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Seclusion and enforced medication in dealing with aggression: A prospective dynamic cohort study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2020

A.A. Verlinde
Affiliation:
Mediant mental health trust, 1050 7546 TA Broekheurnering, The Netherlands
E.O. Noorthoorn*
Affiliation:
Forensic ward and long stay ward, Ggnet mental health trust 12, Vordenseweg, 7231DA Warnsveld, The Netherlands VU medical centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Dutch information centre of coercive measures, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
W. Snelleman
Affiliation:
Mediant mental health trust, 1050 7546 TA Broekheurnering, The Netherlands
H. van den Berg
Affiliation:
Mediant mental health trust, 1050 7546 TA Broekheurnering, The Netherlands
M. Snelleman – van der Plas
Affiliation:
Forensic ward and long stay ward, Ggnet mental health trust 12, Vordenseweg, 7231DA Warnsveld, The Netherlands
P. Lepping
Affiliation:
Wrexham community mental health team, Betsi Cadwaladr university health board, Ty Derbyn, Wrexham Maelor hospital, Wrexham, Wales, United Kingdom Centre for mental health and society Bangor university, Bangor, county of Gwynedd North Wales, United Kingdom Mysore medical college and research institute, Mysore, India
*
* Corresponding author. Forensic ward and long stay ward, Ggnet mental health trust, 12, Vordenseweg, 7231 DA Warnsveld, The Netherlands. E-mail addresses:Enoorthoorn@hotmail.com, e.noorthoorn@ggnet.nl (E.O. Noorthoorn).
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Abstract

Background

In the Netherlands, seclusion is historically the measure of first choice in dealing with aggressive incidents. In 2010, the Mediant Mental Health Trust in Eastern Netherlands introduced a policy prioritising the use of enforced medication to manage aggressive incidents over seclusion. The main goal of the study was to investigate whether prioritising enforced medication over seclusion leads to a change of aggressive incidents and coercive measures.

Methods

The study was carried out with data from 2764 patients admitted between 2007 and 2013 to the hospital locations of the Mediant Mental Health Trust in Eastern Netherlands, with a catchment area of 500,000 inhabitants. Seclusion, restraint and enforced medications as well as other coercive measures were gathered systematically. Aggressive incidents were assessed with the SOAS-R. An event sequence analysis was preformed, to assess the whether seclusion, restraint or enforced medication were used or not before or after aggressive incidents.

Results

Enforced medication use went up by 363% from a very low baseline. There was a marked reduction of overall coercive measures by 44%. Seclusion hours went down by 62%. Aggression against staff or patients was reduced by 40%.

Conclusions

When dealing with aggression, prioritising medication significantly reduces other coercive measures and aggression against staff, while within principles of subsidiarity, proportionality and expediency.

Type
Original article
Copyright
Copyright © Elsevier Masson SAS 2017

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