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C*-algebras, approximately proper equivalence relations and thermodynamic formalism

  • R. EXEL (a1) and A. LOPES (a2)

We introduce a non-commutative generalization of the notion of (approximately proper) equivalence relations and propose the construction of a ‘quotient space’. We then consider certain one-parameter groups of automorphisms of the resulting C*-algebra and prove the existence of KMS states at every temperature. In a model originating from thermodynamics we prove that these states are unique as well. We also show a relationship between maximizing measures (the analogue of the Aubry–Mather measures for expanding maps) and ground states. In the last section we explore an interesting example of phase transitions.

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Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems
  • ISSN: 0143-3857
  • EISSN: 1469-4417
  • URL: /core/journals/ergodic-theory-and-dynamical-systems
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