Alesina, Alberto, and Spolaore, Enrico. 2005. The Size of Nations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso.
Anderson, Michael L. 2008. Multiple Inference and Gender Differences in the Effects of Early Intervention: A Reevaluation of the Abecedarian, Perry Preschool, and Early Training Projects. Journal of the American statistical Association 103 (484):1481–95.
Beath, Andrew, Christia, Fotini, and Enikolopov, Ruben. 2016. Winning Hearts and Minds Through Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan. Working Paper.
Bellows, John, and Miguel, Edward. 2009. War and Local Collective Action in Sierra Leone. Journal of Public Economics 93 (11):1144–57.
Besley, Timothy, and Reynal-Querol, Marta. 2014. The Legacy of Historical Conflict: Evidence from Africa. American Political Science Review 108 (2):319–36.
Bettencourt, B., Charlton, Kelly, Dorr, Nancy, and Hume, Deborah L.. 2001. Status Differences and In-Group Bias: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Effects of Status Stability, Status Legitimacy, and Group Permeability. Psychological Bulletin 127 (4):520–42.
Bhavnani, Ravi, and Miodownik, Dan. 2009. Ethnic Polarization, Ethnic Salience, and Civil War. Journal of Conict Resolution 53 (1):30–49.
Blair, Graeme, Littman, Rebecca, and Paluck, Elizabeth Levy. 2017. Motivating the Adoption of New Community-minded Behaviors: An Empirical Test in Nigeria. Working Paper.
Blattman, Christopher. 2009. From Violence to Voting: War and Political Participation in Uganda. American Political Science Review 103 (2):231–47.
Bose, Sumantra. 2009. Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brewer, Marilynn B. 1979. In-group Bias in the Minimal Intergroup Situation: A Cognitive-Motivational Analysis. Psychological Bulletin 86 (2):307–204.
Cassar, Alessandra, Grosjean, Pauline, and Whitt, Sam. 2013. Legacies of Violence: Trust and Market Development. Journal of Economic Growth 18 (3):285–318.
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Girardin, Luc, and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2009. Ethnonationalist Triads: Assessing the Influence of Kin Groups on Civil Wars. World Politics 61 (3):403–37.
Cederman, Lars-Erik, Wimmer, Andreas, and Min, Brian. 2010. Why Do Ethnic Groups Rebel? New Data and Analysis. World Politics 62 (1):87–119.
Chakrabarti, Kaustav Dhar. 2015. Sadbhavana and the Paradox of “Winning Hearts and Minds.” Economic and Political Weekly 50 (24):21–23.
Collier, Paul, and Hoeffler, Anke. 2004. Greed and Grievance in Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers 56 (4):563–95.
Crost, Benjamin, Felter, Joseph, and Johnston, Patrick. 2014. Aid under Fire: Development Projects and Civil Conflict. The American Economic Review 104 (6):1833–56.
Darden, Keith, and Grzymala-Busse, Anna. 2006. The Great Divide: Literacy, Nationalism, and the Communist Collapse. World Politics 59 (1):83–115.
Dasgupta, Aditya, Gawande, Kishore, and Kapur, Devesh. 2017. (When) Do Antipoverty Programs Reduce Violence? India's Rural Employment Guarantee and Maoist Conflict. International Organization 71 (3):1–28.
Davidson, Basil. 1992. The Black Man's Burden. Africa and the Curse of the Nation-State. New York: Three Rivers Press.
Dovidio, John F., Gaertner, Samuel L., Schnabel, N., Saguy, Tamar, and Johnson, James. 2010. Recategorization and Prosocial Behavior. In The Psychology of Prosocial Behavior: Group Processes, Intergroup Relations, and Helping, edited by Stürmer, Stefan and Snyder, Mark, 289–309. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Eifert, Benn, Miguel, Edward, and Posner, Daniel N. 2010. Political Competition and Ethnic Identification in Africa. American Journal of Political Science 54 (2):494–510.
Fearon, James D., and Laitin, David D.. 2003. Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War. American Political Science Review 97 (1):75–90.
Gaertner, Samuel L., and Dovidio, John F.. 2000. Reducing Intergroup Bias: The Common Ingroup Identity Model. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
Gellner, Ernest. 1983. Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Grossman, Guy, Manekin, Devorah, and Miodownik, Dan. 2015. The Political Legacies of Combat: Attitudes Toward War and Peace Among Israeli Ex-Combatants. International Organization 69 (4):981–1009.
Hechter, Michael. 2000. Containing Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hechter, Michael. 2013. Alien Rule. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Herbst, Jeffrey. 1990. War and the State in Africa. International Security 14 (4):117–39.
Hlavac, Marek. 2014. Stargazer: LaTeX/HTML Code and ASCII Text for Well-formatted Regression and Summary Statistics Tables. Harvard University, Cambridge, USA. R package version 5.1.
Horowitz, Donald L. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kedourie, Elie. 1993. Nationalism. Cambridge, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Kling, Jeffrey R., Liebman, Jeffrey B., and Katz, Lawrence F.. 2007. Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects. Econometrica 75 (1):83–119.
Kumar, Sanjay, Palshikar, Suhas, Sardesai, Shreyas, and Gupta, Pranav. 2015. Interpreting the Mandate in Jammu and Kashmir. Economic and Political Weekly 1 (19):66–70.
Lijphart, Arend. 1977. Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Miguel, Edward. 2004. Tribe or Nation? Nation Building and Public Goods in Kenya Versus Tanzania. World Politics 56 (3):328–62.
Mylonas, Harris. 2013. The Politics of Nation-Building: Making Co-Nationals, Refugees, and Minorities. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nabi, Peer Ghulam, and Ye, Jingzhong. 2015. Of Militarisation, Counter-insurgency and Land Grabs in Kashmir. Economic and Political Weekly 50 (46–47):58–64.
Nunn, Nathan, and Qian, Nancy. 2014. US Food Aid and Civil Conflict. The American Economic Review 104 (6):1630–66.
Nunn, Nathan, and Wantchekon, Leonard. 2011. The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa. The American Economic Review 101 (7):3221–52.
Robinson, Amanda Lea. 2014. National Versus Ethnic Identification in Africa: Modernization, Colonial Legacy, and the Origins of Territorial Nationalism. World Politics 66 (4):709–46.
Saideman, Stephen M. 2005. At the Heart of the Conflict: Irredentism and Kashmir. In The India-Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Rivalry, edited by Paul, T.V., 202–24. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Saideman, Stephen M., and Ayres, R. William. 2000. Determining the Causes of Irredentism: Logit Analyses of Minorities at Risk Data from the 1980s and 1990s. The Journal of Politics 62 (4):1126–44.
Sambanis, Nicholas, and Milanovic, Branko. 2014. Explaining Regional Autonomy Differences in Decentralized Countries. Comparative Political Studies 47 (13):1830–55.
Sambanis, Nicholas, and Shayo, Moses. 2013. Social Identification and Ethnic Conflict. American Political Science Review 107 (2):294–325.
Sambanis, Nicholas, Skaperdas, Stergios, and Wohlforth, William C.. 2015. Nation-building Through War. American Political Science Review 109 (2):279–96.
Samii, Cyrus. 2013. Perils or Promise of Ethnic Integration? Evidence from a Hard Case in Burundi. American Political Science Review 107 (3):558–73.
Schofield, Victoria. 2000. Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending war. London: I.B. Tauris.
Shayo, Moses. 2009. A Model of Social Identity with an Application to Political Economy: Nation, Class, and Redistribution. American Political Science Review 103 (2):147–74.
Shayo, Moses, and Zussman, Asaf. 2011. Judicial Ingroup Bias in the Shadow of Terrorism. Quarterly Journal of Economics 126 (3):1447–84.
Singh, Prerna. 2011. We-ness and Welfare: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Development in Kerala, India. World Development 39 (2):282–93.
Spolaore, Enrico. 2008. Civil Conflict and Secessions. Economics of Governance 9 (1):45–63.
Staerklé, Christian, Sidanius, Jim, Green, Eva G.T., and Molina, Ludwin E.. 2010. Ethnic Minority-Majority Asymmetry in National Attitudes Around the World: A Multilevel Analysis. Political Psychology 31 (4):491–519.
Staniland, Paul. 2012. Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Insurgent Fratricide, Ethnic Defection, and the Rise of Pro-State Paramilitaries. Political Psychology 56 (1):16–40.
Staniland, Paul. 2014. Networks of Rebellion: Explaining Insurgent Cohesion and Collapse. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Varshney, Ashutosh. 1991. India, Pakistan, and Kashmir: Antinomies of Nationalism. Asian Survey 31 (11):997–1019.
Voors, Maarten J., Nillesen, Eleonora E.M., Verwimp, Philip, Bulte, Erwin H., Lensink, Robert, and Van Soest, Daan P.. 2012. Violent Conflict and Behavior: A Field Experiment in Burundi. American Economic Review 102 (2):941–64.
Waters, Mary C. 1990. Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Young, Lauren E. 2017. The Psychology of Political Risk in Autocracy. Working Paper.