Aisen, P. S. (2008). Treatment for MCI – is the evidence sufficient? Neurology, 70, 2020–2021.
Belleville, S., Gilbert, B., Fontaine, F., Gagnon, L., Menard, E. and Gauthier, S. (2006). Improvement of episodic memory in persons with mild cognitive impairment and healthy older adults: evidence from a cognitive intervention program. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 22, 486–499.
Benton, A. L. and Hamsher, K. (1983). Multilingual Aphasia Examination. Iowa, USA: AJA Associate.
Bokde, A. L.et al. (2010). Altered brain activation during a verbal working memory task in subjects with amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 21, 103–118.
Borella, E., Carretti, B., and De Beni, R. (2008). Working memory, and inhibition across the adult life span. Acta Psychologica, 128, 33–44. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2007.09.008.
Borella, E., Carretti, B., Riboldi, F. and De Beni, R. (2010). Working memory training in older adults: of transfer and maintenance effects. Psychology and Aging, 25, 767–778.
Buschkuehl, M.et al. (2008). Impact of working memory training on memory performance in old-old adults. Psychology and Aging, 23, 743–753.
Carretti, B., Borella, E. and De Beni, R. (2007). Does strategic memory training improve the working memory performance of younger and older adults? Experimental Psychology, 54, 311–320.
Carretti, B., Borella, E., Zavagnin, M. and De Beni, R. (2012). Gains in language comprehension relating to working memory training in healthy elderly adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. doi: 10.1002/gps.3859.
Cattell, R. B. and Cattell, H. E. P. (1963). Measuring Intelligence with the Culture Fair Tests. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.
Chicherio, C., Ludwig, C. and Borella, E. (2012). La capacità di riserva – cerebrale e cognitiva – nell'invecchiamento normale (Cerebral and cognitive reserve capacity in normal aging). Giornale Italiano di Psicologia., 2, 315–342.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
De Beni, R., Borella, E., Carretti, B., Marigo, C. and Nava, L. A. (2008). BAC. Portfolio per la Valutazione del Benessere e Delle Abilità Cognitive Nell'età Adulta e Avanzata (The Assesment of Well-Being and Cognitive Abilities in Adulthood and Aging). Firenze, Italy: Giunti OS.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E. and McHugh, P. R. (1975). “Mini-Mental State”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
Gauthier, S.et al. (2006). Mild cognitive impairment. Lancet, 367, 1262–1270.
Hughes, C. P., Berg, L., Danziger, W. L., Coben, L. A. and Martin, R. L. (1982). A new clinical scale for the staging of dementia. The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science, 140, 566–572.
Katz, S., Downs, T. D., Cash, H. R. and Grotz, R. C. (1970). Progress in development of the index of ADL. Gerontologist, 10, 20–30.
Lawton, M. P. and Brody, E. M. (1969). Assessment of older people: self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. Gerontologist, 9, 179–186.
Li, H., Li, J., Li, N., Li, B., Wang, P. and Zhou, T. (2011) Cognitive intervention for persons with mild cognitive impairment: a meta-analysis. Ageing Research Reviews, 10, 285–296.
Missonnier, P.et al. (2007). Working memory load–related electroencephalographic parameters can differentiate progressive from stable mild cognitive impairment. Neuroscience, 150, 346–356.
Miyake, A., Friedman, N. P., Rettinger, D. A., Shah, P. and Hegarty, M. (2001). How are visuospatial working memory, executive functioning, and spatial abilities related? A latent variable analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 621–640.
Osterrieth, P. A. (1944). Le test de copie d'un figure complexe. Archives of Psychologie, 30, 206–356.
Park, D. C. and Reuter-Lorenz, P. A. (2009). The adaptive brain: aging and neurocognitive scaffolding. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 21–24.
Petersen, R. C. (2004). Mild cognitive impairment as a diagnostic entity. Journal of Internal Medicine, 256, 183–194.
Petersen, R. C., Smith, G. E., Waring, S. C., Ivnik, R. J., Tangalos, E. G. and Kokmen, E. (1999). Mild cognitive impairment: clinical characterisation and outcome. Archives of Neurology, 56, 303–308.
Petersen, R. C.et al. (2001). Current concepts in mild cognitive impairment. Archives of Neurology, 58, 1985–1992.
Piras, F., Borella, E., Incoccia, C. and Carlesimo, G. A. (2011). Evidence-based practice recommendations for memory rehabilitation. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 47, 149–175.
Portet, F.et al. (2006). Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in medical practice: a critical review of the concept and new diagnostic procedure. Report of the MCI Working Group of the European Consortium on Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 77, 714–718.
Reitan, M. R. (1958). Validity of the Trail Making test as an indicator of organic brain damage. Perceptual Motor Skills, 8, 271–276.
Richmond, L. L., Morrison, A. B., Chein, J. M. and Olson, I. R. (2011). Working memory training and transfer in older adults. Psychology and Aging, 26, 813–822. doi: 10.1037/a0023631.
Rosen, V. M., Bergeson, J. L., Putnam, K., Harwell, A. and Sunderland, T. (2002). Working memory and apolipoprotein E: what's the connection? Neuropsychologia, 40, 2226–2233.
Salthouse, T. A. and Babcock, R. L. (1991). Decomposing adult age differences in working memory. Developmental Psychology, 27, 763–776.
Saunders, N. L. J. and Summers, M. J. (2011). Longitudinal deficits to attention, executive, and working memory in subtypes of mild cognitive impairment. Neuropsychology, 25, 237–248.
Sheikh, J. L. and Yesavage, J. A. (1986). Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): Recent Evidence and Development of a Shorter Version. Clinical Gerontology: A Guide to Assessment and Intervention (pp. 165–173). New York: The Haworth Press.
Spinnler, H. and Tognoni, G. (1987). Standardizzazione e taratura italiana di test neuropsicologici. The Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 8, 47–50.
Stigsdotter-Neely, A. and Bäckman, L. (1995). Effects of multifactorial memory training in old age: generalizability across tasks and individuals. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 3, 134–140.
Verhaeghen, P., Marcoen, A. and Goossens, L. (1992). Improving memory performance in the aged through mnemonic training: a meta-analytic study. Psychology and Aging, 7, 242–251.
Zehdner, F., Martina, M., Altgassenb, M. and Clarec, L. (2009). Memory training effects in old age as markers of plasticity: a meta-analysis. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 27, 507–520.
Zincke, K., Zeintl, M., Eschen, A., Herzog, C. and Kliegel, M. (2012). Potentials and limits of plasticity induced by working memory training in old-old age. Gerontology, 58, 79–87.