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Edward Aspinall . 2007. The Construction of Grievance: Natural Resources and Identity in a Separatist Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution 51 (6):571–85.
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Mikulas Fabry . 2010. Recognizing States: International Society and the Establishment of New States Since 1776. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
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Erin K. Jenne , Stephen M. Saideman , and Will Lowe . 2007. Separatism as a Bargaining Posture: The Role of Leverage in Minority Radicalization. Journal of Peace Research 44 (5):539–58.
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Öyvind Österud . 1997. The Narrow Gate: Entry to the Club of Sovereign States. Review of International Studies 23 (2):167–84.
Stephen M. Saideman 2001. The Ties That Divide: Ethnic Politics, Foreign Policy and International Conflict. New York: Columbia University Press.
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Jason C. Sharman 2013. International Hierarchies and Contemporary Imperial Governance: A Tale of Three Kingdoms. European Journal of International Relations 19 (2):189–207.
Barbara F. Walter 2006a. Information, Uncertainty, and the Decision to Secede. International Organization 60 (1):105–35.
Barbara F. Walter 2009. Reputation and Civil War: Why Separatist Conflicts Are So Violent. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.