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  • Cited by 3
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Festa, Lynn 2015. A Companion to the English Novel.

    SHIN, HIROKI 2015. PAPER MONEY, THE NATION, AND THE SUSPENSION OF CASH PAYMENTS IN 1797. The Historical Journal, Vol. 58, Issue. 02, p. 415.

    Semmel, Stuart 2007. Radicals, Loyalists, and the Royal Jubilee of 1809. The Journal of British Studies, Vol. 46, Issue. 03, p. 543.


William Pitt and the origins of the Loyalist Association Movement of 1792

  • Michael Duffy (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2009

This article presents new and conclusive evidence to resolve the long-running controversy over whether the loyalist association movement of 1792 was spontaneous or was crafted by government. It shows that Pitt and his colleagues did not know in advance of John Reeves's proposals for the Crown and Anchor association before they were published on 23 November and it suggests who Reeves's original collaborators probably were. It then goes on to show how Pitt and his cousin, Lord Grenville, confronted with many demands and proposals for associations at this time, quickly seized upon the Reeves project as the most adaptable to their own ends and produced a new draft, redefining his proposals in the directions they were prepared to see such a movement take. This they induced Reeves to publish as a second declaration on 26 November and they went on to promote as the example and inspiration for a wider association movement.

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M. Philp , ‘Vulgar conservatism 1792–3’, English Historical Review, CX (1995), 4269

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The Historical Journal
  • ISSN: 0018-246X
  • EISSN: 1469-5103
  • URL: /core/journals/historical-journal
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