Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The role and status of English in Turkish higher education: English is the language of instruction in around 20% of the programs in Turkish universities

  • Beril T. Arik and Engin Arik

Extract

Kachru's (1992) Eccentric Circles framework has been very influential in understanding and explaining trends in the unprecedented spread of English around the world. However, so far the research within the World Englishes paradigm has focused mostly on Inner and Outer Circle countries and their English varieties (Seidlhofer, 2009), rather than Expanding Circle countries. While Expanding Circle countries in Asia (e.g. Chang, 2006) or parts of the European Union (e.g. Coleman, 2006) have been gaining increasing attention in recent years, Expanding Circle countries like Turkey have not been examined to the same degree. Notable exceptions include Doğançay-Aktuna (1998), Büyükkantarcı (2004), and Selvi (2011), which we summarize below. As in many Expanding Circle countries, the spread of English has not been equally distributed in all domains of life in Turkey. For example, little is known in the field regarding English in the higher education context compared with other domains, such as language policy, business, or media, both in Turkey and in other Expanding Circle countries. We address this issue through this study.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Altbach, P. & Knight, J. 2007. ‘The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities.’ Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3/4), 290305.
Büyükkantarcı, N. 2004. ‘A sociolinguistic analysis of the present dimensions of the sociology of language.’ International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 165, 3358.
Callahan, E. & Herring, S. C. 2012. ‘Language choice on university websites: longitudinal trends.’ International Journal of Communication, 6, 322355.
Chang, J. Y. 2006. ‘Globalization and English in Chinese higher education.’ World Englishes, 25(3–4), 513525.
Coleman, J. A. 2006. ‘English-medium teaching in European higher education.’ Language Teaching, 39, 114.
Dimova, S. 2003. ‘Teaching and learning English in Macedonia.’ English Today, 19(4), 1622.
Doğançay-Aktuna, S. 1998. ‘The spread of English in Turkey and its current sociolinguistic profile.’ Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19, 2439.
Doğançay-Aktuna, S. & Kızıltepe, Z. 2005. ‘English in Turkey.’ World Englishes, 24(2), 253265.
Dois, A., Lasagabaster, D. & Sierra, J. M. (eds.) 2013. English-Medium Instruction at Universities: Global Challenges. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Erçetin, S. 2006. ‘Turkish higher education institutions in Bologna process.’ Humanity & Social Sciences Journal, 1(1), 1827.
Furuzan, V. G. 2012. ‘Adaptation to the Bologna process: The case of Turkey.’ Excellence in Higher Education, 3(2), 104110.
Hu, G. 2009. ‘The craze for English-medium education in China: driving forces and looming consequences.’ English Today, 25(4), 4754.
Hu, G., Li, L. & Lei, J. 2013. ‘English-medium instruction at a Chinese university: rhetoric and reality.’ Language Policy. (Published online: 11 October 2013). doi: 10.1007/s10993-013-9298-3.
Kachru, B. B. 1992. ‘Models for non-native Englishes.’ In Kachru, B. B. (ed.), The Other Tongue: English across Cultures, 2nd edn.Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, pp. 4874.
Kang, H. 2012. ‘English-only instruction at Korean universities: help or hindrance to higher learning?English Today, 28(1), 2934.
Kim, H. 2006. ‘World Englishes in language testing: a call for research.’ English Today, 22(4), 3239.
Kırkgöz, Y. 2005. ‘Motivation and student perception of studying in an English-medium university.’ Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 1(1), 101123.
Kırkgöz, Y. 2007. ‘English language teaching in Turkey: policy changes and their implementations.’ Regional Language Center Journal, 38(2), 216228.
Kırkgöz, Y. 2009. ‘Globalization and English language policy in Turkey.’ Educational Policy, 23(5), 663684.
Kirkpatrick, A. 2012. ‘English as an international language in Asia: implications for language education.’ Multilingual Education, 1, 2944.
Lowenberg, P. 2002. ‘Assessing English proficiency in the expanding circle.’ World Englishes, 21(3), 431435.
Maiworm, F. & Wachter, B. 2002. English-Language-Taught Degree Programmes in European Higher Education: Trends and Success Factors. Bonn: Lemmens.
Manh, L. D. 2012. ‘English as a medium of instruction in Asian universities: the case of Vietnam.’ Language Education in Asia, 3(2), 263267.
Oikonomidis, A. 2003. ‘The impact of English in Greece.’ English Today, 19(2), 5561.
ÖSYM. 2013. ‘Tablo 4. Merkezi Yerleştirme İle Öğrenci Alan Yükseköğretim Lisans Programları.’ Online at http://dokuman.osym.gov.tr/pdfdokuman/2013/OSYS/Tablo4.pdf (Accessed 10 September 2013).
Seidlhofer, B. 2009. ‘Common ground and different realities: World Englishes and English as a lingua franca.’ World Englishes, 28(2), 236245.
Selvi, A. F. 2011. ‘World Englishes in the Turkish sociolinguistic context.’ World Englishes, 30, 182199.
Sert, N. 2008. ‘Language of instruction dilemma in the Turkish context.’ System, 36(2), 156171.
Shafiyeva, U. & Kennedy, S. 2010. ‘English as a foreign language in Azerbaijan: English teaching in the post-Soviet era.’ English Today, 26(1), 914.
Stephen, J. 2013. ‘English in Malaysia: A case of the past that never really went away?English Today, 29(2), 38.
Varghese, N. 2008. Globalization of Higher Education and Cross-border Student Mobility. Paris: UNESCO, International Institute for Education Planning.
Yağmur, K. 1997. ‘Türkçe söylemde yabancı sözcük kullanımının simgesel anlamı ve dil tutumları.’ In Zeyrek, D. & Ruhi, Ş. (eds.), XI Dilbilim Kurultayı: Bildiriler. Ankara: ODTÜ, pp. 129138.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed