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Nature and Culture: A New World Heritage Context

  • Shabnam Inanloo Dailoo (a1) and Frits Pannekoek (a2)

The understanding of the relationship between culture and nature as manifested in the UNESCO declarations and practices has changed over the last few years. The World Heritage Convention is continuing to evolve its definitions to reflect the increasing complexities of world cultures as they grapple with the heritage conservation policies that reflect their multiple stakeholders. They are also integrating a greater cultural perspective in their recent resolutions to the convention. Although the links between nature and culture have been clarified through this new attention to cultural landscapes, many countries and their bureaucracies have not yet adopted these new perspectives. The article suggests that to achieve an integrated approach to conservation, national, regional, and international bodies and their professionals must be involved. Two examples are discussed to address the shortcomings of the application of the convention and to illustrate the complexities of defining and conserving cultural landscapes.

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Cameron, Christina. “The Spirit of Place: The Physical Memory of Canada.” Journal of Canadian Studies 35 (2000): 77.

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Lowenthal, David. “Natural and Cultural Heritage.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 11 (2005): 81.

Olwig, Kenneth R.Introduction: The Nature of Cultural Heritage and the Culture of Natural Heritage-Northern Perspectives on a Contested Patrimony.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 11 (2005): 37.

Philips, Adrian. “The Nature of Cultural Landscapes: A Nature Conservation Perspective.” Landscape Research 23 (1998): 2138.

Stoffle, Richard W., David B. Halmo, and Diane E. Austin. “Cultural Landscapes and Traditional Cultural Properties: A Southern Paiute View of the Grand.” American Indian Quarterly 21 (1997): 22950.

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International Journal of Cultural Property
  • ISSN: 0940-7391
  • EISSN: 1465-7317
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-cultural-property
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