Skip to main content


  • Zhaoran Xu (a1), †B. L. Burtt (a2), L. E. Skog (a3) and D. J. Middleton (a2)

The genus Paraboea Ridl. (Gesneriaceae) is revised. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, southern China, India (Assam), Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi), Laos, Malaysia (Peninsular and Borneo), Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, mostly from limestone habitats. Eighty-nine species and five varieties are recognised. Four new species and one new variety are described: Paraboea apiensis Z.R.Xu, Paraboea argentea Z.R.Xu, Paraboea graniticola Z.R.Xu, Paraboea paraprimuloides Z.R.Xu and Paraboea harroviana var. ovata Z.R.Xu. In addition two taxa are highlighted as possible new species but are not described here due to insufficient material. The treatment includes one new combination for a species, Paraboea harroviana (Craib) Z.R.Xu, one new combination for a variety, Paraboea schefferi var. ambigua (C.B.Clarke) Z.R.Xu, one new status for a variety, Paraboea rufescens var. tomentosa (Barnett) Z.R.Xu, and one new name, Paraboea primuloides Z.R.Xu. Fifty-one line drawings are included. A key is presented and all taxa are described. Preliminary conservation assessments are given.

Hide All
Barnett E. C. (1961). Contributions to the Flora of Thailand: LV. Kew Bull. 15: 249259.
Burtt B. L. (1941). Paraboea glabrisepala. Kew Bull. 1941: 21.
Burtt B. L. (1948). A note on Paraboea. Kew Bull. 1948: 5556.
Burtt B. L. (1954). Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World: II – Types and lectotypes of certain genera and groups of lower rank. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 193208.
Burtt B. L. (1971). Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World: XXXIV – A miscellany from South Eastern Asia. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31: 3552.
Burtt B. L. (1984). Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World: XLVII – Revised generic concepts for Boea and its allies. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 401452.
Clarke C. B. (1883). Cyrtandreae. In: de Candolle A. & de Candolle C., Monographie Phanerogamarum 5: 1303.
Clements R., Sodhi N. S., Schilthuizen M. & Ng P. K. L. (2006). Limestone karsts of Southeast Asia: imperiled arks of biodiversity. BioScience 56: 733742.
Craib W. G. (1916). Contributions to the Flora of Siam. Additamentum IX. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1916: 259269.
Forbes H. O. (1882). On two new, and one wrongly referred, Cyrtandraceae. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 297298.
Fritsch K. (1894). Gesneriaceae. In: Engler A. & Prantl K., Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 4(3B): 133185. Leipzig: W. Engelmann.
IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1. Gland and Cambridge: IUCN Species Survival Commission.
Johns R. J. (1995). Malesia – An Introduction. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 5262.
Kiew R. (1998). The unique elements of the limestone flora of the Batu Tengar Cave (Segarong), Sabah, Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Singapore 50: 185196.
Léveillé A. A. H. (1914). Flore du Kouy-Tchéou. Autographée en Partie par l'Auteur H. Léveillé. Le Mans.
McNeill J., Barrie F. R., Burdet H. M., Demoulin V., Hawksworth D. L., Marhold K., Nicolson D. H., Prado J., Silva P. C., Skog J. E., Wiersema J. H. & Turland N. J. (2006). International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code) [Regnum Veg. vol. 146]. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag KG.
Middleton D. J. (2003). Progress on the Flora of Thailand. Telopea 10: 3342.
Nguyen T. H. & Kiew R. (2000). New and interesting plants from Ha Long Bay, Vietnam. Gard. Bull. Singapore 52: 185202.
Oliver D. (1887). Phylloboea sinensis Oliv. Hook. Ic. Pl. 18: t.1721.
Pan K. Y. (1988). Notulae de Gesneriaceis Sinensibus: 9. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 26: 429442.
Pellegrin F. (1930). Gesnéracées. In: Lecomte M. H., Flore Générale de l'Indo-Chine 4: 487565.
Pooma R. (ed.) (2005). A preliminary checklist of threatened plants in Thailand. National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
Ridley H. N. (1896). Cyrtandraceae Malayenses. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 497528.
Ridley H. N. (1905). The Gesneraceae of the Malay Peninsula. J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 43: 192.
Ridley H. N. (1929). New species from the Malay Peninsula and Borneo. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 254262.
Stapf O. (1913). LVI – Decades Kewenses. Plantarum Novarum in Herbario Horti Regii Conservatum. Decas LXXXV. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1913: 352358.
Wang W.-T., Pan K.-Y. & Li Z.-Y. (1990). Gesneriaceae. Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 69: 125581. Beijing: Science Press.
Weber A. (1973). Die Struktur der paarblütigen Partialfloreszenzen der Gesneriaceen und bestimmter Scrophulariaceen. Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 49: 429460.
Weber A. (1982). Evolution and radiation of the pair-flowered cyme in Gesneriaceae. Newslett. Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. 30: 2341.
Weber A. (2004). Gesneriaceae. In: Kubitzki K. & Kadereit J. W. (eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Vol. 7. Dicotyledons. Lamiales (except Acanthaceae incl. Avicenniaceae). Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.
Xu Z. R. & Burtt B. L. (1991). Towards a revision of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae): I. Edinburgh J. Bot. 48(1): 118.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Edinburgh Journal of Botany
  • ISSN: 0960-4286
  • EISSN: 1474-0036
  • URL: /core/journals/edinburgh-journal-of-botany
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 8 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 113 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.