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The ExoMars rover and Pasteur payload Phase A study: an approach to experimental astrobiology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 September 2006

Dave Barnes
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Enrico Battistelli
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Reinhold Bertrand
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Francesco Butera
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Raja Chatila
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Alessandro Del Biancio
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Chris Draper
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Alex Ellery
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Rolando Gelmi
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Felix Ingrand
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Charles Koeck
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Simon Lacroix
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Pierre Lamon
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Chris Lee
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Piergiovanni Magnani
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Nildeep Patel
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Carlo Pompei
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Eduardo Re
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Lutz Richter
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Mark Rowe
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Roland Siegwart
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Richard Slade
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Mark F Smith
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Gregoire Terrien
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Ronan Wall
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Roger Ward
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Lester Waugh
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk
Mark Woods
Affiliation:
Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK e-mail: a.ellery@surrey.ac.uk

Abstract

The Aurora programme is the European Space Agency programme of planetary exploration focused primarily on Mars. Although the long-term goals of Aurora are uncertain, the early phases of the Aurora programme are based on a number of robotic explorer missions – the first of these is the ExoMars rover mission currently scheduled for launch in 2013 (originally 2011). The ExoMars rover – developed during a Phase A study – is a 240 kg Mars rover supporting a 40 kg payload (called Pasteur) of scientific instruments specifically designed for astrobiological prospecting to search for evidence of extant or extinct life. In other words, ExoMars represents a new approach to experimental astrobiology in which scientific instruments are robotically deployed at extraterrestrial environments of astrobiological interest. Presented is an outline of the design of the rover, its robotic technology, its instrument complement and aspects of the design decisions made. ExoMars represents a highly challenging mission, both programmatically and technologically. Some comparisons are made with the highly successful Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2006 Cambridge University Press

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