Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cohen, Philip 2016. Maternal Age and Infant Mortality for White, Black, and Mexican Mothers in the United States. Sociological Science, Vol. 3, p. 32.


    ×
  • Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, Volume 10, Issue 1
  • April 2013, pp. 205-231

RACIAL/ETHNIC DISPARITIES IN INFANT MORTALITY AMONG U.S. LATINOS: A Test of the Segmented Racialization Hypothesis1

  • Brenda L. Henry-Sanchez (a1) and Arline T. Geronimus (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1742058X13000064
  • Published online: 10 June 2013
Abstract
Abstract

Despite shared colonization histories between the United States and Latin America, research examining racial disparities in health in the United States has often neglected Latinos. Additionally, descendants from Latin America residing in the United States are often categorized under the pan-ethnic label of Hispanic or Latino. This categorization obscures the group's heterogeneity, which is illuminated by research showing consistent differences in health for the three largest segments of the Latino population—Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans. We examine whether the patterns of infant mortality associated with race in the non-Latino population also follow for Latinos. We also examine whether we can attribute patterns of infant mortality between the three largest Latino sub-groups to a process we term segmented racialization. We find that race operates for Latinos the same way it does for the non-Latino population and that there seems to be some evidence to support our segmented racialization hypothesis. The results point to the need to abandon the practices of combining Latino sub-groups as well as ignoring the racial diversity within the Latino population in health research.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Brenda Liz Henry-Sanchez, Senior Program Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Route 1 and College Road East, Princeton, NJ 08543. E-mail: bhenry@rwjf.org
Footnotes
Hide All

The authors wish to acknowledge Ana Diez-Roux, Gilbert Gee, Harold Neighbors, and three anonymous reviewers for comments on an earlier draft of this paper. Study analyses were supported, in part, by the University of Michigan's Rackham Merit Fellowship Program, Rackham One-Term Dissertation Program, and Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture, and Health Doctoral Training Program (funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences), and a fellowship from the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University.

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Dolores Acevedo-García , Mah-J Soobader, and Lisa F. Berkman (2007). Low Birthweight among U.S. Hispanic/Latino Subgroups: The Effect of Maternal Foreign-Born Status and Education. Social Science and Medicine, 65: 25032516.

Rohit Barot and John Bird (2001). Racialization: The Genealogy and Critique of a Concept. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 24(4): 601618.

Eduardo Bonilla-Silva (2004). From Bi-Racial to Tri-Racial: Towards a New System of Racial Stratification in the U.S.A. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 27(6): 931950.

Luisa N. Borrell and Florence Dallo (2008). Self-Rated Health and Race among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Adults. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 10(3): 229238.

Devon W. Carbado (2005). Racial Naturalization. American Quarterly, 57(3): 633658.

Virgina R. Chomitz , Lillian W.Y. Cheung, and Ellice Lieberman (1995). The Role of Lifestyle in Preventing Low Birth Weight. The Future of Children, 5: 121138.

Cynthia G. Colen , Arline T. Geronimus, John Bound, and Sherman James (2006). Maternal Upward Socioeconomic Mobility and Black-White Disparities in Infant Birthweight. American Journal of Public Health, 96(11): 20322039.

Carrie Crenshaw (1997). Resisting Whiteness' Rhetorical Silence. Western Journal of Communication, 61(3): 253278.

Ariel E. Dulitsky (2005). A Region in Denial: Racial Discrimination and Racism in Latin America. In Anani Dzidzienyo and Susan Oboler (Eds.), Neither Enemies nor Friends: Latinos, Blacks, Afro-Latinos, pp. 3960. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

William A. Engle and the Committee on Fetus and Newborn (2008). Surfactant-Replacement Therapy for Respiratory Distress in the Preterm and Term Neonate. Pediatrics, 121: 419432.

Sue Fisher and Stephen B. Groce (1985). Doctor-Patient Negotiation of Cultural Assumptions. Sociology of Health and Illness, 7(3): 342–74.

Tyrone Forman , Carla Goar, and Amanda E. Lewis (2004). Neither Black nor White?: An Empirical Test of the Latin Americanization Thesis. Race and Society, 5(1): 6584.

W. Parker Frisbie , Seung-eun Song, Daniel A. Powers, and Julie A. Street (2004). The Increasing Racial Disparity in Infant Mortality: Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Other Causes. Demography, 41(4): 773800.

Elena Fuentes-Afflick and Peter Lurie (1997). Low Birth Weight and Latino Ethnicity. Examining the Epidemiologic Paradox. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 151(7): 665674.

Arline T. Geronimus (1986). The Effects of Race, Residence, and Prenatal Care on the Relationship of Maternal Age to Neonatal Mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 76: 14161421.

Arline T. Geronimus (1987). On Teenage Childbearing and Neonatal Mortality in the United States. Population and Development Review, 13(2): 245279.

Arline T. Geronimus (1996). Black/White Differences in the Relationship of Maternal Age to Birthweight: A Population-Based Test of the Weathering Hypothesis. Social Science and Medicine, 42(4): 589597.

Arline T. Geronimus , Margaret Hicken, Danya Keene, and John Bound (2006). “Weathering” and Age-Patterns of Allostatic Load Scores among Blacks and Whites in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 96(5): 826833.

Arline T. Geronimus , Margaret T. Hicken, Jay A. Pearson, Sarah J. Seashols, Kelly L. Brown, and Tracey Dawson Cruz (2010). Do U.S. Black Women Experience Stress-Related Accelerated Biological Aging?: A Novel Theory and First Population-Based Test of Black-White Differences in Telomere Length. Human Nature, 21(1): 1938.

Tanya Golash-Boza (2006). Dropping the Hyphen? Becoming Latino(a)-American through Racialized Assimilation. Social Forces, 85(1): 2755.

C. Holzman , Janet Eyster, Mary Kleyn, Lynn C. Messer, Jay S. Kaufman, Barbara A. Laraia, Patricia O'Campo, Jessica G. Burke, Jennifer Culhane, and Irma T. Elo (2009). Maternal Weathering and Risk of Preterm Delivery. American Journal of Public Health, 99(10): 18641871.

Robert A. Hummer , Daniel A. Powers, Starling G. Pullum, Ginger L. Gossman, and W. Parker Frisbie (2007). Paradox Found (Again): Infant Mortality among the Mexican-Origin Population in the United States. Demography, 44(3): 441457.

Joel C. Kleinman and Samuel S. Kessel (1987). Racial Differences in Low Birth Weight: Trends and Risk Factors. The New England Journal of Medicine, 317(12): 749753.

Susan Koshy (2001). Morphing Race into Ethnicity: Asian Americans and Critical Transformations of Whiteness. Boundary 2, 28(1): 153194.

Milton Kotelchuck (1994). An Evaluation of the Kessner Adequacy of Prenatal Care Index and a Proposed Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index. American Journal of Public Health, 84(9): 14141420.

Nancy S. Landale and Ralph S. Oropesa (2005). What Does Skin Color Have to Do With Infant Health?: An Analysis of Low Birth Weight among Mainland and Island Puerto Ricans. Social Science and Medicine, 61(2): 379391.

Marsha Lillie-Blanton , P. Ellen Parsons, Helene Gayle, and Anne Dievler (1996). Racial Differences in Health: Not Just Black and White, But Shades of Gray. Annual Review of Public Health, 17(1): 411448.

Bruce G. Link and Jo Phelan (1995). Social Conditions as Fundamental Causes of Disease. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, (Extra Issue): 8094.

Bruce G. Link and Jo Phelan (1996). Understanding Sociodemographic Differences in Health: The Role of Fundamental Social Causes. American Journal of Public Health, 86: 471473.

Catherine Love , Richard J. David, Kristin M. Rankin, and James W. Collins (2010). Exploring Weathering: Effects of Lifelong Economic Environment and Maternal Age on Low Birth Weight, Small for Gestational Age, and Preterm Birth in African-American and White Women. American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(2): 127134.

Michael C. Lu and Neal Halfon (2003). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Birth Outcomes: A Life-Course Perspective. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 7(1): 1330.

Michael H. Malloy and Daniel H. Freeman (2000). Respiratory Distress Syndrome Mortality in the United States, 1987 to 1995. Journal of Perinatology, 20(7): 414420.

Kyriakos S. Markides and Karl Eschbach (2005). Aging, Migration and Mortality: Current Status of Research on the Hispanic Paradox. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Social Sciences and Psychological Sciences, 60(Special Issue 2): S68S75.

Sylvia A. Marotta and Jorge G. Garcia (2003). Latinos in the United States in 2000. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 25(1): 1334.

Douglas S. Massey and Brooks Bitterman (1985). Explaining the Paradox of Puerto Rican Segregation. Social Forces, 64(2): 306331.

Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton (1989). Hypersegregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segregation along Five Dimensions. Demography, 26(3): 373391.

Vickie M. Mays , Ninez A. Ponce, Donna L. Washington, and Susan D. Cochran (2003). Classification of Race and Ethnicity: Implications for Public Health. Annual Review of Public Health, 24: 83110.

Patricia O'Campo , Xiaonan Xue, Mei-Cheng Wang, and Margaret O'Brien Caughy (1997). Neighborhood Risk Factors for Low Birthweight in Baltimore: A Multilevel Analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 87(7): 11131118.

Theresa L. Osypuk and Dolores Acevedo-García (2008). Are Racial Disparities in Preterm Birth Larger in Hypersegregated Areas? American Journal of Epidemiology, 167(11): 12951304.

Alberto Palloni and Elizabeth Arias (2004). Paradox Lost: Explaining the Hispanic Adult Mortality Advantage. Demography, 41(3): 385415.

Alberto Palloni and Jeffrey D. Morenoff (2001). Interpreting the Paradoxical in the Hispanic Paradox: Demographic and Epidemiologic Approaches. The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 954: 140174.

Alejandro Portes and Min Zhou (1993). The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and its Variants. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 530(1): 7496.

Virginia A. Rauh , Howard F. Andrews, and Robin S. Garfinkel (2001). The Contribution of Maternal Age to Racial Disparities in Birthweight: A Multilevel Perspective. American Journal of Public Health, 91(11): 18151824.

Nancy E. Reichman and Deanna L. Pagnini (1997). Maternal Age and Birth Outcomes: Data from New Jersey. Family Planning Perspectives, 29(6): 268–272, 295.

Janet W. Rich-Edwards , Stephen L. Buka, Robert T. Brennan, and Felton Earls (2003). Diverging Associations of Maternal Age with Low Birthweight for Black and White Mothers. International Journal of Epidemiology, 32(1): 8390.

Ira M. Rosenwaike (1987). Mortality Differentials among Persons Born in Cuba, Mexico, and Puerto Rico Residing in the United States, 1979–81. American Journal of Public Health, 77(5): 603606.

Kevin A. Schulman , Jesse A. Berlin, William Harless, Jon F. Kerner, Shryl Sistrunk, Bernard J. Gersh, Ross Dube, Christopher K. Taleghani, Jennifer E. Burke, Sankey Williams, John M. Eisenberg, and Jose J. Escarce (1999). The Effect of Race and Sex on Physicians' Recommendations for Cardiac Catheterization. The New England Journal of Medicine, 340: 618626.

Richard Scribner (1996). Editorial: Paradox as Paradigm—the Health Outcomes of Mexican Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 86(3): 303305.

Daniel J. Sharfstein (2003). The Secret History of Race in the United States. The Yale Law Journal, 112(6): 14731509.

Gopal K. Singh and Stella M. Yu (1996). Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: Differences Between US- and Foreign-Born Women in Major US Racial and Ethnic Groups. American Journal of Public Health, 86: 837843.

Silvio Torres-Saillant (2005). Racism in the Americas and the Latino Scholar. In Anani Dzidzienyo and Suzanne Oboler (Eds.), Neither Enemies Nor Friends: Latinos, Blacks, Afro-Latinos, pp. 281304. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Javier Valero de Bernabe , Trinidad Soriano, Romana Albaladejo, Margarita Juarranz, Marisa Elisa Calle, David Martinez, and Vicente Dominquez-Roja (2004). Risk Factors for Low Birth Weight: A Review. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 116(1): 315.

Michelle van Ryn and Steven S. Fu (2003). Paved with Good Intentions: Do Public Health and Human Service Providers Contribute to Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health? American Journal of Public Health, 93(2): 248255.

William A. Vega and Hortensia Amaro (1994). Latino Outlook: Good Health, Uncertain Prognosis. Annual Review of Public Health, 15: 3967.

Min Zhou (1997). Segmented Assimilation: Issues, Controversies, and Recent Research on the New Second Generation. International Migration Review, 31(4): 9751008.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
  • ISSN: 1742-058X
  • EISSN: 1742-0598
  • URL: /core/journals/du-bois-review-social-science-research-on-race
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: