Aldrich John, Sullivan John, and Borgida Eugene. 1989. Foreign affairs and issue voting. American Political Science Review 83:123–41.
Allison Paul D. 1984. Event history analysis: Regression for longitudinal event data. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.
Almond Gabriel. 1950. The American people and foreign policy. New York: Praeger.
Axelrod Robert. 1984. The evolution of cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
Babst Dean. 1972. A force for peace. Industrial Research, 04, 55–58.
Barnett Michael N., and Levy Jack S.. 1991. Domestic sources of alliances and alignments: The case of Egypt, 1962–73. International Organization 45:369–95.
Bienen Henry, and Van de Walle Nicholas. 1991. Of time and power. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
Bobbio Norberto. 1990. Liberalism and democracy. Translated by Martin Ryle and Kate Soper. London: Verso.
Bueno de Mesquita Bruce. 1981. The war trap. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
Bueno de Mesquita Bruce, and Lalman David. 1986. Reason and war. American Political Science Review 80:1113–30.
Burley Anne-Marie. 1993. International law and international relations theory: A dual agenda. American Journal of International Law 87:205–38.
Chan Steve. 1984. Mirror, mirror on the wall … Are the freer countries more pacific? Journal of Conflict Resolution 28:617–48.
Converse Philip. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In Ideology and discontent, edited by Apter David. New York: Free Press.
Degenhardt Henry. 1986. Treaties and alliances of the world. 4th ed.Essex, England: Longman Group.
Dixon William. 1993. Democracy and the management of international conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution 37:42–68.
Dixon William. 1994. Democracy and the peaceful settlement of international conflict. American Political Science Review 88:14–32.
Doyle Michael. 1983. Kant, liberal legacies, and foreign affairs. Parts 1 and 2. Philosophy and Public Affairs 12:205–35, 323–53.
Doyle Michael. 1986. Liberalism and world politics. American Political Science Review 80:1151–69.
Fearon James. 1990. Deterrence and the spiral model: The role of costly signals in crisis bargaining. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, 30 August–2 September.
Gaubatz Kurt Taylor. 1995. Intervention and intransitivity: Public opinion, social choice, and the use of military force abroad. World Politics 47:534–54.
Grenville J. A. S. 1974. The major international treaties: 1914–1973. New York: Stein and Day.
Grenville J. A. S., and Wasserstein Bernard. 1987. The major international treaties since 1945. London: Methuen.
Grieco Joseph. 1988. Anarchy and the limits of cooperation: A realist critique of the newest liberal institutionalism. International Organization 42:485–507.
Hartz Louis. 1955. The liberal tradition in America. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.
Hochschild Jennifer. 1981. What's fair. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Holmes Jack. 1985. The mood/interest theory of American foreign policy. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.
Holsti Ole. 1992. Public opinion and foreign policy: Challenges to the Almond–Lippmann consensus. International Studies Quarterly 36:439–66.
Holsti Ole, Hopmann Terrence, and Sullivan John. 1973. Unity and disintegration in international alliances: Comparative studies. New York: Wiley.
Huntington Samuel P. 1991. The third wave: Democratization in the late twentieth century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Hurst Michael. 1972. Key treaties for the great powers: 1814–1914. 2 vols. New York: St. Martin's.
Jervis Robert. 1989. Rational deterrence: Theory and evidence. World Politics 41:183–207.
Kalbfleisch John D., and Prentice Ross L.. 1980. The statistical analysis of failure time data. New York: Wiley.
Kant Immanuel.  1991. Idea for a universal history with a cosmopolitan purpose. Reprint, in Kant: Political writings. 2d ed. edited by Reiss Hans and translated by Nisbet H. B.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant Immanuel.  1991. Perpetual peace: A philosophical sketch. Reprint, in Kant: Political writings. 2d ed. edited by Reiss Hans and translated by Nisbet H. B.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kegley Charles, and Raymond Gregory. 1990. When trust breaks down: Alliance norms and world politics. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
Keohane Robert. 1984. After hegemony: Cooperation and discord in the world political economy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Keohane Robert, and Nye Joseph. 1977. Power and interdependence: World politics in transition. Boston: Little, Brown.
Kiefer Nicholas. 1988. Economic duration data and hazard functions. Journal of Economic Literature 26:646–79.
Klingberg Frank. 1952. The historical alternation of moods in American foreign policy. World Politics 4:239–73.
Lalman David. 1988. Conflict resolution and peace. American Journal of Political Science 32:590–615.
Lancaster Tony. 1990. The econometric analysis of transition data. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lawless Jerald. 1982. Statistical models and methods for lifetime data. New York: Wiley.
Lee Elisa. 1992. Statistical methods for survival data analysis. 2d ed.New York: Wiley.
Lippmann Walter. 1955. Essays in the public philosophy. Boston: Little, Brown.
Lowe C. J. 1967. The reluctant imperialists: British foreign policy, 1878–1902. Vol. 1. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Machiavelli Niccolo.  1970. The discourses. Translated by Walker Leslie J. and edited by Crick Bernard. Middlesex, England: Penguin.
Manning D. J. 1976. Liberalism. New York: St. Martin's.
Maoz Zeev, and Abdolali Nasrin. 1989. Regime types and international conflict, 1816–1976. Journal of Conflict Resolution 33:3–35.
Maoz Zeev, and Russett Bruce. 1993. Normative and structural causes of democratic peace, 1946–1986. American Political Science Review 87:624–38.
McLean Iain. 1987. Public choice: An introduction. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Monroe Alan. 1979. Consistency between public preferences and national policy decisions. American Politics Quarterly 7:3–19.
Neff Stephen C. 1990. Friends but no allies: Economic liberalism and the law of nations. New York: Columbia University Press.
Nincic Miroslav. 1992. Democracy and foreign policy: The fallacy of political realism. New York: Columbia University Press.
North Douglas, and Weingast Barry. 1989. Constitutions and commitment: The evolution of institutions governing public choice in seventeenth-century England. Journal of Economic History 49:803–32.
Page Benjamin, and Shapiro Robert. 1983. Effects of public opinion on policy. American Political Science Review 77:175–90.
Page Benjamin, and Shapiro Robert. 1991. The rational public: Fifty years of trends in Americans' policy preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Putnam Robert D. 1988. Diplomacy and domestic politics: The logic of two-level games. International Organization 42:427–60.
Rawls John. 1993. Political liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Riker William. 1982. Liberalism against populism. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.
Russett Bruce. 1971. An empirical typology of international military alliances. Midwest Journal of Political Science 15:262–89.
Russett Bruce. 1990. Controlling the sword: The democratic governance of national security. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Russett Bruce. 1993. Grasping the democratic peace: Principles for a post–cold war world. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Sabrosky Alan. 1980. Interstate alliances: Their reliability and the expansion of war. In The correlates of war, edited by Singer J. David. Vol. 2. New York: The Free Press.
Schelling Thomas. 1960. The strategy of conflict. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Schelling Thomas. 1966. Arms and influence. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
Shapiro Robert, and Page Benjamin. 1988. Foreign policy and the rational public. Journal of Conflict Resolution 32:211–47.
Singer J. David, and Small Melvin. 1966. Annual alliance membership data: 1815–1965. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) no. 5602. Ann Arbor, Mich.: ICPSR.
Singer J. David, and Small Melvin. 1984. Wages of war, 1816–1980: Augmented with disputes and civil war data. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) no. 9044. Ann Arbor, Mich.: ICPSR.
Siverson Randolph, and Emmons Juliann. 1991. Birds of a feather: Democratic political systems and alliance choices. Journal of Conflict Resolution 35:285–306.
Small Melvin, and Singer David J.. 1976. The war-proneness of democratic regimes, 1816–1965. The Jerusalem Journal of International Relations 1:50–69.
Spence Michael. 1974. Market signaling: Informational transfer in hiring and related screening processes. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Taylor A. J. P. 1961. The origins of the second world war. 2d ed.New York: Fawcett.
Thucydides. [400 B.C.] 1951. History of the Peloponnesian War. Translated by Crawley. New York: Random House.
Tocqueville Alexis de.  1969. Democracy in America. Translated by Lawrence George. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
Velde François, and Sargent Thomas. 1995. The macro-economic causes and consequences of the French revolution. Journal of Political Economy 103:474–518.
von Glahn Gerhard.  1992. Law among nations: An introduction to public international law. 4th ed.New York: Collier.
Walt Stephen. 1987. The origin of alliances. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Waltz Kenneth. 1967. Foreign policy and democratic politics: The American and British experience. Boston: Little, Brown.
Waltz Kenneth. 1979. Theory of international politics. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.
Weede Erich. 1984. Democracy and war involvement. Journal of Conflict Resolution 28:649–64.