). Chaos, self-organisation, and psychology. American Psychologist, 49, 514.
Beauchaine T. P. (2003). Taxometrics and developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 501527.
Bergman L. R. (1988a). Modeling reality: Some comments. In Rutter M. (Ed.), Studies of psychosocial risk (pp. 354366). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bergman L. R. (1988b). You can't classify all of the people all of the time. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 23, 425441.
Bergman L. R. (1998). A pattern-oriented approach to studying individual development: Snapshots and processes. In Cairns R. B., Bergman L. R., & Kagan J. (Eds.), Methods and models for studying the individual. New York: Sage.
Bergman L. R. (2000). The application of a person-oriented approach: Types and clusters. In Bergman L. R., Cairns R. B., Nilsson L.-G., & Nystedt L. (Eds.), Developmental science and the holistic approach. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bergman L. R., & Daukantaite D. (in press). Stability of typical patterns of subjective well-being in middle-aged Swedish women. Journal of Happiness Studies.
Bergman L. R., Eklund G. & Magnusson D. (1991). Studying individual development: Problems and methods. In Magnusson D., Bergman L. R., Rudinger G., & Törestad B. (Eds.), Problems and methods in longitudinal research: Stability and change (pp. 127). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bergman L. R., & El-Khouri B. M. (2001). Developmental processes and the modern typological perspective. European Psychologist, 6, 177186.
Bergman L. R., & Magnusson D. (1991). Stability and change in patterns of extrinsic adjustment problems. In Magnusson D., Bergman L. R., Rudinger G., & Törestad B. (Eds.), Problems and methods in longitudinal research: Stability and change (pp. 323346). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bergman L. R., & Magnusson D. (1997). A person-oriented approach in research on developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 291319.
Bergman L. R., Magnusson D., & El-Khouri B. M. (2003). Studying individual development in an interindividual context: A person-oriented approach. In Magnusson D. (Ed.), Paths through life (Vol. 4). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Bergman L. R., & Trost K. (2006). The person-oriented versus the variable-oriented approach: Are they complementary, opposites, or exploring different worlds? Merrill–Palmer Quarterly, 52, 601632.
Bergman L. R., von Eye A., & Magnusson D. (2006). Person-oriented research strategies in developmental psychopathology. In Cicchetti D. & Cohen D. J. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 1. Theory and method (pp. 850888). New York: Wiley.
Blashfield R. K. (1980). The growth of cluster analysis: Tryon, Ward, and Johnson. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 15, 439458.
Block J. (1971). Lives through time. Berkeley, CA: Bancroft Books.
Boker S. M. (2002). Consequences of continuity: The hunt for intrinsic properties within parameters of dynamics in psychological processes. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 37, 405422.
Cairns R. B. (1986). Phenomena lost: Issues in the study of development. In Valsiner J. (Ed.), The individual subject and scientific psychology (pp. 79112). New York: Plenum Press.
Cairns R. B., Elder G. H. Jr., & Costello E. J. (1996). Developmental science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cairns R. B., & Rodkin P. C. (1998). Phenomena regained: From configurations to pathways. In Cairns R. B., Bergman L. R., & Kagan J. (Eds.), Methods and models for studying the individual (pp. 245263). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Carlson R. (1971). Where is the person in personality research? Psychological Bulletin, 5, 203219.
Cattell R. B. (1957). Personality and motivation structure and measurement. New York: World Books.
Cicchetti D. (1993). Developmental psychopathology: Reactions, reflections, projections. Developmental Review, 13, 471502.
Cicchetti D. (2006). Development and psychopathology. In Cicchetti D. & Cohen D. J. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 1. Theory and method (pp. 123). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Cicchetti D., & Rogosch F. A. (1996). Equifinality and multifinality in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 597600.
Cicchetti D., & Tucker D. (1994). Development and self-regulatory structures of the mind. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 533549.
Collins L. M., & Wugalter S. E. (1992). Latent class models for stage-sequential dynamic latent variables. Multivariable Behavioral Research, 27, 131157.
Cronbach L. (1975). Beyond the two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist, 30, 116127.
Devaney R. L. (1989). An introduction to chaotic dynamical systems. Redwood City, CA: Addison–Wesley.
Ekman G. (1951). On typological and dimensional systems of reference in describing personality. Acta Psychologica, 8, 124.
Frick P. J., & White S. F. (2008). The importance of callous–unemotional traits for the development of aggressive and antisocial behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 359375.
Forth A. E., & Book A. S. (2007). Psychopathy in youth: A valid construct. In Hervé H. & Yuille J. C. (Eds.), The psychopath—Theory, research, and practice (pp. 369387). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Forth A. E., Kosson D. S., & Hare R. D. (2003). The Hare PCL:YV. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Gangestad S., & Snyder M. (1985). To carve nature at its joints: On the existence of discrete classes in personality. Psychological Review, 92, 317349.
Gottlieb G. (1996). A systems view of psychobiological development. In Magnusson D. (Ed.), The life-span development of individuals: Behavioral, neurobiological and psychosocial perspectives. A synthesis (pp. 76103). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Granic I., & Hollenstein T. (2006). A survey of dynamic systems methods for developmental psychopathology. In Cicchetti D. & Cohen D. J. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 1. Theory and method (pp. 889930). New York: Wiley.
Hare R. D. (2003). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist, revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Kazdin A. E. (2001). Treatment of conduct disorders. I. In Maughan B. & Hill J. (Eds.), Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence (pp. 408448). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kelso J. A. (2000). Principles of dynamic pattern formation and change for a science of human behaviour. In Bergman L. R., Cairns R. B., Nilsson L.-G., & Nystedt L. (Eds.), Developmental science and the holistic approach. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Krauth J., & Lienert G. A. (1982). Fundamentals and modifications of configural frequency analysis (CFA). Interdisciplinaria, 3, 114.
Kretschmer E. (1922). Physique and character (4th ed.). Berlin: Springer.
Lerner R. M. (1991). Changing organism–context relations as the basis of development: A developmental contextual perspective. Developmental Psychology, 27, 2732.
Lewin K. (1954). Behavior and development as a function of the total situation. In Carmichael L. (Ed.), Manual of child psychology (2nd ed., pp. 918983). New York: Wiley.
Magnusson D. (1985). Implications of an interactional paradigm for research on human development. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 8, 115137.
Magnusson D. (1988). Individual development from an interactional perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Magnusson D. (1992). Back to the phenomena: Theory, methods, and statistics in psychological research. European Journal of Personality, 6, 114.
Magnusson D. (Ed.). (1996). The life-span development of individuals: Behavioral, neurobiological and psychosocial perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Magnusson D., & Törestad B. (1993). A holistic view of personality: A model revisited. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 427452.
Meehl P. E. (1992). Factors and taxa, traits and types, differences of degree and differences in kind. Journal of Personality, 60, 117174.
Moadab M. (1998). En simuleringsstudie rörande känsligheten för samplingvariation vid klusteranalys [A simulation study concerning the sensitivity to sampling variation in cluster analysis]. Master's thesis, Stockholm University, Department of Statistics.
Molenaar P. C. M. (2004). A manifesto on Psychology as idiographic science: Bringing the person back into scientific psychology, this time forever. Measurement, 2, 201218.
Nesselroade J. R., & Ford D. H. (1987). Methodological considerations in modeling living systems. In Ford M. E. & Ford D. H. (Eds.), Humans as self-constructing living systems. Putting the framework to work (pp. 4779). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Robins L. N. (1966). Deviant children grown up: A sociological and psychiatric study of sociopathic personality. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
Smith L. B., & Thelen E. (1993). A dynamic systems approach to development. Applications. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Sroufe L. A., & Rutter M. (1984). The domain of developmental psychopathology. Child Development, 55, 1729.
Stern W. (1911). Die Differentielle Psychologie in Ihren Methodischen Grundlagen [Differential psychology in its methodological basis]. Leipzig: Verlag von Johann A. Barth.
Stern W. (1917). Die Psychologie und der Personalismus. Leipzig: Barth.
Vincent G. M., Vitacco M. J., Grisso T., & Corrado R. R. (2003). Subtypes of adolescent offenders: Affective traits and antisocial behavior patterns. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 21, 695712.
Von Bertalanffy L. (1968). General system theory. New York: Braziller.
Von Eye A. (1990). Introduction to configural frequency analysis. The search for types and antitypes in cross classifications. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Von Eye A., & Bergman L. R. (2003). Research strategies in developmental psychopathology: Dimensional identity and the person-oriented approach. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 553580.
Von Eye A., & Schuster C. (2000). The road to freedom: Quantitative developmental methodology in the third millennium. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24, 3543.
Waller N. G., & Meehl P. E. (1998). Multivariate taxometric procedures. Distinguishing types from continua. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 64 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 268 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.