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Dynamics of China's regional development and pollution: an investigation into the Environmental Kuznets Curve

  • HENRI L.F. De GROOT (a1), CEES A. WITHAGEN (a2) and ZHOU MINLIANG (a3)
Abstract

This paper addresses the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve for China, using a sample of 30 regions, covering the period 1982–1997. The types of pollution included are wastewater, waste gas, and solid waste. We consider the development of the sources of pollution in a pooled cross-section analysis with pollution in absolute levels, in per capita terms, and relative to real Gross Regional Product (GRP). At intermediate levels of GRP per capita, the increase of solid and gas emissions tends to decelerate, but it accelerates again at high levels of GRP per capita. Water pollution decreases with per capita GRP. We also predict future waste gas emissions.

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We would like to thank Herman Vollebergh and two anonymous referees of this journal for stimulating and useful comments on an earlier version of this paper. Henri de Groot would like to thank NWO for financial support.
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Environment and Development Economics
  • ISSN: 1355-770X
  • EISSN: 1469-4395
  • URL: /core/journals/environment-and-development-economics
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