Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle in and around an area subject to extensive badger (Meles meles) control

  • R. S. Clifton-Hadley (a1), J. W. Wilesmith (a1), M. S. Richards (a1), P. Upton (a1) and S. Johnston (a1)...
Abstract
SUMMARY

The occurrence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle herds during the period 1966–92 in two geographically related areas in South-West England is compared. In one area comprising 104 km2 all badgers were systematically destroyed from 1975–81, after which recolonization was allowed; in the other, comprising 116 km2, small scale, statutory badger removal operations were undertaken from 1975 onwards where specific herds were detected with M. bovis infection. In the area with total clearance, no further incidents with M. bovis isolation occurred from 1982–92. Survival analysis and proportional hazards regression indicated that the risk of herds being identified with infection was less once badgers had been cleared from their neighbourhood, whereas it was greater in herds with 50 or more animals, and once cattle in a herd had responded positively to the tuberculin skin test, even though infection with M. bovis was not confirmed subsequently. The study provides further evidence that badgers represent an important reservoir of M. bovis infection for cattle and that badger control is effective in reducing incidents of cattle infection with M. bovis if action is thorough and recolonization is prevented.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1. RH Muirhead , J Gallagher , KJ Burn . Tuberculosis in wild badgers in Gloucestershire: Epidemiology. Vet Rec 1974; 95: 552–5.

7. P Cresswell , S Harris , RGH Bunce , DJ Jefferies . The badger (Meles meles) in Britain: present status and future population changes. Bio J Lin Soc 1989; 38: 91101.

10. TWA Little , C Swan , HV Thompson , JW Wilesmith . Bovine tuberculosis in domestic and wild mammals in an area of Dorset. II. The badger population, its ecology and tuberculosis status. J Hyg 1982; 89: 211–24.

21. N Breslow . Covariance analysis of censored survival data. Biometrics. 1974; 30: 8999.

24. IW Lesslie , CN Hebert , DN Barnett . Comparison of the specificity of human and bovine tuberculin PPD for testing cattle. 2 South-eastern England. Vet Rec 1975; 96: 335–8.

32. RS Clifton-Hadley , JW Wilesmith . Tuberculosis in deer: a review. Vet Rec 1991; 129: 512.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 56 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.