Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Jog Your Mind: methodology and challenges of conducting evaluative research in partnership with community organizations

  • Nathalie Bier (a1) (a2), Agathe Lorthios-Guilledroit (a2), Kareen Nour (a3), Manon Parisien (a4), Dave Ellemberg (a5) and Sophie Laforest (a4) (a5)...
Abstract
Background:

Jog Your Mind is a community-based program aiming at empowering elderly people to maintain their cognitive abilities using a multi-strategic approach including cognitively stimulating activities, mnemonic strategies, and strategies to promote healthy behaviors. It is offered to elderly individuals without known or diagnosed cognitive impairment by volunteers or community practitioners over ten weekly sessions. This paper describes the protocol of a quasi-experimental study designed to evaluate Jog Your Mind.

Methods:

Community responsible to recruit participants were either assigned to the experimental group (participating in the Jog Your Mind program) or to the control group (one-year waiting list). All participants were interviewed at baseline (T1), after the program (T2), and 12 months after the baseline (T3). Primary outcomes were the use of everyday memory strategies and aids and subjective memory functioning in daily life. Secondary outcomes included attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to cognitive vitality and cognitive abilities (memory and executive functions). Program delivery, organizational and environmental variables were recorded to document the implementation process.

Results:

Twenty-three community organizations recruited 294 community-dwelling elderly individuals in total at T1. Between T1 and T3, an attrition rate of 15.2% was obtained.

Conclusions:

Jog Your Mind is one of the only programs targeting cognition among older adults being offered in community settings by community practitioners. The protocol described was designed with a focus on maximizing broad generalizations of the results while achieving scientific rigor. It can serve as an example to guide future research aiming to evaluate health interventions under natural conditions.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: Sophie Laforest, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Kinesiology, Université de Montréal, 2100 Édouard-Montpetit, Suite 8202, P.O. Box 6128, Station Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Phone: +514-343-5632; Fax: +514-343-2181. Email: sophie.laforest@umontreal.ca.
References
Hide All
Allison, K. R. and Rootman, I. (1996). Scientific rigor and community participation in health promotion research: are they compatible? Health Promotion International, 11, 333340.
Bonell, C. P. et al. (2011). Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public health interventions: design challenges and solutions. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65, 582587.
Clement, J. P., Nassif, R. F., Leger, J. M. and Marchand, F. (1997). Mise au point et contribution à la validation d’une version française brève de la Geriatric Depression Scale de Yesavage. Encéphale, 23, 9199.
Colcombe, S. and Kramer, A. F. (2003). Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a meta-analytic study. Psychological Science, 14, 125130.
Contandriopoulos, A. P., Champagne, F., Denis, J. F. and Avargues, M. C. (2000). L’évaluation dans le domaine de la santé: concepts et méthodes. Revue d’Épidemiologie et de Santé Publique, 48, 517530.
Coyette, F., Arno, P., Leclercq, M., Seron, X., Van der Linden, M. and Grégoire, J. (1999). Questionnaire d’auto-évaluation de l’attention (Q.A.A.): Élaboration de normes a partir d’une population de 220 sujets adultes. Geneva, Switzerland: Université de Genève. Available at: http://www.unige.ch/fapse/psychoclinique/UPNC/publications/outils.html; last accessed 7 August 2013.
Craik, F. I. M. et al. (2007). Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: effects on memory. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 13, 132142.
Daveluy, C., Audet, N., Courtemanche, R., Lapointe, F., Côté, L. and Baulne, J. (2000). Méthodes. Québec, Canada: Institut de la statistique du Québec.
Daveluy, C., Pica, L., Audet, N., Courtemanche, R., Lapointe, F. and Côté, L. (2001). Enquête sociale et de santé 1998 – Cahier technique et méthodologique: documentation générale (volume 1). Québec, Canada: Institut de la statistique du Québec.
Davis, L. L., Broome, M. E. and Cox, R. P. (2002). Maximizing retention in community-based clinical trials. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 34, 4753.
Delis, D. C., Kramer, J. H., Kaplan, E. and Ober, B. A. (1987). California Verbal Learning Test. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Delis, D. C., Kramer, J. H., Kaplan, E. and Ober, B. A. (2000). California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd edn. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment.
Dellefield, K. S. and McDougall, G. J. (1996). Increasing metamemory in older adults. Nursing Research, 45, 284290.
Des Jarlais, D. C., Lyles, C., Crepaz, N. and the TREND Group (2004). Improving the reporting quality of nonrandomized evaluations of behavioral and public health interventions: the TREND statement. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 361366.
Dixon, R. A., Hultsch, D. F. and Hertzog, C. (1988). The Metamemory in Adulthood (MIA) Questionnaire. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 24, 671688.
Fienieg, B., Nierkens, V., Tonkens, E., Plochg, T. and Stronks, K. (2012). Why play an active role? A qualitative examination of lay citizens’ main motives for participation in health promotion. Health Promotion International, 27, 416426.
Filiatrault, J. et al. (2007). Implementing a community-based falls-prevention program: from drawing board to reality. Canadian Journal on Aging, 26, 213225.
Fillit, H. M. et al. (2002). Achieving and maintaining cognitive vitality with aging. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 77, 681696.
Fort, I., Adoul, L., Holl, D., Kaddour, J. and Gana, K. (2004). Psychometric properties of the French version of the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire for adults and the elderly. Canadian Journal on Aging, 23, 347357.
Glasgow, R. E., Lichtenstein, E. and Marcus, A. C. (2003). Why don't we see more translation of health promotion research to practice? Rethinking the efficacy-to-effectiveness transition. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 12611267.
Golden, C. J. (1978). Stroop Color and Word Test: A Manual for Clinical and Experimental Uses. Chicago, IL: Skoelting Co.
Gul, R. B. and Ali, P. A. (2010). Clinical trials: the challenge of recruitment and retention of participants. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19, 227233.
Hayslip, B., Maloy, R. M. and Kohl, R. (1995). Long-term efficacy of fluid ability interventions with older adults. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 50, 141149.
Hendrie, H. C., et al. (2006). The NIH Cognitive and Emotional Health Project. Report of the Critical Evaluation Study Committee. Alzheimer's and Dementia, 2, 1232.
Hultsch, D. F., Hertzog, C. and Dixon, R. A. (1987). Age differences in metamemory: resolving the inconsistencies. Canandian Journal of Psychology, 41, 193208.
Israel, B. A., Schulz, A. J., Parker, E. A. and Becker, A. B. (1998). Review of community-based research: assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173202.
Kaplan, S. A. and Garrett, K. E. (2005). The use of logic models by community-based initiatives. Evaluation and Program Planning, 28, 167172.
Karp, A., Paillard-Borg, S., Wang, H. X., Silverstein, M., Winblad, B. and Fratiglioni, L. (2006). Mental, physical and social components in leisure activities equally contribute to decrease dementia risk. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 21, 6573.
Kazis, L. E., Anderson, J. J. and Meenan, R. F. (1989). Effect sizes for interpreting changes in health status. Medical Care, 27, S178S189.
Lezak, M. D. (1995). Neuropsychological Assessment. New York: Oxford University Press.
Martin, M., Clare, L., Altgassen, A. M., Cameron, M. H. and Zehnder, F. (2011). Cognition-based interventions for healthy older people and people with mild cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 19, CD006220.
Nasreddine, Z. S., Chertkow, H., Phillips, N., Whitehead, V., Collin, I. and Cummings, J. L. (2004). The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA): a brief cognitive screening tool for detection of mild cognitive impairment. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 695699.
Nour, K. et al. (2010). Développer un programme communautaire de promotion de la vitalité cognitive chez les aînés. Avantages et défis d’une synergie recherche-pratique. Presented at the 39th Annual Scientific and Educative Meeting of the Canadian Association of Gerontology, Montreal, Canada.
Parisi, J. M., Greene, J. C., Morrow, D. G. and Stine-Morrow, E. A. L. (2007). Senior odyssey: participant experiences of a program of social and intellectual engagement. Activities, Adaptation and Aging, 31, 3149.
Parisien, M., Gilbert, N., Amzallag, M., Guay, D., Nour, K. and Laforest, S. (2013a). Jog Your Mind! A Program of Cognitive Vitality for Seniors. Côte-St-Luc, QC: CSSS Cavendish.
Parisien, M., Gilbert, N., Amzallag, M., Guay, D., Nour, K. and Laforest, S. (2013b). Musclez vos méninges. Atelier de vitalité intellectuelle pour aînés. Côte-St-Luc, QC: CSSS Cavendish.
Popov, P. et al. (2010). Jog Your Mind: a community program for intellecutal vitality. Pluriâges, 1, 1011.
Rebok, G. W., Carlson, M. C. and Langbaurn, J. B. S. (2007). Training and maintaining memory abilities in healthy older adults: traditional and novel approaches. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 62, 5361.
Robitaille, Y. et al. (2005). Moving forward in fall prevention: an intervention to improve balance among older adults in real-world settings. American Journal of Public Health, 95, 20492056.
Rothman, K. J. (1990). No adjustments are needed for multiple comparisons. Epidemiology, 1, 4346.
Santé Québec (1998). Questionnaire sur les habitudes de vie et de la santé 1998 (ESS98/QAA.1 Janvier 1998). Montreal, Canada: Santé Québec and Groupe Léger & Léger Inc. Available at: http://www.bdso.gouv.qc.ca/docs-ken/multimedia/Enq98_QAA.pdf, last accessed 7 August 2013.
Schinka, J. A., McBride, A., Vanderploeg, R. D., Tennyson, K., Borenstein, A. R. and Mortimer, J. A. (2005). Florida cognitive activities scale: initial development and validation. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 11, 108116.
Small, G. W. et al. (2006). Effects of a 14-day healthy longevity lifestyle program on cognition and brain function. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 538545.
Statistique Canada (2005). Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes 2005. Ottawa, Canada: Statistique Canada. Available at: http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/instrument/3226_Q1_V3-fra.pdf, last accessed 7 August 2013.
Stewart, A. L., Mills, K. M., King, A. C., Haskell, W. L., Gillis, D. and Ritter, P. L. (2001). CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire for older adults: outcomes for interventions. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33, 11261141.
Straw, R. B. and Herrell, J. M. (2002). A framework for understanding and improving multisite evaluations. New directions for evaluation, 94, 515.
Stroop, J. R. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, 643662.
Tardif, S. and Simard, M. (2011). Cognitive stimulation programs in healthy elderly: a review. International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 2011, 378934.
Troyer, A. K. (2001). Improving memory knowledge, satisfaction, and functioning via an education and intervention program for older adults. Aging Neuropsychology and Cognition, 8, 256268.
Troyer, A. K. and Rich, J. B. (2002). Psychometric properties of a new metamemory questionnaire for older adults. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 57, 1927.
Vannier, M. and Lemyse, C. (1994). Le Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (version française). Montreal, QC: Centre de recherche Institut de réadaptation de Montréal.
Willis, S. L. et al. (2006). Long-term effects of cognitive training on everyday functional outcomes in older adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 296, 28052814.
Wilson, B., Cockburn, J. and A., B. (1994). Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test. Bury St Edminds, England: Thames Valley Test Company.
Winocur, G. et al. (2007). Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: an evaluation of psychosocial factors. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 13, 153165.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Psychogeriatrics
  • ISSN: 1041-6102
  • EISSN: 1741-203X
  • URL: /core/journals/international-psychogeriatrics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Bier Supplementary Material
Supplementary Material

 Word (82 KB)
82 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed