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God as the Ultimate Conspiracy Theory


Traditional secular conspiracy theories and explanations of worldly events in terms of supernatural agency share interesting epistemic features. This paper explores what can be called “supernatural conspiracy theories”, by considering such supernatural explanations through the lens of recent work on the epistemology of secular conspiracy theories. After considering the similarities and the differences between the two types of theories, the prospects for agnosticism both with respect to secular conspiracy theories and the existence of God are then considered. Arguments regarding secular conspiracy theories suggest ways to defend agnosticism with respect to God from arguments that agnosticism is not a logically stable position and that it ultimately collapses into atheism, as has been argued by N. Russell Hanson and others. I conclude that such attacks on religious agnosticism fail to appreciate the conspiratorial features of God's alleged role in the universe.

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Piers. Benn 1999. “Some Uncertainties About Agnosticism.” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46: 171–88.

Steve. Clarke 2002. “Conspiracy Theories and Conspiracy Theorizing.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32(2): 131–50.

John. Earman 2000. Hume's Abject Failure: The Argument against Miracles. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Norwood Russell. Hanson 1971a. “The Agnostic's Dilemma.” In S. Toulmin and H. Woolf (eds.), What I Do Not Believe and Other Essays, pp. 303–8. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Norwood Russell. Hanson 1971b. “What I Don't Believe.” In S. Toulmin and H. Woolf (eds.), What I Do Not Believe and Other Essays, pp. 309–31. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Norwood Russell Hanson , Stephen Toulmin , and Harry Woolf (eds.). 1971. What I Do Not Believe, and Other Essays. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Brian L. Keeley 1999. “Of Conspiracy Theories.” Journal of Philosophy 96: 109–26.

Robert. McLaughlin 1984. “Necessary Agnosticism?Analysis 44(4): 198202.

Thomas V. Morris 1985. “Agnosticism.” Analysis 45(4): 219–24.

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  • ISSN: 1742-3600
  • EISSN: 1750-0117
  • URL: /core/journals/episteme
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