This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
D. Blazer , D. C. Hughes and L. K. George (1992). Age and impaired subjective support: predictors of depressive symptoms at one-year follow-up. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 180, 172–178.
H. R. Bogner , M. B. Richie , H. F. de Vries and K. H. Morales (2009). Depression, cognition, apolipoprotein E genotype: latent class approach to identifying subtype. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 344–352.
L. G. Branch , S. Katz , K. Kniepmann and J. A. Papsidero (1984). A prospective study of functional status among community elders. American Journal of Public Health, 74, 266–268.
N. Breslau , B. A. Reboussin , J. C. Anthony and C. L. Storr (2005). The structure of posttraumatic stress disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 1343–1351.
M. L. Bruce (2001). Depression and disability in late life: Directions for future research. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 9, 102–112.
N. Carragher , G. Adamson , B. Bunting and S. McCann (2009). Subtypes of depression in a nationally representive sample. Journal of Affective Disorders, 113, 88–99.
D. S. Charney (2003). Depression and bipolar support alliance consensus statement on the unmet needs in diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders in late life. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 664–672.
G. G. Fillenbaum (1988). Multidimensional Functional Assessment of Older Adults: The Duke Older Americans Resources and Services Procedures. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
M. F. Folstein , S. E. Folstein and P. McHugh (1975). “Mini-mental state”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for clinicians. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
J. J. Gallo , P. V. Rabins , C. G. Lyketsos , A. Y. Tien and J. C. Anthony (1997). Depression without sadness: functional outcomes of nondysphoric depression in later life. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 45, 570–578.
M. Hamilton (1967). Development of a rating scale for primary depressive illness. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 6, 278–286.
J. E. Helzer , H. C. Kraemer and R. F. Krueger (2006). The feasibility and need for dimensional psychiatric diagnoses. Psychological Medicine, 36, 1671–1680.
M. Heo , C. F. Murphy , K. R. Fontaine , M. L. Bruce and G. S. Alexopoulos (2008). Population projection of US adults with lifetime experience of depressive disorder by age and sex from year 2005 to 2050. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 1266–1270.
C. F. Hybels , D. G. Blazer , C. F. Pieper , L. R. Landerman and D. C. Steffens (2009). Profiles of depressive symptoms in older adults diagnosed with major depression: latent cluster analysis. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 387–396.
D. V. Jeste (1999). Consensus statement on the upcoming crisis in geriatric mental health. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 848–853.
D. V. Jeste , D. G. Blazer and M. First (2005). Aging-related diagnostic variations: need for diagnostic criteria appropriate for elderly psychiatric patients. Biological Psychiatry, 58, 265–271.
S. Katz , T. D. Downs , H. R. Cash and R. C. Grotz (1970). Progress in development of the index of ADL. The Gerontologist, 10, 20–30.
H. C. Kraemer (2007). DSM categories and dimensions in clinical and research contexts. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatrtic Research, 16 (S1), S8–S15.
D. J. Kupfer , E. A. Kuhl and D. A. Regier (2009). Research for improving diagnostic systems: consideration of factors related to later life development. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 355–358.
R. Landerman , L. K. George , R. T. Campbell and D. G. Blazer (1989). Alternative models of the stress buffering hypothesis. American Journal of Community Psychology, 17, 625–641.
K. D. Lincoln , L. M. Chatters , R. J. Taylor and J. S. Jackson (2007). Profiles of depressive symptoms among African Americans and Caribbean Blacks. Social Science and Medicine, 65, 200–213.
J. Magidson and J. K. Vermunt (2002). Latent class models for clustering: a comparison with K-means. Canadian Journal of Marketing Research, 20, 37–44.
S. A. Montgomery and M. Åsberg (1979). A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 382–389.
D. J. Pasta and D. Suhr (2004). SUGI Paper 205–29 Creating scales from questionnaires: PROC VARCLUS vs. factor analysis. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Annual SAS Users Group International Conference. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.
J. J. Prisciandaro and J. E. Roberts (2009). A comparison of the predictive abilities of dimensional and categorical models of unipolar depression in the National Comorbidity Survey. Psychological Medicine, 39, 1087–1096.
L. S. Radloff (1977). The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401.
D. A. Regier , W. E. Narrow , E. A. Kuhl and D. J. Kupfer (2009). The conceptual development of DSM-V. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 645–650.
L. N. Robins , J. E. Helzer , J. Croughan and K. Ratcliff (1981). National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule: its history, characteristics, and validity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 381–389.
I. Rosow and N. Breslau (1966). A Guttman health scale for the aged. Journal of Gerontology, 21, 556–559.
J. R. Sneed , D. Rindskopf , D. C. Steffens , K. R. R. Krishnan and S. P. Roose (2008). The vascular depression subtype: evidence of internal validity. Biological Psychiatry, 64, 491–497.
D. C. Steffens (2007). Longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging vascular changes, apolipoprotein E genotype, and development of dementia in the Neurocognitive Outcomes of Depression in the Elderly Study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 839–849.
P. F. Sullivan , R. C. Kessler and K. S. Kendler (1998). Latent class analysis of lifetime depressive symptoms in the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1398–1406.
P. F. Sullivan , C. A. Prescott and K. S. Kendler (2002). The subtypes of major depression in a twin registry. Journal of Affective Disorders, 68, 273–284.
J. Vermunt and J. Magidson (2005a). Latent GOLD 4.0 User's Guide. Belmont, MA: Statistical Innovations, Inc.
T. D. Wade , R. D. Crosby and N. G. Martin (2006). Use of latent profile analysis to identify eating disorder phenotypes in an adult Australian twin cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 1377–1384.