Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle in and around an area subject to extensive badger (Meles meles) control

  • R. S. Clifton-Hadley (a1), J. W. Wilesmith (a1), M. S. Richards (a1), P. Upton (a1) and S. Johnston (a1)...

Summary

The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle herds during the period 1966–92 in two geographically related areas in South-West England is compared. In one area comprising 104 km2 all badgers were systematically destroyed from 1975–81, after which recolonization was allowed; in the other, comprising 116 km2, small scale, statutory badger removal operations were undertaken from 1975 onwards where specific herds were detected with M. bovis infection. In the area with total clearance, no further incidents with M. bovis isolation occurred from 1982–92. Survival analysis and proportional hazards regression indicated that the risk of herds being identified with infection was less once badgers had been cleared from their neighbourhood, whereas it was greater in herds with 50 or more animals, and once cattle in a herd had responded positively to the tuberculin skin test, even though infection with M. bovis was not confirmed subsequently. The study provides further evidence that badgers represent an important reservoir of M. bovis infection for cattle and that badger control is effective in reducing incidents of cattle infection with M. bovis if action is thorough and recolonization is prevented.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle in and around an area subject to extensive badger (Meles meles) control
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle in and around an area subject to extensive badger (Meles meles) control
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle in and around an area subject to extensive badger (Meles meles) control
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
1.Muirhead, RH, Gallagher, J, Burn, KJ. Tuberculosis in wild badgers in Gloucestershire: Epidemiology. Vet Rec 1974; 95: 552–5.
2.Gallagher, J, Nelson, J. Causes of ill health and natural death in badgers in Gloucestershire. Vet Rec 1979; 105: 546–51.
3.Report. Animal health 1992. The Report of the Chief Veterinary Officer. 1993: 113.
4.Report. Bovine tuberculosis in badgers. Seventeenth report by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. London: MAFF Publications, 1994: 37.
5.Report. Bovine tuberculosis in badgers. Sixteenth report by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. London: MAFF Publications, 1993: 19.
6.Cheeseman, CL, Wilesmith, JW, Stuart, FA. Tuberculosis: the disease and its epidemiology in the badger, a review. Epidemiol Infect 1989; 103: 113–25.
7.Cresswell, P, Harris, S, Bunce, RGH, Jefferies, DJ. The badger (Meles meles) in Britain: present status and future population changes. Bio J Lin Soc 1989; 38: 91101.
8.Wilesmith, JW. Epidemiological features of bovine tuberculosis in cattle herds in Great Britain. J Hyg 1983; 90: 159–76.
9.McAleer, PD. The relationship between badger density and the incidence of bovine tuberculosis in County Galway. Irish Vet J 1990; 43: 7780.
10.Little, TWA, Swan, C, Thompson, HV, Wilesmith, JW. Bovine tuberculosis in domestic and wild mammals in an area of Dorset. II. The badger population, its ecology and tuberculosis status. J Hyg 1982; 89: 211–24.
11.Wilesmith, JW, Savers, P, Little, TWA, Brewer, JI.Bode, R, Hillman, G, Pritchard, DG, Stuart, FA. Tuberculosis in East Sussex. IV. A systematic examination of wild mammals other than badgers for tuberculosis. J Hyg 1986; 97: 3748.
12.Pritchard, DG, Stuart, FA, Brewer, JI, Mahmood, KH. Experimental infection of badgers (Meles meles) with Mycobacterium bovis. Epidemiol Infect 1987; 98: 145–54.
13.Zuckerman, Lord. Badgers, cattle and tuberculosis. London: HMSO, 1980: 107.
14.Dunnet, GM, Jones, DM, McInerney, JP. Badgers and bovine tuberculosis – a review of policy. London: HMSO, 1986: 71.
15.Macdonald, D. Badgers and bovine tuberculosis – case not proven. New Scientist 1984; 104: 1720.
16.Harris, S. Taking stock of Brock. BBC Wildlife 1989; 7: 460–4.
17.Myers, JA, Steele, JH. Bovine tuberculosis control in man and animals. Missouri: WH Green, 1969: 403.
18.Barlow, ND. Control of endemic bovine TB in New Zealand possum populations: results from a simple model. J Appl Ecol 1991; 28: 794809.
19.Wilesmith, JW, Little, TWA, Thompson, HV, Swan, C. Bovine tuberculosis in domestic and wild mammals in an area of Dorset. I. Tuberculosis in cattle. J Hyg 1982; 89: 195210.
20.Report. Bovine tuberculosis in badgers. First Report, 1976: 21.
21.Breslow, N. Covariance analysis of censored survival data. Biometrics. 1974; 30: 8999.
22.Rees, WHG. Irish evidence. Nature 1981; 290: 623.
23.Lesslie, IW, Hebert, CN, Burn, KJ, MacClancy, BN, Donnelly, WJC. Comparison of the specificity of human and bovine tuberculin PPD for testing cattle. 1 Republic of Ireland. Vet Rec 1975; 96: 332–4.
24.Lesslie, IW, Hebert, CN, Barnett, DN. Comparison of the specificity of human and bovine tuberculin PPD for testing cattle. 2 South-eastern England. Vet Rec 1975; 96: 335–8.
25.Lesslie, IW, Hebert, CN. Comparison of the specificity of human and bovine tuberculin PPD for testing cattle. 3 National trial in Great Britain. Vet Rec 1975; 96: 338–41.
26.Cheeseman, CL, Wilesmith, JW, Stuart, FA, Mallinson, PJ. Dynamics of tuberculosis in a naturally infected badger population. Mammal Rev 1988; 18: 6172.
27.Cheeseman, CL, Mallinson, PJ, Ryan, J, Wilesmith, JWT. Recolonisation by badgers in Gloucestershire. In: Hayden, TJ, ed. The badger. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy 1993: 7893.
28. Anonymous. Tuberculosis in possums. Surveillance 1977; 4: 11–3.
29.Worthington, RW. Mycobacterial PPD sensitins and the non-specific reactor problem. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 1967; 34: 345–8.
30.Wilesmith, JW, Williams, DR. Observations on the incidence of herds with non-visible lesioned tuberculin test reactors in south-west England. Epidemiol Infect 1987; 99: 173–8.
31.Report. Bovine tuberculosis in badgers. Tenth report by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London, 1986: 21.
32.Clifton-Hadley, RS, Wilesmith, JW. Tuberculosis in deer: a review. Vet Rec 1991; 129: 512.
33.Report. Bovine Tuberculosis in Badgers. Fourteenth Report. London: MAFF Publications, 1990: 17.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle in and around an area subject to extensive badger (Meles meles) control

  • R. S. Clifton-Hadley (a1), J. W. Wilesmith (a1), M. S. Richards (a1), P. Upton (a1) and S. Johnston (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.