Adger, Neil. 2003. Social Capital, Collective Action, and Adaptation to Climate Change. Economic Geography 79 (4):387–404.
Agnew, Robert. 2012. Dire Forecast: A Theoretical Model of the Impact of Climate Change on Crime. Theoretical Criminology 16 (1):21–42.
Aldwin, Carolyn. 1991. Does Age Affect the Stress and Coping Process? Implications of Age Differences in Perceived Control. Journal of Gerontology 46 (4):174–80.
Anderson, Craig A. 2012. Heat and Violence. Current Directions in Psychological Science 10 (1):133–38.
Anderson, Craig A., Anderson, Kathryn B., Dorr, Nancy, DeNeve, Kristina M., and Flanagan, Mindy. 2000. Temperature and Aggression. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 32 (1):63–133.
Anderson, Craig A., and Delisi, Matt. 2011. Implications of Global Climate Change for Violence in Developed and Developing Countries. In The Psychology of Social Conflict and Aggression, edited by Forgas, Joseph P., Krugianski, Arie W., and Williams, Kipling D., 249–65. New York: Psychology Press.
Armstrong, Paula S., and Schulman, Michael D.. 1990. Financial Strain and Depression Among Farm Operators: The Role of Perceived Economic Hardship and Personal Control. Rural Sociology 55 (4):475–93.
Bandura, Albert. 1973. Aggression: A Social Leaning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Barnett, Jon, and Adger, Neil. 2007. Climate Change, Human Security, and Violence. Political Geography 26 (6):639–55.
Barrios, Salvador, Bertinelli, Luisito, and Strobl, Eric. 2010. Trends in Rainfall and Economic Growth in Africa: A Neglected Cause of the African Growth Tragedy. Review of Economics and Statistics 92 (2):350–66.
Berkowitz, Leonard. 1989. Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis: Examination and Reformulation. Psychological Bulletin 106 (1):59–73.
Berkowitz, Leonard. 1993. Pain and Aggression: Some Findings and Implications. Motivation and Emotion 17 (3):277–93.
Berry, John W. 1997. Immigration, Acculturation, and Adaptation. Applied Psychology: An International Review 46 (1):5–68.
Berry, John W. 2006. Stress Perspectives on Acculturation. In The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology, edited by Sam, David L., Berry, John W., 43–57. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bhavnani, Rikhil, and Lacina, Bethany. 2015. The Effects of Weather-Induced Migration on Sons of the Soil Violence in India. Journal of Politics 67 (4):760–94.
Biermann, Frank, and Dingwerth, Klaus. 2004. Global Environmental Change and the Nation State. Global Environmental Politics 4 (1):1–22.
Black, Richard, Adger, W. Neil, Arnell, Nigel W., Dercon, Stefan, Geddes, Andrew, and Thomas, David. 2011. The Effect of Environmental Change on Human Migration. Global Environmental Change 21 (1): 3–11.
Black, Richard, Arnell, Nigel W., Adger, W. Neil, Thomas, David, and Geddes, Andrew. 2013. Migration, Immobility, and Displacement Outcomes of Extreme Events in Nature and Society. Environmental Science and Policy 27 (1):32–43.
Blair, Graeme, Fair, C. Christine, Malhotra, Neil, and Shapiro, Jacob N.. 2013. Poverty and Support for Militant Politics: Evidence from Pakistan. American Journal of Political Science 57 (1):30–48.
Bohnet, Heidrun, Cottier, Fabien, and Hug, Simon. 2014. Conflict versus Disaster-Induced Migration. Similar or Distinct Implications for Security? Unpublished manuscript.
Bove, Vincenzo, and Böhmelt, Tobias. 2016. Does Immigration Induce Terrorism? Journal of Politics 78 (2):572–88.
Rachel, Brett, and Specht, Irma. 2004. Young Soldiers: Why They Choose to Fight. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Buhaug, Halvard. 2010. Climate Not to Blame for African Civil Wars. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (38):16477–82.
Buhaug, Halvard. 2015. Climate-Conflict Research: Some Reflections on the Way Forward. WIREs Climate Change 6 (3):269–75.
Buhaug, Halvard, Benjaminsen, Tor A., Sjaastad, Espen, and Theisen, Ole Magnus. 2015. Climate Variability, Food Production Shocks, and Violent Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. Environmental Research Letters 10 (12):269–75.
Buhaug, H., Nordkvelle, J., Bernauer, T., Böhmelt, T., et al. 2014. One Effect to Rule Them All? A Comment on Quantifying the Influence of Climate on Human Conflict. Climatic Change 127 (3–4):391–98.
Burke, Marshall, Hsiang, Solomon M., and Miguel, Edward. 2015a. Climate and Conflict. Annual Review of Economics 7 (1):577–617
Burke, Marshall, Hsiang, Solomon M., and Miguel, Edward. 2015b. Global Non-linear Effects of Temperature on Economic Production. Nature 527:235–39.
Burke, Marshall, Miguel, Edward, Satyanath, Shanker, Dykema, John, and Lobell, David. 2009. Warming Increases the Risk of Civil War in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (49):20670–74.
CAN. 2007. National Security and the Threat of Climate Change. Alexandria, VA: CAN Corporation.
Canetti-Nisim, Daphna, Halperin, Eran, Sharvit, Keren, and Hobfoll, Stevan E.. 2009. A New Stress-Based Model of Political Extremism: Personal Exposure to Terrorism, Psychological Distress, and Exclusionist Political Attitudes. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (3):363–89.
Caruso, Paul, Petrarca, Ilaria, and Ricciuti, Roberto. 2016. Climate Change, Rice Crops, and Violence: Evidence from Indonesia. Journal of Peace Research 53 (1):66–83.
Catani, Claudia, Jacob, Nadja, Schauer, Elisabeth, Kohila, Mahendran, and Neuner, Frank. 2008. Family Violence, War, and Natural Disasters: A Study of the Effect of Extreme Stress on Children's Mental Health in Sri Lanka. BMC Psychiatry 8 (33):1–10.
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Skrede Gleditsch, Kristian, and Buhaug, Halvard. 2013. Inequality, Grievances, and Civil War. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Weidmann, Nils, and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2011. Horizontal Inequalities and Ethonationalist Civil War: A Global Comparison. American Political Science Review 105(3): 478–95.
Collier, Paul. 2000. Policy for Post-Conflict Societies: Reducing the Risks of Renewed Conflict. Unpublished manuscript, Oxford University.
Dancygier, Rafaela M. 2010. Immigration and Conflict in Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Davies, James Chowning. 1962. Toward a Theory of Revolution. American Sociological Review 27 (1):5–19.
Dell, Melissa, Jones, Benjamin, and Olken, Benjamin. 2012. Temperature Shocks and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Last Half Century. American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 4 (3): 66–95.
Dell, Melissa, Jones, Benjamin, and Olken, Benjamin. 2014. What Do We Learn from the Weather? The New Climate-Economy Literature. Journal of Economic Literature 52 (3):740–98.
Dennig, Francis, Budolfson, Mark B., Fleurbaey, Marc, Siebert, Asher, and Socolow, Robert H.. 2015. Inequality, Climate Impacts on the Future Poor, and Carbon Prices. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 (52):15827–32.
Dessai, Suraje, Adger, W. Neil, Hulme, Mike, Turnpenny, John, Köhler, Jonathan, Warren, Rachel. 2004. Defining and Experiencing Dangerous Climate Change: An Editorial Essay. Climatic Change 64:11–25.
Doherty, Thomas J., and Clayton, Susan. 2011. The Psychological Impacts of Global Climate Change. American Psychologist 66 (4):265–76.
Drury, John, Brow, Rupert, González, Roberto, and Miranda, Daniel. 2016. Emergent Social Identity and Observing Social Support Predict Social Support Provided by Survivors in a Disaster: Solidarity in the 2010 Chile Earthquake. European Journal of Social Psychology 46 (2):209–23.
Drury, John, Cocking, Chris, and Reicher, Steve. 2009. Everyone for Themselves? A Comparative Study of Crowd Solidarity Among Emergency Survivors. British Journal of Social Psychology 48 (3):487–506.
Eisler, Richard M., Skidmore, Jay R., and Ward, Clay H.. 1988. Masculine Gender-Role Stress: Predictor of Anger, Anxiety, and Health-Risk Behaviors. Journal of Personality Assessment 52 (1):133–41.
Ember, Carol R., and Ember, Melvin. 1994. War, Socialization, and Interpersonal Violence. Journal of Conflict Resolution 38 (4):620–46.
EM-DAT/OFDA/CRED. 2013. EM-DAT: The International Disaster Database. Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium). Available at <http://www.emdat.be>.
Esposito, John L., and Voll, John O.. 1996. Islam and Democracy. New York: Oxford University.
Fearon, James, and Laitin, David. 2011. Sons of the Soil, Migrants, and Civil War. World Development 39 (2):199–211.
Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada, and Gowdy, John. 2007. Environmental Degradation and Happiness. Ecological Economics 60 (3):509–16.
Fjelde, Hanne, and von Uexkull, Nina. 2012. Climate Triggers: Rainfall Anomalies, Vulnerability and Communal Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. Political Geography 31 (7):444–53.
Garbarino, James. 1995. Raising Children in a Socially Toxic Environment. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Gartzke, Erik, and Böhmelt, Tobias. 2015. Climate and Conflict: Whence the Weather? Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 21 (4):445–51.
Gelman, Andrew, and Hill, Jennifer. 2007. Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gemenne, Francois. 2011. Why the Numbers Don't Add Up: A Review of Estimates and Predictions of People Displaced by Environmental Changes. Global Environmental Change 21 (S1):S41–S49.
Ghimire Ramesh, Susana Ferreira, and Dorfman, Jeffrey. 2015. Flood-Induced Displacement and Civil Conflict. World Development 66 (C):614–28.
Gleditsch, Nils Peter, Nordås, Ragnhild, and Salehyan, Idean. 2007. Climate Change and Conflict: The Migration Link. New York: International Peace Academy.
Goldstone, Jack A. 2001. Environmental Conflict: An Anthology. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Goldstone, Jack A. 2002. Population and Security. How Demographic Change Can Lead to Violent Conflict. Journal of International Affairs 56 (1):3–21.
Gurr, Ted R. 1970. Why Men Rebel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Haer, Roos, and Böhmelt, Tobias. 2016. Child Soldiers as Time Bombs? Adolescents’ Participation in Rebel Groups and the Recurrence of Armed Conflict. European Journal of International Relations 22 (2):408–36.
Hall, Jonathan. 2016. Are Migrants More Extreme Than Locals After War? Evidence from a Simultaneous Survey of Migrants in Sweden and Locals in Bosnia. Journal of Conflict Resolution 60 (1):89–117.
Hecker, Tobias, Hermenau, Katharin, Maedl, Anna, Hinkel, Harald, Schauer, Maggie, and Elbert, Thomas. 2013. Does Perpetrating Violence Damage Mental Health? Differences Between Forcibly Recruited and Voluntary Combatants in DR Congo. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26 (1):142–48.
Hobfoll, Steven E., Canetti-Nisim, Daphna, and Johnson, Robert J.. 2006. Exposure to Terrorism, Stress-Related Mental Health Symptoms, and Defensive Coping Among Jews and Arabs in Israel. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 74 (2):207–18.
Holt, Stephanie, Buckley, Helen, and Whelan, Sadhbh. 2008. The Impact of Exposure to Domestic Violence on Children and Young People: A Review of the Literature. Child Abuse and Neglect 32 (8):797–810.
Homer-Dixon, Thomas F. 1999. Environment, Scarcity, Violence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hsiang, Solomon M., Burke, Marshall, and Miguel, Edward. 2013. Quantifying the Influence of Climate on Human Conflict. Science 341 (6151). doi: 10.1126/science.1235367.
Hsiang, Solomon M., Meng, Kyle C., and Cane, Mark A.. 2011. Civil Conflicts Are Associated with the Global Climate. Nature 476:438–41.
Hunter, Lori M., Luna, Jessie K., and Norton, Rachel M.. 2015. Environmental Dimensions of Migration. Annual Review of Sociology 41 (6):1–21.
Jencson, Linda. 2001. Disastrous Rites: Liminality and Communitas in a Flood Crisis. Anthropology and Humanism 26 (1):46–58.
Kahl, Colin H. 2006. States, Scarcity, and Civil Strife in the Developing World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kawachi, Ichiro, and Berkman, Lisa. 2001. Social Ties and Mental Health. Journal of Urban Health 78 (3):458–67.
Kelley, Colin P., Mohtadi, Shahrzad, Cane, Mark A., Seager, Richard, and Kushnir, Yochanan. 2015. Climate Change in the Fertile Crescent and Implications of the Recent Syrian Drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 (11):3241–46.
Koubi, Vally, Bernauer, Thomas, Kalbhenn, Anna, and Spilker, Gabriele. 2012. Climate Variability, Economic Growth, and Conflict. Journal of Peace Research 49 (1):113–27.
Koubi, Vally, Spilker, Gabriele, Schaffer, Lena, and Böhmelt, Tobias. 2016. The Role of Environmental Perceptions in Migration Decision-making: Evidence from Both Migrants and Nonmigrants in Five Developing Countries. Population and Environment 38 (2):134–63.
Koubi, Vally, Stoll, Sebastian, and Spilker, Gabriele. 2016. Perceptions of Environmental Change and Migration Decisions. Climatic Change 138 (3):439–51.
Kreft, Sönke, and Eckstein, David. 2014. Global Climate Risk Index 2014. Who Suffers Most from Extreme Weather Events? Weather-Related Loss Events in 2012 and 1993 to 2012. Briefing Paper, Germanwatch. Available at <https://germanwatch.org/en/7659>.
Laczko, Frank, and Aghazarm, Christine, eds. 2009. Migration, Environment, and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.
Lilleør, Helene Bie, and Van den Broeck, Katleen. 2011. Economic Drivers of Migration and Climate Change in LDCs. Global Environmental Change 21 (S1):S70–S81.
Linke, Andrew M., O'Loughlin, John, McCabe, J. Terrence, Tir, Jaroslav, and Witmer, Frank D.W.. 2015. Rainfall Variability and Violence in Rural Kenya: Investigating the Effects of Drought and the Role of Local Institutions with Survey Data. Global Environmental Change 34 (1):35–47.
Linke, Andrew M., Schutte, Sebastian, and Buhaug, Halvard. 2015. Population Attitudes and the Spread of Political Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Studies Review 17 (1):26–45.
Lischer, Sarah Kenyon. 2008. Security and Displacement in Iraq. International Security 33 (2): 95–119.
Luechinger, Simon, and Raschky, Paul A.. 2009. Valuing Flood Disasters Using the Life Satisfaction Approach. Journal of Public Economics 93 (3–4):620–33.
Lyall, Jason, Blair, Graeme, and Imai, Kosuke. 2013. Explaining Support for Combatants During Wartime: A Survey Experiment in Afghanistan. American Political Science Review 107 (4):679–705.
Lyons, Terrence. 2007. Conflict-Generated Diasporas and Transnational Politics in Ethiopia. Conflict, Security, and Development 7 (4):529–49.
Maddison, David, and Rehdanz, Katrin. 2011. The Impact of Climate on Life-Satisfaction. Ecological Economics 70 (12):2437–45.
Massey, Douglas S. 1990. Social Structure, Household Strategies, and the Cumulative Causation of Migration. Population Index 56 (1):3–26.
Massey, Douglas S., Axinn, William, and Ghimire, Dirgha J.. 2010 Environmental Change and Out-Migration: Evidence from Nepal. Population and Environment 3 (1):109–36.
Maystadt, Jean-Francois, and Ecker, Olivier. 2014. Extreme Weather and Civil War in Somalia: Does Drought Fuel Conflict in Somalia through Livestock Price Shocks? American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96 (4):1157–82.
Mirowsky, John, and Ross, Catherine E.. 2003. Social Causes of Psychological Distress. 2nd ed. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Mortreux, Colette, and Barnett, Jon. 2009. Climate Change, Migration, and Adaptation in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Global Environmental Change 19 (1):105–12.
Moser, Caroline O., and Rodgers, David. 2005. Change, Violence, and Insecurity in Non-Conflict Situations. Working Paper 245. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Myers, Norman. 1993. Ultimate Security: The Environmental Basis of Political Stability. New York: Norton.
Myers, Norman. 2002. Environmental Refugees: A Growing Phenomenon of the Twenty-first Century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 357 (1420):609–13.
ND-GAIN (Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index). 2013. Climate Change Adaptation Program. University of Notre Dame Environmental Change Initiative. Available at <http://index.gain.org/ranking>.
Nel, Philip, and Righarts, Marjolein. 2008. Natural Disasters and the Risk of Violent Civil Conflict. International Studies Quarterly 52 (1):159–85.
O'Loughlin, John, Witmer, Frank D.W., Linke, Andrew M., Laing, Arlene, Gettelman, Andrew, and Dudhia, Jimy. 2012. Climate Variability and Conflict Risk in East Africa, 1990–2009. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (45):18344–49.
Oyefusi, Aderoju. 2008. Oil and the Probability of Rebel Participation Among Youths in the Niger Delta. Journal of Peace Research 45 (4):539–55.
Piazza, James A. 2007. Draining the Swamp: Democracy Promotion, State Failure, and Terrorism in Nineteen Middle Eastern Countries. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 3 (6):521–39.
Piguet, Etienne. 2010. Linking Climate Change, Environmental Degradation, and Migration: A Methodological Overview. Climate Change 1 (4):517–24.
Prediger, Sebastian, Vollan, Bjorn, and Herrmann, Benedikt. 2014. Resource Scarcity and Antisocial Behavior. Journal of Public Economics 119:1–9.
Rabe-Hesketh, Sophia, and Skrondal, Anders. 2009. Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata. College Station, TX: Stata Press.
Reardon, Thomas, and Taylor, J. Edward. 1996. Agroclimatic Shock, Income Inequality, and Poverty: Evidence from Burkina Faso. World Development 24 (5):901–14.
Renaud, Fabrice G., Dun, Olivia, Warner, Coco, and Bogardi, J.. 2011. A Decision Framework for Environmentally Induced Migration. International Migration 49 (1):e3–e29.
Reuveny, Rafael. 2007. Climate Change-Induced Migration and Violent Conflict. Political Geography 26 (6):656–73.
Rodriguez, Havidan, Trainor, Joseph, and Quarantelli, Enrico L.. 2006. Rising to the Challenges of a Catastrophe: The Emergent and Pro-social Behavior Following Hurricane Katrina. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 604 (1):82–101.
Rummel, Rudolph Joseph. 1976. Perceiving and Behaving. In Understanding Conflict and War: The Conflict Helix. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Salehyan, Idean. 2007. Refugees and the Study of Civil War. Civil Wars 9 (2):127–41.
Salehyan, Idean. 2008. From Climate Change to Conflict? No Consensus Yet. Journal of Peace Research 45 (3):315–26.
Salehyan, Idean. 2014. Climate Change and Conflict: Making Sense of Disparate Findings. Political Geography 43 (1):1–5.
Salehyan, Idean, and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2006. Refugee Flows and the Spread of Civil War. International Organization 60 (2):335–66.
Sandler, Todd. 1992. Collective Action: Theory and Applications. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Schaffer, Lena Maria, and Spilker, Gabriele. 2016 Adding Another Level: Individual Responses to Globalization and Government Welfare Policies. Political Science Research and Methods 4 (2):399–426.
Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich, Donges, Jonathan F., Donner, Reik V., and Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim. 2016. Armed-conflict Risks Enhanced by Climate-related Disasters in Ethnically Fractionalized Countries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (33):9216–21.
Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim, Routledge, Clay, Arndt, Jamie, and Zhou, Xinyue. 2009. Buffering Acculturative Stress and Facilitating Cultural Adaptation: Nostalgia as a Psychological Resource. In Understanding Culture: Theory, Research and Application, edited by Wyer, Robert S., Chiu, Chi-yue, and Hong, Ying-yi, 361–78. New York: Psychology Press.
Sen, Amartya, ed. 2011. Peace and Democratic Society. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.
Shuval, Judith. 2001. Migration, Health, and Stress. In The Blackwell Companion to Medical Sociology, edited by Cockerham, William C., 126–43. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Smith, Todd Graham. 2014. Feeding Unrest: Disentangling the Causal Relationship Between Food Price Shocks and Sociopolitical Conflict in Urban Africa. Journal of Peace Research 51 (6):679–95.
Stern, Jessica. 2010. How to Deradicalize Islamist Extremists: Mind Over Martyr. Foreign Affairs 89 (1):95–108.
Suhrke, Astri. 1997. Environmental Degradation, Migration, and the Potential for Violent Conflict. In Conflict and the Environment, edited by Gleditsch, Nils Petter et al. , 255–72. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Sullivan, John L., Marcus, George E., Feldman, Stanley, and Piereson, James E.. 1981. The Sources of Political Tolerance: A Multivariate Analysis. American Political Science Review 75 (1):92–106.
Taft, Casey T., Creech, Suzannah K., and Kachadourian, Lorig. 2012. Assessment and Treatment of Posttraumatic Anger and Aggression: A Review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 49 (5):777–88.
Theisen, Ole Magnus, Gleditsch, Nils Petter, and Buhaug, Halvard. 2013. Is Climate Change a Driver of Armed Conflict? Climatic Change 117 (3):613–25.
Theisen, Ole Magnus, Holtermann, Helge, and Buhaug, Halvard. 2011. Climate Wars? Assessing the Claim that Drought Breeds Conflict. International Security 36 (1):79–106.
Tol, Richard S.J. 2009. The Economic Effects of Climate Change. Journal of Economic Perspectives 23 (2):29–51.
Urdal, Henrik. 2006. A Clash of Generations? Youth Bulges and Political Violence. International Studies Quarterly 50 (3):607–30.
Vinck, Patrick, Pham, Phuong N., Stover, Eric, and Weinstein, Harvey M.. 2007. Exposure to War Crimes and Implications for Peace Building in Northern Uganda. Journal of the American Medical Association 298 (3):543–54.
Von Uexkull, Nina, Coicu, Mihai, Fjelde, Hanne, and Buhaug, Halvard. 2016. Civil Conflict Sensitivity to Growing Season Drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Available at <https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1607542113>.
Warner, Coco. 2011. Environmental Change and Migration: Methodological Considerations from Ground-Breaking Global Survey. Population and Environment 33 (1):3–27.
Warraich, Haider, Zaidi, Anita K.M., and Patel, Kavita. 2011. Floods in Pakistan: A Public Health Crisis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 89 (3):236–37.
Zolberg, Aristide, Suhrke, Astri, and Aguayo, Sergio. 1989. Escape from Violence: Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World. New York: Oxford University Press.