Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-5nwft Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-11T04:45:18.450Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 March 2019


Any good theory of knowledge ascriptions should explain and predict our judgments about their felicity. I argue that any such explanation must take into account a distinction between three ways of using knowledge ascriptions: (a) to suggest acceptance of the embedded proposition, (b) to explain or predict a subject's behavior or attitudes, or (c) to understand the relation of knowledge as such. The contextual effects on our judgments about felicity systematically differ between these three types of uses. Using such a distinction is, in principle, open to both contextualist and pragmatic invariantist accounts of knowledge ascriptions. However, there are some implications pertaining to the use of the “method of cases” in the debate about knowledge ascriptions.

Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Austin, J. 1946. ‘Other Minds.’ Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes, 20(1): 122–87.Google Scholar
Blome-Tillmann, M. 2013. ‘Knowledge and Implicatures.’ Synthese, 190(18): 4293–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blome-Tillmann, M. 2014. Knowledge and Presuppositions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, J. 2006. ‘Contextualism and Warranted Assertability Manoeuvres.’ Philosophical Studies, 130(3): 407–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Craig, E. 1990. Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Davis, W. 2007. ‘Knowledge Claims and Context: Loose Use.Philosophical Studies, 132(3): 395438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeRose, K. 1992. ‘Contextualism and Knowledge Attributions.’ Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 52(4): 913–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeRose, K. 1998. ‘Contextualism: An Explanation and Defense.’ In Greco, J. and Sosa, E. (eds), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology, pp. 187205. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Dinges, A. 2016. ‘Skeptical Pragmatic Invariantism: Good, but not Good Enough.’ Synthese, 193(8): 2577–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dinges, A. 2018. ‘Knowledge, Intuition and Implicature.’ Synthese, 195(6): 2821–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Douven, I. 2007. ‘A Pragmatic Dissolution of Harman's Paradox.’ Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 74(2): 326–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dretske, F. 1981. ‘The Pragmatic Dimension of Knowledge.’ Philosophical Studies, 40(3): 363–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerken, M. 2017. On Folk Epistemology. How We Think and Talk about Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gettier, E. 1963. ‘Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Analysis, 23(6): 121–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldman, A. 1976. ‘Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledge.’ Journal of Philosophy, 73(20): 771–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kappel, K. 2010. ‘On Saying that Someone Knows: Themes from Craig.’ In Haddock, A., Millar, A. and Pritchard, D. (eds), Social Epistemology, pp. 6988. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kelp, C. 2011. ‘What Is the Point of “Knowledge” Anyway?Episteme, 8(1): 5366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, D. 1996. ‘Elusive Knowledge.Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 74(4): 549–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moore, G. E. 1939. ‘Proof of an External World.Proceedings of the British Academy, 25: 273300.Google Scholar
Nozick, R. 1981. Philosophical Explanations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Roberts, C. 2012. ‘Information Structure in Discourse: Towards an Integrated Formal Theory of Pragmatics.Semantics and Pragmatics, 5(article 6): 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rysiew, P. 2007. ‘Speaking of Knowing.’ Noûs, 41(4): 627–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rysiew, P. 2012. ‘Epistemic Scorekeeping.’ In Brown, J. and Gerken, M. (eds), Knowledge Ascriptions, pp. 270–94. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schaffer, J. 2004. ‘Skepticism, Contextualism and Discrimination.’ Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 69(1): 138–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schaffer, J. and Gendler Szabó, Z. 2014. ‘Epistemic Comparativism: A Contextualist Semantics for Knowledge Ascriptions.’ Philosophical Studies, 168(2): 491543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Unger, P. 1975. Ignorance. A Case for Scepticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Weinberg, J., Nichols, S. and Stich, S. 2001. ‘Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions.’ Philosophical Topics, 29(1&2): 429–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wittgenstein, L. 1969. On Certainty. Anscombe, G.E.M. and von Wright, G.H. (eds), transl. Paul, D. and Anscombe, G.E.M.. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar