Skip to main content
×
Home

Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation?

  • George W. Downs (a1), David M. Rocke (a2) and Peter N. Barsoom (a3)
Abstract

Recent research on compliance in international regulatory regimes has argued (1) that compliance is generally quite good; (2) that this high level of compliance has been achieved with little attention to enforcement; (3) that those compliance problems that do exist are best addressed as management rather than enforcement problems; and (4) that the management rather than the enforcement approach holds the key to the evolution of future regulatory cooperation in the international system. While the descriptive findings above are largely correct, the policy inferences are dangerously contaminated by endogeneity and selection problems. A high rate of compliance is often the result of states formulating treaties that require them to do little more than they would do in the absence of a treaty. In those cases where noncompliance does occur and where the effects of selection are attenuated, both self-interest and enforcement play significant roles.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Abreu Dilip 1988. On the theory of infinitely repeated games with discounting. Econometrica 56: 383–96.
Abreu Dilip, Pearce David, and Stacchetti Ennio 1986. Optimal cartel equilibria with imperfect monitoring. Journal ofEconomic Theory 39: 251–69.
Abreu Dilip, Pearce David, and Stacchetti Ennio 1989. Renegotiation and symmetry in repeated games. Cowles Foundation discussion paper, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Arora Seema, and Cason Timothy N. 1995. An experiment in voluntary environmental regulation: Participation in EPA's 33/50 program. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 28: 271–86.
Barrett Scott 1994. Self-enforcing international environmental agreements. Oxford Economic Papers 46: 878–94.
Bayard Thomas O., and Elliott Kimberly 1994. Reciprocity and retaliation in U.S. trade policy. Washington, D.C.: Institute of International Economics.
Bhagwati Jagdish 1990. The world trading system at risk. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Burley Anne-Marie, and Mattli Walter 1993. Europe before the court: A political theory of legal integration. International Organization 47: 4176.
Burley Anne-Marie, and Mattli Walter 1991. Adjustment and compliance processes in international regulatory regimes. In Preserving the Global Environment, edited by Mathews Jessica Tuchman. New York: W.W. Norton.
Chayes Abram, and Chayes Antonio Handler 1990. From law enforcement to dispute settlement. International Security 14: 147–64.
Chayes Abram, and Chayes Antonio Handler 1993a. The new sovereignty. Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Typescript.
Chayes Abram, and Chayes Antonio Handler 1993b. On compliance. International Organization 47: 175205.
Downs George W., and Rocke David 1990. Tacit bargaining, arms races, and arms control. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Downs George W., and Rocke David 1995. Optimal imperfection? Institutions and domestic politics in international relations. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Duffy Gloria 1988. Conditions that affect arms control compliance. In U.S.–Soviet Security Cooperation, edited by George Alexander, Farley Philip J., and Dallin Alexander. New York: Oxford University Press.
Goldblat Jozef 1993. Arms control agreements: A handbook. New York: Praeger.
Goldman Emily 1994. Sunken treaties. University Park: Pennsylvania State Press.
Goldstein Judith, and Keohane Robert O., eds. 1993. Ideas and foreign policy. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Grossman Gene, and Helpman Elhanan 1994. Protection for sale. American Economic Review 84: 833–50.
Haas Ernst 1990. When knowledge is power. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Haas Peter M., ed. 1992. Knowledge, power, and international policy coordination. Special issue, International Organization 46: 1390.
Haas Peter M., Keohane Robert O., and Levy Marc A., eds. 1993. Institutions for the earth: Sources of effective international environmental protection. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Hawkins Keith 1984. Environment and enforcement: Regulation and the social definition of pollution. Oxford Socio-legal Studies. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hudec Robert E. 1990. Thinking about the new Section 301: Beyond good and evil. In Aggressive unilateralism: America's 301 trade policy and the world trading system, edited by Bhagwati Jagdish and Patrick Hugh T.Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Hudec Robert E. 1993. Enforcing international trade law: The evolution of the modem GATT legal system. Salem, N.H.: Butterworth.
Hungerford Thomas L. 1991. GATT: A cooperative equilibrium in a noncooperative trading regime? Journal of International Economics 31: 357–69.
Ikle Fred Charles 1961. After detection—what? Foreign Affairs 39: 208–20.
Kandori Michihiro 1992. Social norms and community enforcement. Review of Economic Studies 59: 6380.
Kaufman Robert 1990. Arms control during the pre-nuclear era. New York: Columbia University Press.
Martin Lisa L. 1992. Coercive cooperation: Explaining multilateral economic sanctions.Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Mitchell Ronald 1993. Compliance theory: A synthesis. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (RECIEL) 2: 327–34.
Mitchell Ronald 1994a. Intentional oil pollution at sea: Environmental policy and treaty compliance. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Mitchell Ronald 1994b. Regime design matters: Intentional oil pollution and treaty compliance. International Organization 48: 425–58.
Mitchell Ronald 1995. Altering consequences, opportunities, information, and values: Strategies of international social control. University of Oregon. Typescript.
Murdoch James C, and Sandier Todd 1994. The voluntary provision of a pure public good: The case of reduced CFC emissions and the Montreal Protocol. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. Typescript.
Ostrom Elinor 1990. Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oye Kenneth A. 1994. Comment on John Jackson. In Managing the world economy, edited by Kenen Peter B.Washington, D.C.: Institute of International Economics.
Peterson M.J. 1993. International fisheries management. In Institutions for the earth: Sources of effective international environmental protection, edited by Haas Peter M., Keohane Robert O., and Levy Marc A.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Scholz John T. 1984. Voluntary compliance and regulatory enforcement. Law and Policy 6: 385404.
Sparrow Malcolm K. 1994. Imposing duties: Government's changing approach to compliance. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
Staiger Robert 1995. International rules and institutions for trade policy. In Handbook of International Economics, vol. 2. Edited by Grossman Gene and Rogoff Kenneth. New York: North Holland.
Sykes Alan O. 1990. Mandatory retaliation for breach of trade agreements: Some thoughts on the strategic design of Section 301. Boston University International Law Journal 8: 301–31.
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1990. Arms control and disarmament agreements. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1991. The strategic arms reduction treaty, START data base.
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1992. Constructive unilateral threats in international commercial relations: The limited case for Section 301. Law and Policy in International Business 23: 263332.
Young Oran 1989. International cooperation. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Young Oran 1994. International governance: Protecting the environment in a stateless society. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Organization
  • ISSN: 0020-8183
  • EISSN: 1531-5088
  • URL: /core/journals/international-organization
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 516 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 2337 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.