Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-j7tnp Total loading time: 0.447 Render date: 2021-07-30T12:03:11.639Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Islands: balancing development and sustainability?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2018

JOHN CONNELL
Affiliation:
University of Sydney – School of Geosciences, Sydney, NSW2006, Australia
Corresponding

Summary

This overview explores sustainable development in island contexts. More subtle and complex concepts of sustainable development have become manifest in the Sustainable Development Goals, with tensions between social, economic and environmental objectives at different scales as livelihoods acquire greater flexibility and islands face multiple challenges to development. Islands are part of rapidly changing and wider worlds, while sustainability is complicated by global change, as debates over strategies and time periods are accentuated in constrained island contexts. Development and sustainability have repeatedly acquired new meanings, hence requiring new analytical techniques, planning objectives and effective governance and management. Progress towards sustainable development in islands and island states is hampered by multi-scalar challenges, including limited biodiversity, migration, external interventions and directives, scarce human resources, weak management, inadequate data (and problems of interpretation), social divisions and tensions and simultaneous quests for modernity and conservation. The tourism sector emphasizes how sustainable development is particularly difficult to achieve in small islands where access to adequate livelihoods is important and limited change is possible.

Type
Subject Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abdulai, A. (2017) Rethinking spatial inequality in development: The primacy of power relations. Journal of International Development 29: 386403.Google Scholar
Andréfouët, S., van Wynsberge, S., Kabbadj, L. et al. (2017) Adaptive management for the sustainable exploitation of lagoon resources in remote islands: Lessons from a massive El Niño-induced giant clam bleaching event in the Tuamotu atolls (French Polynesia). Environmental Conservation. Epub ahead of print. doi:10.1017/S0376892917000212.Google Scholar
Aswani, S., Albert, S. & Love, M. (2017) One size does not fit all: Critical insights for effective community-based resource management in Melanesia. Marine Policy 81: 381391.Google Scholar
Baldacchino, G. (2012) Come visit, but don't overstay: Critiquing a welcoming society. International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research 6 (2): 145153.Google Scholar
Baldacchino, G. & Kelman, I. (2014) Critiquing the pursuit of island sustainability. Shima 8 (2): 121.Google Scholar
Baldwin, J. (2005) The contested beach: Resistance and resort development in Antigua, West Indies. In: Seductions of Place: Geographical Perspectives on Globalization and Touristed Landscapes, eds. Cartier, C., Lew, A., pp. 222241. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Banos-Gonzalez, I., Martinez-Fernandez, J. & Esteve, M. (2016) Tools for sustainability assessment in island socio-ecological systems: An application to the Canary Islands. Island Studies Journal 11 (6): 934.Google Scholar
Bell, S. & Morse, S. (2008) Sustainability Indicators: Measuring the Immeasurable. London, UK: Earthscan.Google Scholar
Beller, W., d'Ayala, P. & Hein, P., eds. (1990) Sustainable Development and Environmental Management of Small Islands, Paris, France: UNESCO.Google Scholar
Benitez-Capistros, F., Hugé, J., Dahdouh-Guebas, F. & Koedam, N. (2016) Exploring conservation discourse in the Galapagos Islands: A case study of the Galapagos giant tortoises. Ambio 45: 706724.Google ScholarPubMed
Bennett, N., Govan, H. & Satterfield, T. (2015) Ocean grabbing. Marine Policy 57: 6168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertram, G. & Watters, R. (1985) The MIRAB economy in South Pacific microstates. Pacific Viewpoint 26: 497520.Google Scholar
Bianchi, R. (2004) Tourism restructuring and the politics of sustainability: A critical view from the European periphery (the Canary Islands). Journal of Sustainable Tourism 12: 495529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blancas, F., Lozano-Oyola, M., Gonzalez, M. & Caballero, R. (2016) Sustainable tourism composite indicators: A dynamic evaluation to manage changes in sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 24: 14031424.Google Scholar
Bogadóttir, R. & Olsen, E. (2017) Making degrowth locally meaningful: the case of the Faroese grindadradáp. Journal of Political Ecology 24: 504518.Google Scholar
Boonchai, C. & Beeton, R. (2015) Sustainable development in the Asian Century: an inquiry of its understanding in Phuket, Thailand. Sustainable Development 24 (2): 109123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boonchai, C. & Beeton, R. (2016) Sustainable development in the Asian century: An inquiry of its understanding in Phuket, Thailand. Sustainable Development 24 (2): 109123.Google Scholar
Borowy, I. (2014) Defining Sustainable Development for Our Common Future. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Bramwell, B. & Lane, B. (2011) Critical research on the governance of tourism and sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 19 (4–5): 411421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brewington, L. (2013) The double bind of tourism in Galapagos society. In: Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands, eds. Walsh, S., Mena, C., pp. 105126. New York, NY, USA: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brison, K. (2003) Imaging modernity in rural Fiji. Ethnology 42: 335348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, P. (2013) Marine Protected Areas, Co-Management and Livelihoods: Coastal Change in Vietnam. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Sydney.Google Scholar
Buggy, L. & McNamara, K. (2016) The need to reinterpret ‘community’ for climate change adaptation: A case study of Pele Island, Vanuatu. Climate and Development 8 (3): 270280.Google Scholar
Bulloch, H. (2014) Contending developments: Local notions of development on Siquijor Island, Philippines. Journal of International Development 26 (2): 177186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bunce, M., Mee, L., Rodwell, L. & Gibb, R. (2009) Collapse and recovery in a remote small island – A tale of adaptive cycles or downward spirals? Global Environmental Change 19: 213226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Canavan, B. (2017) Tourism stakeholder exclusion and conflict in a small island. Leisure Studies 36: 409422.Google Scholar
Carlsen, J. (2015) Island tourism: Systems modelling for sustainability. In: The Practice of Sustainable Tourism, eds. Hughes, M., Weaver, D., Pforr, C., pp. 8394. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Carrier, J. & Macleod, D. (2005) Bursting the bubble: The socio-cultural context of ecotourism. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 11: 315334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cheer, J., Cole, S., Reeves, K. & Kato, K. (2017) Tourism and islandscapes: Cultural realignment, social-ecological resistance and change. Shima 11 (1): 4054.Google Scholar
Chen, H., Liu, W. & Hsieh, C. (2017) Integrating ecosystem services and eco-security to assess sustainable development in Liuqiu Island. Sustainability 9: 1002.Google Scholar
Christensen, A. (2011) Marine gold and atoll livelihoods: The rise and fall of the bêche-de-mer trade on Ontong Java, Solomon Islands. Natural Resources Forum 35: 920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (1992) ‘Logic is a capitalist cover-up’. Compensation and crisis in Papua New Guinea. In Resources, Development and Politics in the Pacific Islands, eds. May, R., Henningham, S., pp. 3054. Bathurst, Australia: Crawford Press.Google Scholar
Connell, J. (2007) The Fiji Times and the good citizen. Constructing modernity and nationhood in Fiji. The Contemporary Pacific 19: 85109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2008) Niue: Embracing a culture of migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34: 10211040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2012) Population resettlement in the Pacific: Lessons from a hazardous history? Australian Geographer 43 (2): 127142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2013) Islands at Risk? Environments, Economies and Contemporary Change. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2015a) Vulnerable islands: Climate change, tectonic change and changing livelihoods in the Western Pacific. The Contemporary Pacific 27 (1): 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. (2015b) Food security in the island Pacific: Is Micronesia as far away as ever? Regional Environmental Change 15 (7): 12991311.Google Scholar
Connell, J. (2016) Greenland and the Pacific islands. An improbable conjunction of development trajectories. Island Studies Journal 11 (2): 465484.Google Scholar
Connell, J. & Conway, D. (2000) Migration and remittances in island microstates: A comparative perspective on the South Pacific and the Caribbean. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 24 (1): 5278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. & Corbett, J. (2016) Deterritorialisation. Reconceptualising development in the Pacific islands. Global Society 30 (4): 583604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. & Lutkehaus, N. (2017) Escaping Zaria's fire? The volcano resettlement problem of Manam Island, Papua New Guinea. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 58 (1): 1426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connell, J. & Rugendyke, B. (2008) Tourism and local people in the Asia-Pacific region. In: Tourism at the Grassroots, eds. Connell, J., Rugendyke, B., pp. 140 Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Conrad, E. & Cassar, L. (2014) Decoupling economic growth and environmental degradation: Reviewing progress to date in the small island state of Malta. Sustainability 6: 67296750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooke, B. & Kothari, U. (2001) Participation. The New Tyranny? London, UK: Zed.Google Scholar
Corbett, J. & Connell, J. (2015) All the world is a stage: Global governance, human resources and the ‘problem’ of smallness. The Pacific Review 28 (3): 435459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coulthard, S., Johnson, D. & McGregor, J. (2011) Poverty, sustainability and human wellbeing: A social wellbeing approach to the global fisheries crisis. Global Environmental Change 21 (2): 453463.Google Scholar
Creaney, R. & Niewiadomski, P. (2016) Tourism and sustainable development on the Isle of Eigg, Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal 132 (3–4): 210233.Google Scholar
Davis, A. & Ruddle, K. (2012) Massaging the misery: Recent approaches to fisheries governance and the betrayal of small-scale fisheries. Human Organization 71 (3): 244254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Del Chiappa, G., Atzeni, M. & Ghasemi, V. (2017) Community-based collaborative tourism planning in islands: A cluster analysis in the context of Costa Smeralda. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management. In press.Google Scholar
Deschenes, P. & Chertow, M. (2004) An island approach to industrial ecology: Towards sustainability in the island context. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 47 (2): 201217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diamond, J. (2005) Collapse. How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive. London, UK: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
Diedrich, A. & Aswani, S. (2016) Exploring the potential impacts of tourism development on social and ecological change in the Solomon Islands. Ambio 45: 808818.Google ScholarPubMed
Dodds, R. (2010) Koh Phi Phi: Moving towards or away from sustainability. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 15 (3): 251265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dornan, M. (2015) Renewable energy development in small island developing states of the Pacific. Resources 4: 490506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duit, A. & Galaz, V. (2008) Governance and complexity – Emerging issues for governance theory. Governance 21: 311335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Easterly, W. (2015) The SDGs should stand for Senseless, Dreamy, Garbled. Foreign Policy 28.Google Scholar
Fabinyi, M., Evans, L. & Foale, S. (2014) Social-ecological systems, social diversity, and power: Insights from anthropology and political ecology. Ecology and Society 19 (4): 28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fernandes, J., Guiomar, N. & Gil, A. (2015) Strategies for conservation planning and management of terrestrial ecosystems in small islands. Environmental Science and Policy 51: 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Figueroa, E. & Rotarou, E. (2016) Sustainable development or eco-collapse: Lessons for tourism and development from Easter Island. Sustainability 8: 1093.Google Scholar
Finney, B. (1967) Money work, fast money and prize money: Aspects of the Tahitian labor commitment. Human Organization 26: 195199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, R., Maginnis, S., Jackson, W. et al. (2008) Linking Conservation and Poverty Reduction. Landscapes, People and Power. Cambridge, UK: IUCN.Google Scholar
Fletcher, R. & Rammelt, C. (2017) Decoupling: A key fantasy of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. Globalizations 14 (3): 450467.Google Scholar
Foale, S. (2001) ‘Where's our development?’ Landowner aspirations and environmentalist agendas in Western Solomon Islands. Asia-Pacific Journal of Anthropology 2 (2): 4467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Folke, C., Hahn, T., Olsson, P. & Norberg, J. (2005) Adaptive governance of socio-ecological systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 30: 441473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Force, A., Manuel-Navarrete, D. & Benessaiah, K. (2017) Tourism and transitions toward sustainability: Developing tourists’ pro-sustainability agency. Sustainability Science 13: 115.Google Scholar
Foukona, J. & Timmer, J. (2016) The culture of agreement making in Solomon Islands. Oceania 86 (2): 116131.Google Scholar
Gezon, L. (2014) Who wins and who loses? Unpacking the ‘local people’ concept in ecotourism: a longitudinal study of community equity in Ankarana, Madagascar. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 22: 821838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gillard, R. (2016) Questioning the diffusion of resilience discourses in pursuit of transformational change. Global Environmental Politics 16: 1320.Google Scholar
Ginard-Bosch, F. & Ramos-Martin, J. (2016) Energy metabolism of the Balearic Islands (1986–2012). Ecological Economics 124: 2535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glasser, H. (2016) Visions of sustainability. Sustainability 9 (2): 5664.Google Scholar
Gonzalez-Morales, O., Alvarez-Gonzalez, J., Sanfiel-Fumero, M. & Armas-Cruz, Y. (2016) Governance, corporate social responsibility and cooperation in sustainable tourist destinations: The case of the island of Fuerteventura. Island Studies Journal 11 (2): 561584.Google Scholar
Gössling, S. (2003) Tourism and development in tropical islands: Political ecology perspectives. In: Tourism and Development in Tropical Islands: Political Ecology Perspectives, ed. Gössling, S., pp. 137. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.Google Scholar
Gössling, S. (2017) Tourism, tourist learning and sustainability: An exploratory discussion of complexities, problems and opportunities. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2017.1349772.Google Scholar
Griggs, D., Stafford-Smith, M., Rockström, J. et al. (2014) An integrated framework for sustainable development goals. Ecology and Society 19 (4): 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gruby, R. & Campbell, L. (2013) Scalar politics and the region: Strategies for transcending Pacific Island smallness on a global environmental governance stage. Environment and Planning A 45: 20462063.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grydehøj, A. & Kelman, I. (2017) The eco-island trap: Climate change mitigation and conspicuous sustainability. Area 49 (1): 106113.Google Scholar
Grynberg, R. & Razzaque, M. (2004) The Trade Performance of Small States. London, UK: Commonwealth Secretariat.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gudynas, E. (2016) Climate change, the quadrilemma of globalization, and other politically incorrect reactions. Globalizations 13 (6): 938942.Google Scholar
Hair, C., Foale, S., Kinch, J. et al.(2016) Beyond boom, bust and ban: The sandfish (Holuthuria scabra) fishery in the Tigak Islands, Papua New Guinea. Regional Studies in Marine Science 5: 6979.Google Scholar
Hajer, M. (1995) The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Hampton, M. (2013) Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Hayes, G. (1993) ‘MIRAB’ processes and development on small Pacific Islands: A case study from the Southern Massim, Papua New Guinea. Pacific Viewpoint 34 (2): 153178.Google Scholar
Higgins-Desbiolles, F. (2011) Death by a thousand cuts: Governance and environmental trade-offs in ecotourism development at Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 19: 553570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirano, S. (2008) The development of national sustainable development strategies in small island developing states. In: Sustainable Development in Small Island Developing States, eds. Strachan, J., Vigilance, C., pp. 49. London, UK: Commonwealth Secretariat.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirsch, E. (2017) The unit of resilience: Unbeckoned degrowth and the politics of (post)development in Peru and the Maldives. Journal of Political Ecology 24: 462475.Google Scholar
Holden, E., Linnerud, K. & Banister, D. (2017) The imperatives of sustainable development. Sustainable Development 25 (3): 213226.Google Scholar
Horlings, L. & Kanemasu, Y. (2015) Sustainable development and policies in rural regions: Insights from the Shetland Islands. Land Use Policy 9: 310321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoyman, M. & McCall, G. (2013) Is there trouble in paradise? The perspectives of Galapagos community leaders on managing economic development and environmental conservation through ecotourism policies and the Special law of 1998. Journal of Ecotourism 12 (1): 3348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, R. & Ross, A. (2016) National sustainabilities. Political Geography 51: 5362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Junker, J., Boesch, C., Mundry, R. et al.(2015) Education and access to fish but not economic development predict chimpanzee and mammal occurrence in West Africa. Biological Conservation 182: 2735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jupiter, S., Wenger, A., Klein, C. et al. (2017) Opportunities and constraints for implementing integrated land–sea management on islands, Environmental Conservation 44 (3): 254266.Google Scholar
Keppel, G., Morrison, C., Watling, D. et al. (2012) Conservation in tropical Pacific Island countries: Why most current approaches are failing. Conservation Letters 5: 256265.Google Scholar
Kerr, S. (2005) What is small island sustainable development about? Ocean and Coastal Management 48: 503524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirch, P. (1986) Exchange systems and inter-island contact in the transformation of an island society: The Tikopia case. In: Island Societies, ed. Kirsch, P., pp. 3341. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kothari, U. & Arnall, A. (2017) Contestation over an island imaginary landscape: The management and maintenance of touristic nature. Environment and Planning A 49: 980998.Google Scholar
Kousis, M. (2000) Tourism and the environment: A social movements perspective. Annals of Tourism Research 27: 468489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuhlken, R. (2007) Agricultural landscapes of Kadavu: persistence and change on the Fijian periphery. In: Environment, Development and Change in Rural Asia-Pacific, eds. Connell, J. & Waddell, E., pp. 5675. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Lal, P. (2008) Rethinking oceans and marine resource management. In: Sustainable Development in Small Island Developing States, eds. Strachan, J., Vigilance, C., pp. 2243. London, UK: Commonwealth Secretariat.Google Scholar
Lalancette, A. (2017) Creeping in? Neoliberalism, indigenous realities and tropical rock lobster (kaiar) management in Torres Strait, Australia. Marine Policy 80: 4759.Google Scholar
Lange, G. (2015) Tourism in Zanzibar: Incentives for sustainable management. Ecosystem Services 11: 511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lauer, M. (2014) Calamity, kastom, and modernity: Local interpretations of vulnerability in the western Pacific. Environmental Hazards 13 (4): 281297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lauer, M. (2016) Governing uncertainty: Resilience, dwelling and flexible resource management in Oceania. Conservation and Society 14 (1): 3447.Google Scholar
Lauer, M., Albert, S., Aswani, S. et al. (2013) Globalization, Pacific Islands, and the paradox of resilience. Global Environmental Change 23: 4050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lauer, M. & Aswani, S. (2010) Indigenous knowledge and long-term ecological change: Detection, interpretation, and responses to changing ecological conditions in Pacific Island communities. Environmental Management 45: 985997.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lee, S. & Jamal, T. (2008) Environmental justice and environmental equity in tourism: Missing links to sustainability. Journal of Ecotourism 7: 4467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levin, K., Cashore, B., Bernstein, S. & Auld, G. (2012) Overcoming the tragedy of super wicked problems: Constraining our future selves to ameliorate global climate change. Policy Sciences 45 (2): 123152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lu, F., Valdivia, G. & Wolford, W. (2013) Social dimensions of ‘nature at risk’ in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Conservation 11 (1): 8395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacCarthy, M. (2016) Touring ‘real life’? Authenticity and village-based tourism in the Trobriand Islands of Papua New Guinea. In: Touring Pacific Cultures, eds. Alexeyeff, K., Taylor, J., pp. 333358. Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.Google Scholar
McCubbin, S., Pearce, T., Ford, J. & Smit, B. (2017) Social-ecological change and implications for food security in Funafuti. Ecology and Society 22 (1): 53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McDougall, D. (2005) The unintended consequences of clarification: Development, disrupting and the dynamics of community in Ranongga, Solomon Islands. Ethnohistory 52: 81109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mackenzie, A. (1998) ‘The Cheviot, The Stag . . . and The White, White Rock?’: Community, identity and environmental threat on the Isle of Harris. Environment and Planning D 16: 509532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macleod, D. (2013) Cultural realignment, islands and the influence of tourism. Shima 7: 7491.Google Scholar
McNamara, K. & Buggy, L. (2017) Community-based climate change adaptations: A review of academic literature. Local Environment 22 (4): 443460.Google Scholar
Mai, T. & Smith, C. (2015) Addressing the threats to tourism sustainability using systems thinking: A case study of Cat Ba Island, Vietnam. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 23 (10): 15041528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin-Cejas, R. & Sanchez, P. (2010) Ecological footprint analysis of road transport related to tourism activity: The case for Lanzarote Island. Tourism Management 31: 98103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martinez-Alier, J. (1995) Distributional issues in ecological economics. Review of Social Economy 53: 511528.Google Scholar
Mathis, A. & Rose, J. (2016) Balancing tourism, conservation, and development: A political ecology of ecotourism on the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Ecotourism 15 (1): 6477.Google Scholar
Mertz, O., Bruun, T., Fog, B. et al. (2010) Sustainable land use in Tikopia: Food production and consumption in an isolated agricultural system. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 31 (1): 4154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moran, L. & Rau, H. (2016) Mapping divergent concepts of sustainability: Lay knowledge, local practices and environmental governance. Local Environment 21 (3): 344360.Google Scholar
Moscardo, G. & Murphy, L. (2014) There is no such thing as sustainable tourism: Re-conceptualising tourism as a tool for sustainability. Sustainability 6: 25382561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mycoo, M. (2014) Sustainable tourism, climate change and sea level rise adaptation policies in Barbados. Natural Resources Forum 38: 4757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naidoo, P. & Sharpley, R. (2016) Local perceptions of the relative contributions of enclave tourism and agritourism to community well-being: The case of Mauritius. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management 5: 1625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neudert, R., Ganzhorn, J. & Watzold, F. (2017) Global benefits and local costs – The dilemma of tropical forest conservation: A review of the situation in Madagascar. Environmental Conservation 44 (1): 8296.Google Scholar
Neumann, R. (2015) Political ecology of scale. In: International Handbook of Political Ecology, ed. Bryant, R., pp. 475486. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Newton, A. (2016) Biodiversity risks of adopting resilience as a policy goal. Conservation Letters 9: 369376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ng, S., Chia, K., Ho, J. & Ramachandran, S. (2017) Seeking tourism sustainability – A case study of Tioman Island, Malaysia. Tourism Management 58: 101107.Google Scholar
O'Garra, T. (2012) Economic valuation of a traditional fishing ground on the coral coast of Fiji. Ocean and Coastal Management 56: 4455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oles, B. (2007) Transformations in the sociocultural values and meanings of reefs and resources on Mwoakilloa. Coral Reefs 26: 971981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olsson, P., Galaz, V. & Boonstra, W. (2014) Sustainability transformations: A resilience perspective. Ecology and Society 19 (4): 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paavola, J. (2016) Multi-level environmental governance: Exploring the economic explanations. Environmental Policy and Governance 26: 143154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pelenc, J. & Ballet, J. (2015) Strong sustainability, critical natural capital and the capability approach. Ecological Economics 112: 3644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Penning-Rowsell, E. & Johnson, C. (2015) The ebb and flow of power: British flood risk management and the politics of scale. Geoforum 62: 131142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Petrosillo, I., Costanza, R., Aretano, R. et al. (2013) The use of subjective indicators to assess how natural and social capital support residents’ quality of life in a small volcanic island. Ecological Indicators 24: 609620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Petrou, K. & Connell, J. (2017) Food, morality and identity: Mobility, remittances and the translocal community in Paama, Vanuatu. Australian Geographer 48 (2): 219234.Google Scholar
Picard, M. (1996) Bali. Cultural Tourism and Touristic Culture. Singapore: Archipelago Press.Google Scholar
Pizzitutti, F., Walsh, S., Rindfuss, R. et al. (2017) Scenario planning for tourism management: A participatory and system dynamics model applied to the Galapagos Islands of Ecuador. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 25: 11171137.Google Scholar
Polido, A., Joao, E. & Ramos, T. (2014) Sustainability approaches and strategic environmental assessment in small islands: An integrative review. Ocean and Coastal Management 96: 138148.Google Scholar
Porter, B., Orams, M. & Luck, M. (2017) Sustainable entrepreneurship tourism: An alternative development approach for remote coastal communities where awareness of tourism is low. Tourism Planning and Development 14: 117.Google Scholar
Povilanskas, R., Armaitiene, A., Dyack, B. & Jurkus, E. (2016) Islands of prescription and islands of negotiation. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management 5: 260274.Google Scholar
Rasmussen, A. (2015) In the Absence of the Gift. Oxford, UK: Berghahn.Google Scholar
Ratter, B., Petzold, J. & Sinane, K. (2016) Considering the locals: Coastal construction and destruction in times of climate change on Anjouan, Comoros. Natural Resources Forum 40: 112126.Google Scholar
Read, R. (2006) Sustainable natural resource use and economic development in small states: The tuna fisheries in Fiji and Samoa. Sustainable Development 14: 93103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Redclift, M. (2005) Sustainable development (1987–2005): An oxymoron comes of age. Sustainable Development 13: 212227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Remling, E. & Veiteyaki, J. (2016) Community-based action in Fiji's Gau Island: A model for the Pacific? International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management 8 (3): 375398.Google Scholar
Rockett, J. & Ramsey, D. (2016) Resident perceptions of rural tourism development: The case of Fogo Island and Change Islands, Newfoundland, Canada. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change 15: 299318.Google Scholar
Rudiak-Gould, P. (2014) Climate Change and Tradition in a Small Island State. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Salleh, A. (2016) Climate, water, and livelihood skills: A post-development reading of the SDGs. Globalizations 13 (6): 952959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scheyvens, R. & Hughes, E. (2015) Tourism and CSR in the Pacific. In: Tourism in Pacific Islands, eds. Pratt, S., Harrison, D., pp. 134147. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Scoones, I. (2009) Livelihood perspectives and rural development. Journal of Peasant Studies 36 (1): 171196.Google Scholar
Scoones, I. (2016) The politics of sustainability and development. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 41: 293319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott, J. (1998) Seeing like a State. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Semple, E. (1911) Influences of Geographic Environment. New York, NY, USA: Holt.Google Scholar
Sieck, M., Ibisch, P., Moloney, K. & Jeltsch, F. (2011) Current models broadly neglect specific needs of biodiversity conservation in protected areas under climate change. BMC Ecology 11 (12): 112.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sievanen, L., Gruby, R. & Campbell, L. (2013) Fixing marine governance in Fiji? The new scalar narrative of ecosystem-based management. Global Environmental Change 23 (1): 206216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sjöstedt, M. & Povitkina, M. (2017) Vulnerability of small island developing states to natural disasters: How much difference can effective governments make? Journal of Environment and Development 26 (1): 82105.Google Scholar
Smith, M. (2002) Village on the Edge: Changing Times in Papua New Guinea. Honolulu, HI, USA: University of Hawai'i Press.Google Scholar
Springett, D. (2013) Critical perspectives on sustainable development. Sustainable Development 21: 7382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Storey, D. & Hunter, S. (2010) Kiribati: An environmental ‘perfect storm’. Australian Geographer 41: 167181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strathern, A. & Stewart, P. (2004) Empowering the Past, Confronting the Future: The Duna People of Papua New Guinea. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thaman, B., Icely, J., Fragoso, B. & Veiteyaki, J. (2016) A comparison of rural community perceptions and involvement in conservation between the Fiji Islands and Southwestern Portugal. Ocean and Coastal Management 133: 4352.Google Scholar
Thomas, N. (1991) Entangled Objects. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Thompson, B., Gillen, J. & Friess, D. (2017) Challenging the principles of ecotourism: Insights from entrepreneurs on environmental and economic sustainability in Langkawi, Malaysia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 25: 120.Google Scholar
Towle, E. (1985) The island microcosm. In: Coastal Resource Management: Development Case Studies, ed. Clark, J., pp. 589749. Washington, DC, USA: National Park Service.Google Scholar
Towner, N. (2016) Community participation and emerging surfing tourism destinations: A case study of the Mentawai Islands. Journal of Sport and Tourism 20: 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Towner, N. & Milne, S. (2017) Sustainable surfing tourism development in the Mentawai Islands, Indonesia: Local stakeholder perspectives. Tourism Planning and Development 14: 503526.Google Scholar
UNDP (2003) Millennium Development Goals. New York, NY, USA: UNDP.Google Scholar
van Tatenhove, J. (2016) The environmental state at sea. Environmental Politics 25 (1): 160179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van der Ploeg, J. & Marsden, T. (2008) Unfolding Webs: The Dynamics of Regional Rural Development. Assen, The Netherlands: Royal van Gorcum.Google Scholar
Walker, P. (2017) Sustainability: A discipline and a political agenda. Environmental Hazards 16 (2): 9398.Google Scholar
Wallner, H., Narodoslawsky, M. & Moser, F. (1996) Islands of sustainability: A bottom-up approach to sustainable development. Environment and Planning A 28: 17631778.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walpole, M. & Goodwin, H. (2000) Local economic impacts of dragon tourism in Indonesia. Annals of Tourism Research 27: 559576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walpole, M. & Goodwin, H. (2001) Local attitudes towards conservation and tourism around Komodo National Park, Indonesia. Environmental Conservation 28: 160166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WCED (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Weaver, D. (2017) Core–periphery relationships and the sustainability paradox of small island tourism. Tourism Recreation Research 42: 1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wortman, T., Donaldson, R. & van Westen, G. (2016) ‘They are stealing my land’: Residents’ opinions on foreign investment in the residential tourism industry in Tamarin, Mauritius. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 37: 139157.Google Scholar
Wrighton, N. & Overton, J. (2012) Coping with participation in small island states: The case of aid in Tuvalu. Development in Practice 22 (2): 244255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yeh, E. (2016) ‘How can experience of local residents be “knowledge”?’. Challenges in interdisciplinary climate change research. Area 48 (1): 3440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yusuf, J., Neill, K., St John, B. et al. (2016) The sea is rising . . . but not onto the policy agenda: A multiple streams approach to understanding sea level rise policies. Environment and Planning C. Government and Policy 34: 228243.Google Scholar
7
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Islands: balancing development and sustainability?
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Islands: balancing development and sustainability?
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Islands: balancing development and sustainability?
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *