Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-jqctd Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-03-01T08:46:29.873Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Combining Civil and Interstate Wars

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 July 2013

David E. Cunningham
Affiliation:
University of Maryland, College Park, and Peace Research Institute Oslo. E-mail: dacunnin@umd.edu
Douglas Lemke
Affiliation:
Pennsylvania State University, University Park. E-mail: dwl14@psu.edu
Get access

Abstract

Quantitative studies of conflict analyze either civil or interstate war. While there may be observable differences between civil and interstate wars, theories of conflict focus on phenomena—such as information asymmetries, commitment problems, and issue divisibility—that should explain both conflicts within and between states. In analyses of conflict onset, duration, and outcome combining civil and interstate wars, we find most variables have similar effects on both “types” of war. We thus question whether there is any justification for separate study of war types.

Type
Research Notes
Copyright
Copyright © The IO Foundation 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Achen, Christopher. 2002. Toward a New Political Methodology: Microfoundations and ART. Annual Review of Political Science 5 (1):423–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bennett, D. Scott, and Stam, Allan C.. 1996. The Duration of Interstate Wars, 1816–1985. American Political Science Review 90 (2):239–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bennett, D. Scott, and Stam, Allan C.. 2000. EUGene: A Conceptual Manual. International Interactions 26 (2):179204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bremer, Stuart A. 1992. Dangerous Dyads: Conditions Affecting the Likelihood of Interstate War, 1816–1965. Journal of Conflict Resolution 36 (2):309–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Buhaug, Halvard, and Rød, Jan Ketil. 2009. Ethno-Nationalist Dyads and Civil War: A GIS-Based Analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (4):496525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cederman, Lars-Erik, and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2009. Introduction: Special Issue on “Disaggregating Civil War.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (4):487–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cederman, Lark-Erik, Wimmer, Andreas, and Min, Brian. 2010. Why Do Ethnic Groups Rebel? New Data and Analysis. World Politics 62 (1):87119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collier, Paul, and Hoeffler, Anke. 1998. On Economic Causes of Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers 50 (4):563–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cunningham, David E., Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede, and Salehyan, Idean. 2009. It Takes Two: A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (4):570–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diehl, Paul F., and Goertz, Gary. 2000. War and Peace in International Rivalry. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fearon, James D. 1995. Rationalist Explanations for War. International Organization 49 (3):379414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fearon, James D., and Laitin, David D.. 2003. Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War. American Political Science Review 97 (1):7590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fortna, Virginia Page. 2003. Inside and Out: Peacekeeping and the Duration of Peace After Civil and Interstate Wars. International Studies Review 5 (4):97114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fortna, Virginia Page. 2004. Peace Time: Cease-Fire Agreements and the Durability of Peace. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fortna, Virginia Page. 2008. Does Peacekeeping Work? Shaping Belligerents' Choices After Civil War. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2002. Expanded Trade and GDP Data. Journal of Conflict Resolution 46 (5):712–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gleditsch, Nils Petter, Wallensteen, Peter, Eriksson, Mikael, Sollenberg, Margareta, and Strand, Håvard. 2002. Armed Conflict 1946–2001: A New Dataset. Journal of Peace Research 39 (5):615–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hegre, Håvard, and Sambanis, Nicholas. 2006. Sensitivity Analysis of Empirical Results on Civil War Onset. Journal of Conflict Resolution 50 (4):508–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hensel, Paul R. 2000. Territory: Theory and Evidence on Geography and Conflict. In What Do We Know About War?, edited by Vasquez, John A., 5784. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
Holsti, Kalevi J. 1991. Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648–1989. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huth, Paul K. 1996. Standing Your Ground: Territorial Disputes and International Conflicts. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kreutz, Joakim. 2010. How and When Armed Conflicts End: Introducing the UCDP Conflict Termination Dataset. Journal of Peace Research 47 (2):243–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lake, David A. 2003. International Relations Theory and Internal Conflict: Insights from the Interstices. International Studies Review 5 (4):8189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lemke, Douglas. 2008. Power Politics and Wars Without States. American Journal of Political Science 52 (4):774–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Licklider, Roy. 1995. The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945–1993. American Political Science Review 89 (3):681–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maoz, Zeev. 1989. Joining the Club of Nations: Political Development and International Conflict, 1816–1976. International Studies Quarterly 33 (2):199231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mason, T. David, and Fett, Patrick J.. 1996. How Civil Wars End: A Rational Choice Approach. Journal of Conflict Resolution 40 (4):546–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Posen, Barry R. 1993. The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict. Survival 35 (1):2747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ray, James Lee. 2003. Explaining Interstate Conflict and War: What Should Be Controlled for? Conflict Management and Peace Science 20 (2):131.Google Scholar
Regan, Patrick M. 1996. Conditions for Successful Third-Party Intervention in Intrastate Conflicts. Journal of Conflict Resolution 40 (2):336–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, J. David, and Small, Melvin. 1972. The Wages of War, 1816–1965: A Statistical Handbook. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
Themner, Lotta, and Wallensteen, Peter. 2012. Armed Conflicts, 1946–2011. Journal of Peace Research 49 (4):565–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Toft, Monica Duffy. 2003. The Geography of Ethnic Violence. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Vasquez, John A. 1993. The War Puzzle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wagner, R. Harrison. 1993. The Causes of Peace. In Stopping the Killing: How Civil Wars End, edited by Licklider, Roy, 235–68. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Wagner, R. Harrison. 2000. Bargaining and War. American Journal of Political Science 44 (3):469–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wagner, R. Harrison. 2007. War and the State. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walter, Barbara F. 1997. The Critical Barrier to Civil War Settlement. International Organization 51 (3):335–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walter, Barbara F. 2002. Committing to Peace: The Successful Settlement of Civil Wars. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walter, Barbara F. 2009. Bargaining Failures and Civil War. Annual Review of Political Science 12:243–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Cunningham Supplementary Material

Zip

Download Cunningham Supplementary Material(File)
File 394 KB
Supplementary material: PDF

David E. Cunningham and Douglas Lemke Supplementary Material

Appendix

Download David E. Cunningham and Douglas Lemke Supplementary Material(PDF)
PDF 185 KB