Ball K. et al. (2002). Effects of cognitive training interventions with older adults: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA, 288, 2271–2281.
Cabeza R. and Nyberg L. (2000). Imaging cognition II: an empirical review of 275 PET and MRI studies. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 1–47.
D'Agostino R. B. (1998). Propensity score methods for bias reduction in the comparison of a treatment to a non-randomized control group. Statistics in Medicine, 17, 2265–2281.
Diehr P., Patrick D. L., Spertus J., Kiefe C. I., McDonell M. and Fihn S. D. (2001). Transforming self-rated health and the SF-36 scales to include death and improve interpretability. Medical Care, 39, 670–680.
Ferraro K. F. and Kelley-Moore J. A. (2001). Self-rated health and mortality among black and white adults: examining the dynamic evaluation thesis. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 56B, S195–S205.
Folstein M. R, Folstein S. and McHugh P. R. (1975). “Mini-mental state”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
Hanley J. A. and McNeil B. J. (1982). The meaning and use of the area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Radiology, 143, 29–36.
Hosmer D. W. and Lemeshow S. (1989). Applied Logistic Regression. New York: Wiley.
Idler E. L. and Benyamini Y. (1997). Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studies. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 38, 21–37.
Idler E. L. and Kasl S. V. (1995). Self-ratings of health: do they predict change in functional ability? Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 50, S344–S353.
Jobe J. B. et al. (2001). ACTIVE: a cognitive intervention trial to promote independence in older adults. Controlled Clinical Trials, 22, 453–479.
Kessler R. C. and Greenberg D. F. (1981). Linear Panel Analysis: Models of Quantitative Change. New York: Academic Press.
Maddox G. L. (1962). Some correlates of differences in self-assessment of health status among the elderly. Journal of Gerontology, 17, 180–185.
Maddox G. L. and Douglass E. B. (1973). Self-assessment of health: a longitudinal study of elderly subjects. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 14, 87–93.
Morris J. and Morris S. (1997). ADL assessment for use with frail elders. Journal of Mental Health and Aging, 3, 19–45.
Morris J. N. et al. (1997). Comprehensive clinical assessment in community setting: applicability of the MDS-HC. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 45, 1017–1024.
Nunnally J. C. (1967). Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw Hill.
Salthouse T. A. (1996). The processing-speed theory of adult age differences in cognition. Psychological Review, 103, 403–428.
Salthouse T. A. (2009). When does age-related cognitive decline begin? Neurobiology and Aging, 30, 507–514.
Ware J. R. Jr., Snow K. S., Kosinski M. and Gandek B. (1993). The SF-36 Health Survey Manual and Interpretation Guide. Boston: The Health Institute, New England Medical Center.
Willis S. L. et al. (2006). Long-term effects of cognitive training on everyday functional outcomes in older adults. JAMA, 296, 2805–2814.
Wolinsky F. D. et al. (2006a). The effects of the ACTIVE cognitive training interventions on clinically relevant declines in health-related quality of life. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 61, S281–S287.
Wolinsky F. D. et al. (2006b). The ACTIVE cognitive training trial and health-related quality of life: protection that lasts for five years. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 61, 1324–1329.
Wolinsky F. D. et al. (2009a). The effect of speed of processing training on depressive symptoms in ACTIVE. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 64, 468–472.
Wolinsky F. D. et al. (2009b). The ACTIVE cognitive training trial and predicted medical expenditures. BMC Health Services Research, 9, 109.
Wolinsky F. D. et al. (2009c). The ACTIVE cognitive training interventions and the onset of clinically relevant depressive symptoms. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64B, 577–585.
Wolinsky F. D. et al. (2009d). Does cognitive training improve internal locus of control among older adults? Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64B, in press.