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Languages, equicontinuity and attractors in cellular automata

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 April 2001

Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Malostranské náměstí 25, 118 00 Praha 1, Czechia


We consider three related classifications of cellular automata: the first is based on the complexity of languages generated by clopen partitions of the state space, i.e. on the complexity of the factor subshifts; the second is based on the concept of equicontinuity and it is a modification of the classification introduced by Gilman [9]. The third one is based on the concept of attractors and it refines the classification introduced by Hurley [16]. We show relations between these classifications and give examples of cellular automata in the intersection classes. In particular, we show that every positively expansive cellular automaton is conjugate to a one-sided subshift of finite type and that every topologically transitive cellular automaton is sensitive to initial conditions. We also construct a cellular automaton with minimal quasi-attractor, whose basin has measure zero, answering a question raised in Hurley [16].

Research Article
1997 Cambridge University Press

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