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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 February 2015

Pierre Courtois
INRA, UMR 1135 LAMETA, 2 place Viala, F-34000 Montpellier, France. Email: URL:
Rabia Nessah
IESEG, School of Management, UMR 8179 LEM, 3 rue de la Digue, F-59000 Lille, France. Email:
Tarik Tazdaït
CNRS, EHESS, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, UMR 8568 CIRED, 45 bis avenue de la Belle Gabrielle, F-94000 Nogent sur Marne, France. Email:


Assuming that in order to best achieve their goal, individuals adapt their behaviour to the game situation, this paper examines the appropriateness of the Berge behaviour rule and equilibrium as a complement to Nash. We define a Berge equilibrium and explain what it means to play in this fashion. We analyse the rationale of individuals playing in a situational manner, and establish an operational approach that describes the circumstances under which the same individual might play in one fashion versus another.

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