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The Case of Antonio Rivero and Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2009

Richard Ware
House of Commons Library


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1 Boyson, V. F., The Falkland Islands (London, 1924), p. 90Google Scholar.

2 Weddell, J., A voyage towards the South Pole (London, 1825), p. 104Google Scholar. See also Boyson, , Falkland Islands, p. 91Google Scholar.

3 Parish to Lord Aberdeen, 25 April 1829, Colonial Office Papers, Public Record Office CO 78.2, fo. 160 v.

4 McNair, Lord, International law opinions (3 vols., Cambridge, 1956), I, 300Google Scholar.

5 Unsigned memorandum, 10 July 1829, Colonial Office Papers, Public Record Office CO 88.2, fo. 138.

6 Despatches, correspondence, and memoranda of Fd. Marshall Arthur Duke of Wellington (2nd series, 8 vols., London, 1877), VI, 41Google Scholar.

7 Ibid. p. 48.

8 Ibid. p. 49.

9 McNair, , International law opinions, 1, 300–1Google Scholar.

10 Goebel, J., The struggle for the Falkland Islands (2nd edn, New Haven & London, 1982), p. 442Google Scholar.

11 Ibid. PP 454–5.

12 Law Officers' Opinion, 2 June 1835, Home Office Papers, Public Record Office HO 48.30, Case 5, fo. 8.

13 Quoted by Undersecretary Hay of the Colonial Office, Hay to Elliot, 5 August 1834, Colonial Office Papers, Public Record Office, CO 399.1, fo. 17.

14 A number of the histories of the Falkland Islands refer to Rivero and the others being confined in Newgate Prison, but there is no evidence of this in the prison records for the appropriate weeks and no indication in the official correspondence that they were kept anywhere other than the guardship off Sheerness. Cf. Cawkell, M. et al. , The Falkland Islands (London, 1960), p. 50Google Scholar. Graham-Yooll, A., in his generally excellent book The forgotten colony (London, 1981), p. 154Google Scholar, says that Rivero was put on trial, but that the court ruled that it had no jurisdiction. No source is given for this.

15 Law Officers' Opinion, HO 48.30, Case 5, fos. 22–3.

16 Edwards, J., The law officers of the Crown (London, 1964), p. 131Google Scholar.

17 Hardcastle, M. S., The life of John, Lord Campbell (2 vols., London, 1881), II, 65, 72–3Google Scholar.

18 Law Officers' Opinion, HO 48.30, Case 5, 22–3.

19 Ibid. p. 22.

20 Ibid. p. 3.

21 SirPhillimore, R., Commentaries upon international law (3rd edn, 4 vols., London, 1879), 1, 33Google Scholar.

22 Ibid. p. 349.

23 SirTwiss, T., The Law of Nations (2nd edn, 2 vols., Oxford, 1884), 11, 201Google Scholar.

24 Ibid. p. 202.

25 Hammond to Hamilton, 5 Sept. 1835, Admiralty Papers, Public Record Office, ADM 1.44 Qa. 184.

26 Note added on 16June 1835 to letter from Phillipps to Hay, 4 June 1835, Colonial Office Papers, Public Record Office CO 78.2, fo. 90.

27 Almeida, J. L., Que hizo el gaucho Rivero en las Malvinas (Buenos Aires, 1972)Google Scholar.