Hostname: page-component-7d8f8d645b-p72pn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-05-29T05:45:32.799Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

What Should White People Do?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 March 2020


In this paper I explore white attempts to move toward a proactive position against racism that will amount to more than self-Criticism in the following three ways: by assessing the debate within feminism over white women's relation to whiteness; by exploring “white awareness training” methods developed by Judith Katz and the “race traitor” politics developed by Ignatiev and Garvey, and; a case study of white revisionism being currently attempted at the University of Mississippi.

Research Article
Copyright © 1998 by Hypatia, Inc.

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Acuna, Rodolfo. 1988. Occupied America: A history of Chicanos. 3rd ed. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
Alcoff, Linda. 1995. Mestizo identity. In American mixed race: The culture of microdiversity, ed. Zack, Naomi. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Litdefield.Google Scholar
Alcoff, Linda Martín. 1996. Philosophy and racial identity. Radical Philosophy 75(January‐February): 514.Google Scholar
Baldwin, James. 1988. A talk to teachers. In The Graywolf annual 5: Multi‐cultural literacy, ed. Simonson, Rick and Walker, Scott. Saint Paul, MN: Graywolf Press.Google Scholar
Bird, Elizabeth S., ed. 1996. Dressing in feathers: The construction of the Indian in American popular culture. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Boyarin, Daniel, and Jonathan, Boyarin. 1995. Diaspora: Generation and the ground of Jewish identity. In Identities, ed. Anthony Appiah, Kwame and Louis Gates, Henry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Daly, Mary. 1978. Gyn/Ecology: The metaethics of radical feminism. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
D'sOrso, Michael. 1996. Like judgment day: The ruin and redemption of a town called Rosewood. New York: Berkley Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Firestone, Shulamith. 1970. The dialectic of sex. New York: William Morrow.Google Scholar
Frankenberg, Ruth. 1993. White women, race matters: The social construction of whiteness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.10.4324/9780203973431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frye, Marilyn. 1983. The politics of reality: Essays in feminist theory. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press.Google Scholar
Frye, Marilyn. 1992. Willful virgin: Essays in feminism. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press.Google Scholar
Gallagher, Charles. 1994. White reconstruction in the university. Socialist Review 94(1 and 2): 165–88.Google Scholar
Gilroy, Paul. 1993. The black Atlantic: Modernity and double consciousness. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Gooding‐Williams, Robert. 1995. Comments on Anthony Appiah's In my father's house. Paper presented at the American Philosophical Association Central Division Meetings, Chicago, April.Google Scholar
Gordon, Lewis. 1995. Bad faith and antiblack racism. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.Google Scholar
Gossett, Thomas F. 1965. Race: The history of an idea in America. New York: Schocken.Google Scholar
Harrington, Michael L. 1996. Traditions and changes: The University of Mississippi in principle and in practice. 2d ed. New York: McGraw‐Hill.Google Scholar
Hudson, Hosea. 1972. Black worker in the deep South: A personal record. New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
Ignatiev, Noel and John, Garvey. 1996. Race traitor. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Jordan, Winthrop. 1968. White over black: American attitudes toward the Negro 1550‐1812. Baltimore: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Joseph, Gloria. 1981. The incompatible menage à trois: Marxism, feminism, and racism. In Women and revolution, ed. Sargent, Lydia. Boston: South End Press.Google Scholar
Katz, Judith. 1978. White awareness: Handbook for anti‐racism training. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
Mills, Charles. 1997. The racial contract. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Ramos, Juanita. 1995. Latin American lesbians speak on black identity—Violeta Garro, Minerva Rosa Pérez, Digna, Magdalena C, Juanita. In Moving beyond boundaries, Volume 2: Black women's diasporas, ed. Boyce Davies, Carole. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Rich, Adrienne. 1979. Disloyal to civilization: Feminism, racism, gynephobia. In On lies, secrets, and silence. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Simons, Margaret A. 1979. Racism and feminism: A schism in the sisterhood. Feminist Studies 5 (2)(Summer): 384401.10.2307/3177603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, Paul. 1996. A new Negro: Pragmatism and black identity. Unpublished ms.Google Scholar
Wiegman, Robyn. 1995. American anatomies: Theorizing race and gender. Durham: Duke University Press.10.1215/9780822399476CrossRefGoogle Scholar