Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5959bf8d4d-qtfcj Total loading time: 0.395 Render date: 2022-12-10T05:49:42.476Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 May 2009

George W. Downs
Affiliation:
Professor of World Politics of Peace and War in the Department of Politics and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
David M. Rocke
Affiliation:
Professor in the Graduate School of Management and the Graduate Group in Statistics at the University of California, Davis.
Peter N. Barsoom
Affiliation:
Candidate in the Department of Politics at Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
Get access

Abstract

Recent research on compliance in international regulatory regimes has argued (1) that compliance is generally quite good; (2) that this high level of compliance has been achieved with little attention to enforcement; (3) that those compliance problems that do exist are best addressed as management rather than enforcement problems; and (4) that the management rather than the enforcement approach holds the key to the evolution of future regulatory cooperation in the international system. While the descriptive findings above are largely correct, the policy inferences are dangerously contaminated by endogeneity and selection problems. A high rate of compliance is often the result of states formulating treaties that require them to do little more than they would do in the absence of a treaty. In those cases where noncompliance does occur and where the effects of selection are attenuated, both self-interest and enforcement play significant roles.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The IO Foundation 1996

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abreu, Dilip 1988. On the theory of infinitely repeated games with discounting. Econometrica 56: 383–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abreu, Dilip, Pearce, David, and Stacchetti, Ennio 1986. Optimal cartel equilibria with imperfect monitoring. Journal ofEconomic Theory 39: 251–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abreu, Dilip, Pearce, David, and Stacchetti, Ennio 1989. Renegotiation and symmetry in repeated games. Cowles Foundation discussion paper, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.Google Scholar
Arora, Seema, and Cason, Timothy N. 1995. An experiment in voluntary environmental regulation: Participation in EPA's 33/50 program. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 28: 271–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barrett, Scott 1994. Self-enforcing international environmental agreements. Oxford Economic Papers 46: 878–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bayard, Thomas O., and Elliott, Kimberly 1994. Reciprocity and retaliation in U.S. trade policy. Washington, D.C.: Institute of International Economics.Google Scholar
Bhagwati, Jagdish 1990. The world trading system at risk. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Burley, Anne-Marie, and Mattli, Walter 1993. Europe before the court: A political theory of legal integration. International Organization 47: 4176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burley, Anne-Marie, and Mattli, Walter 1991. Adjustment and compliance processes in international regulatory regimes. In Preserving the Global Environment, edited by Mathews, Jessica Tuchman. New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
Chayes, Abram, and Chayes, Antonio Handler 1990. From law enforcement to dispute settlement. International Security 14: 147–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chayes, Abram, and Chayes, Antonio Handler 1993a. The new sovereignty. Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Typescript.Google Scholar
Chayes, Abram, and Chayes, Antonio Handler 1993b. On compliance. International Organization 47: 175205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Downs, George W., and Rocke, David 1990. Tacit bargaining, arms races, and arms control. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Downs, George W., and Rocke, David 1995. Optimal imperfection? Institutions and domestic politics in international relations. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Duffy, Gloria 1988. Conditions that affect arms control compliance. In U.S.–Soviet Security Cooperation, edited by George, Alexander, Farley, Philip J., and Dallin, Alexander. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Goldblat, Jozef 1993. Arms control agreements: A handbook. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
Goldman, Emily 1994. Sunken treaties. University Park: Pennsylvania State Press.Google Scholar
Goldstein, Judith, and Keohane, Robert O., eds. 1993. Ideas and foreign policy. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Grossman, Gene, and Helpman, Elhanan 1994. Protection for sale. American Economic Review 84: 833–50.Google Scholar
Haas, Ernst 1990. When knowledge is power. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Haas, Peter M., ed. 1992. Knowledge, power, and international policy coordination. Special issue, International Organization 46: 1390.Google Scholar
Haas, Peter M., Keohane, Robert O., and Levy, Marc A., eds. 1993. Institutions for the earth: Sources of effective international environmental protection. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hawkins, Keith 1984. Environment and enforcement: Regulation and the social definition of pollution. Oxford Socio-legal Studies. Oxford: Clarendon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hudec, Robert E. 1990. Thinking about the new Section 301: Beyond good and evil. In Aggressive unilateralism: America's 301 trade policy and the world trading system, edited by Bhagwati, Jagdish and Patrick, Hugh T.Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
Hudec, Robert E. 1993. Enforcing international trade law: The evolution of the modem GATT legal system. Salem, N.H.: Butterworth.Google Scholar
Hungerford, Thomas L. 1991. GATT: A cooperative equilibrium in a noncooperative trading regime? Journal of International Economics 31: 357–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ikle, Fred Charles 1961. After detection—what? Foreign Affairs 39: 208–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kandori, Michihiro 1992. Social norms and community enforcement. Review of Economic Studies 59: 6380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaufman, Robert 1990. Arms control during the pre-nuclear era. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Martin, Lisa L. 1992. Coercive cooperation: Explaining multilateral economic sanctions.Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Mitchell, Ronald 1993. Compliance theory: A synthesis. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (RECIEL) 2: 327–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, Ronald 1994a. Intentional oil pollution at sea: Environmental policy and treaty compliance. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Mitchell, Ronald 1994b. Regime design matters: Intentional oil pollution and treaty compliance. International Organization 48: 425–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, Ronald 1995. Altering consequences, opportunities, information, and values: Strategies of international social control. University of Oregon. Typescript.Google Scholar
Murdoch, James C, and Sandier, Todd 1994. The voluntary provision of a pure public good: The case of reduced CFC emissions and the Montreal Protocol. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. Typescript.Google Scholar
Ostrom, Elinor 1990. Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oye, Kenneth A. 1994. Comment on John Jackson. In Managing the world economy, edited by Kenen, Peter B.Washington, D.C.: Institute of International Economics.Google Scholar
Peterson, M.J. 1993. International fisheries management. In Institutions for the earth: Sources of effective international environmental protection, edited by Haas, Peter M., Keohane, Robert O., and Levy, Marc A.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Scholz, John T. 1984. Voluntary compliance and regulatory enforcement. Law and Policy 6: 385404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sparrow, Malcolm K. 1994. Imposing duties: Government's changing approach to compliance. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.Google Scholar
Staiger, Robert 1995. International rules and institutions for trade policy. In Handbook of International Economics, vol. 2. Edited by Grossman, Gene and Rogoff, Kenneth. New York: North Holland.Google Scholar
Sykes, Alan O. 1990. Mandatory retaliation for breach of trade agreements: Some thoughts on the strategic design of Section 301. Boston University International Law Journal 8: 301–31.Google Scholar
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1990. Arms control and disarmament agreements. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.Google Scholar
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1991. The strategic arms reduction treaty, START data base.Google Scholar
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1992. Constructive unilateral threats in international commercial relations: The limited case for Section 301. Law and Policy in International Business 23: 263332.Google Scholar
Young, Oran 1989. International cooperation. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Young, Oran 1994. International governance: Protecting the environment in a stateless society. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
688
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation?
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation?
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation?
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *