Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

EXPONENTIAL IMPROVEMENT IN PRECISION FOR SIMULATING SPARSE HAMILTONIANS

  • DOMINIC W. BERRY (a1), ANDREW M. CHILDS (a2) (a3), RICHARD CLEVE (a4) (a5), ROBIN KOTHARI (a4) (a6) and ROLANDO D. SOMMA (a7)...
Abstract

We provide a quantum algorithm for simulating the dynamics of sparse Hamiltonians with complexity sublogarithmic in the inverse error, an exponential improvement over previous methods. Specifically, we show that a $d$ -sparse Hamiltonian $H$ acting on $n$ qubits can be simulated for time $t$ with precision $\unicode[STIX]{x1D716}$ using $O(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}(\log (\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}/\unicode[STIX]{x1D716})/\log \log (\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}/\unicode[STIX]{x1D716})))$ queries and $O(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}(\log ^{2}(\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}/\unicode[STIX]{x1D716})/\log \log (\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}/\unicode[STIX]{x1D716}))n)$ additional 2-qubit gates, where $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}=d^{2}\Vert H\Vert _{\max }t$ . Unlike previous approaches based on product formulas, the query complexity is independent of the number of qubits acted on, and for time-varying Hamiltonians, the gate complexity is logarithmic in the norm of the derivative of the Hamiltonian. Our algorithm is based on a significantly improved simulation of the continuous- and fractional-query models using discrete quantum queries, showing that the former models are not much more powerful than the discrete model even for very small error. We also simplify the analysis of this conversion, avoiding the need for a complex fault-correction procedure. Our simplification relies on a new form of ‘oblivious amplitude amplification’ that can be applied even though the reflection about the input state is unavailable. Finally, we prove new lower bounds showing that our algorithms are optimal as a function of the error.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      EXPONENTIAL IMPROVEMENT IN PRECISION FOR SIMULATING SPARSE HAMILTONIANS
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      EXPONENTIAL IMPROVEMENT IN PRECISION FOR SIMULATING SPARSE HAMILTONIANS
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      EXPONENTIAL IMPROVEMENT IN PRECISION FOR SIMULATING SPARSE HAMILTONIANS
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Forum of Mathematics, Sigma
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2050-5094
  • URL: /core/journals/forum-of-mathematics-sigma
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
MathJax

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 55 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 97 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 2nd March 2017 - 28th April 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.