Acemoglu, Daron, and Wolitzky, Alexander. 2011. The Economics of Labor Coercion. Econometrica 79 (2):555–600.
Achvarina, Vera, and Reich, Simon F.. 2006. No Place to Hide: Refugees, Displaced Persons, and the Recruitment of Child Soldiers. International Security 31 (1):127–64.
Allen, Tim, and Vlassenroot, Koen, eds. 2010. The Lord's Resistance Army: Myth and Reality. London: Zed Books.
Andvig, Jens Christoper, and Gates, Scott. 2009. Recruiting Children for Armed Conflict. In Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States, edited by Gates, Scott and Reich, Simon, 77–92. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Annan, Jeannie, Blattman, Christopher, and Horton, Roger. 2006.
Annan, Jeannie, Blattman, Christopher, Mazurana, Dyan, and Carlson, Khristopher. 2011. Civil War, Reintegration, and Gender in Northern Uganda. Journal of Conflict Resolution 55 (6):877–908.
Arjona, Ana M., and Kalyvas, Stathis. 2006.
Beber, Bernd, and Blattman, Christopher. 2011.
Becker, Jo. 2009. Child Recruitment in Burma, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. In Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States, edited by Gates, Scott and Reich, Simon, 108–20. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Behrend, Heike. 1999. Alice Lakwena and the Holy Spirits: War in Northern Uganda 1985–97. Athens: Ohio University Press.
Blattman, Christopher. 2012. Children and War: How “Soft” Research Can Answer the Hard Questions in Political Science. Perspectives on Politics 10 (2):403–13.
Blattman, Christopher, and Annan, Jeannie. 2010. The Consequences of Child Soldiering. Review of Economics and Statistics 92 (4):882–98.
Blattman, Christopher, and Miguel, Edward. 2010. Civil War. Journal of Economic Literature 48 (1):3–57.
Boyden, Jo. 2003. The Moral Development of Child Soldiers: What Do Adults Have to Fear? Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 9 (4):343–62.
Boyden, Jo, and de Berry, Joanna, eds. 2004. Children and Youth on the Front Line: Ethnography, Armed Conflict and Displacement. New York: Berghahn Books.
Brett, Rachel, and Specht, Irma. 2004. Young Soldiers: Why They Choose to Fight. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.
Carpenter, R. Charli. 2007. Studying Issue (Non)-Adoption in Transnational Advocacy Networks. International Organization 61 (3):643–67.
Chikuhwa, Tonderai W. 2009. The Evolution of the United Nations' Protection Agenda for Children: Applying International Standards. In Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States, edited by Gates, Scott and Reich, Simon, 37–54. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Chwe, Michael Suk-Young. 1990. Why Were Workers Whipped? Pain in a Principal-Agent Model. The Economic Journal 100 (403):1109–21.
Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers. 2008. Child Soldiers Global Report 2008. London: Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers.
Cohn, Ilene, and Goodwin-Gill, Guy S.. 1994. Child Soldiers: The Role of Children in Armed Conflict. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Cunningham, David E., Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede, and Salehyan, Idean. 2009. It Takes Two: A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53 (4):570–97.
Dallaire, Roméo A. 2011. They Fight Like Soldiers, They Die Like Children: The Global Quest to Eradicate the Use of Child Soldiers. New York: Walker and Company.
Finnström, Sverker. 2008. Living with Bad Surroundings: War, History and Everyday Moments in Northern Uganda. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
Fortna, Virginia Page. 2004. Peace Time: Cease-Fire Agreements and the Durability of Peace. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Gates, Scott. 2002. Recruitment and Allegiance: The Microfoundations of Rebellion. Journal of Conflict Resolution 46 (1):111–30.
Gates, Scott, and Reich, Simon, eds. 2009. Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Gutiérrez Sanín, Francisco. 2009. Organizing Minors: The Case of Colombia. In Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States, edited by Gates, Scott and Reich, Simon, 121–42. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Harbom, Lotta, Melander, Erik, and Wallensteen, Peter. 2008. Dyadic Dimensions of Armed Conflict, 1946–2007. Journal of Peace Research 45 (5):697–710.
Honwana, Alcinda. 2006. Child Soldiers in Africa. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Humphreys, Macartan, and Weinstein, Jeremy M.. 2004.
Humphreys, Macartan, and Weinstein, Jeremy M.. 2008. Who Fights? The Determinants of Participation in Civil War. American Journal of Political Science 52 (2):436–55.
International Labor Office (ILO). 2003. Wounded Childhood: The Use of Child Soldiers in Armed Conflict in Central Africa. Washington, D.C.: ILO.
Kaldor, Mary. 1999. New and Old Wars. Organized Violence in a Global Era. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Keck, Margaret E., and Sikkink, Kathryn. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Lasley, Trace C. 2011.
Lichbach, Mark I. 1995. The Rebel's Dilemma. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Naidu, Suresh, and Yuchtman, Noam. . How Green Was My Valley? Coercive Contract Enforcement in Nineteenth-Century Industrial Britain. American Economic Review.
O'Donoghue, Ted, and Rabin, Matthew. 2000.
Omara-Otunnu, Amii. 1987. Politics and the Military in Uganda, 1890–1985. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.
Peters, Krijn, Richards, Paul, and Vlassenroot, Koen. 2003.
Pham, Phuong, Vinck, Patrick, and Stover, Eric. 2007.
Popkin, Samuel L. 1979. The Rational Peasant: The Political Economy of Rural Society in Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Powell, Robert. 2006. War as a Commitment Problem. International Organization 60 (1):169–203.
Pugel, James. 2006.
Rosen, David M. 2005. Armies of the Young: Child Soldiers in War and Terrorism. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Rosenblatt, Roger. 1984. Children of War. American Educator 8 (1):37–41.
Scott, James C. 1976. The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in South East Asia. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
Singer, Peter W. 2005. Children at War. New York: Pantheon Books.
Tynes, Robert, and Early, Bryan R.. 2011.
Walter, Barbara F. 1997. The Critical Barrier to Civil War Settlement. International Organization 51 (3):335–64.
Weinstein, Jeremy M. 2007. Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Wessells, Michael. 2006. Child Soldiers: From Violence to Protection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Wood, Elisabeth J. 2003. Insurgent Collective Action and Civil War in El Salvador. New York: Cambridge University Press.