2 His most famous novels are A Grain of Wheat (1967) and Petals of Blood (1977). He fell into disgrace with the Kenyatta regime after writing the critical play Ngaahika Ndeenda (1977). He was detained without trial and his books were forbidden. After his release he taught at various universities in the US.
3 Daniel Arap Moi ruled as president between 1978 and 2002. For a history of post-independence Kenya, see Branch, Daniel, Kenya between Hope and Despair, 1963-2011 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011).
4Kitching, G., “Politics, Method and Evidence in the Kenya Debate,” in Bernstein, H. and Campbell, B., eds., Contradictions of Accumulation in Africa: Studies in Economy and State (Berkeley: Sage, 1985).
5Cooper, Frederick, From Slaves to Squatters: Plantation Labor and Agriculture in Zanzibar and Coastal Kenya, 1890-1925 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980); Plantation Slavery on the East Coast of Africa (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977).
6Cooper, Frederick, On the African Waterfront: Urban Disorder and the Transformation of Work in Colonial Mombasa (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987).
7Cooper, Frederick, Decolonization and African Society: The Labor Question in French and British Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996). Also in French translation.
8 Mamadou Diouf is now Leitner Professor of African Studies at Columbia University.
9 Mohammed Mbodj formerly taught at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar and is now at Manhattanville College in New York.
10 Babacar Fall teaches at the Ecole Normale Supérieure, part of the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar.
11Genovese, Eugene, The Political Economy of Slavery: Studies in the Economy and the Society of the Slave South (Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1965).
12Woodward, C. Vann, The Origins of the New South, 1877-1913 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971).
13Davies, Sam, Davis, Colin J., van Voss, Lex Heerma, Hesselink, Lidewij, de Vries, David, and Weinhauer, Klaus, eds., Dock Workers: International Explorations in Comparative Labour History, 1790-1970. 2 vols. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2000).
14 For two interventions into the relationship of capitalism and Africa, done at two different career stages, see “Africa and the World Economy,” African Studies Review24:2/3 (1981): 1–86, and Africa in the World: Capitalism, Empire, Nation-State (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014), chapter 1.
15Stoler, Ann L., Capitalism and Confrontation in Sumatra's Plantation Belt, 1870-1979 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985).
16 See American Ethnologist16:4 (1989). Contributors were, apart from Ann Stoler and Frederick Cooper, Partha Chatterjee, John L. Comaroff, Randall M. Packard, Michel-Rolph Troillot, and Scot Atran.
17Cooper, Frederick and Stoler, Ann, Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).
18Burbank, Jane and Cooper, Frederick, Empires in World History, Power and the Politics of Difference (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010).
19Senghor, Léopold Sédar, Négritude et Humanisme (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1964). Senghor (1906-2001) was a Senegalese poet, philosopher, writer, and president (1960-80).
20Genovese, Eugene, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (New York: Pantheon Books, 1974).
21Davis, David Brion, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1966); The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975).
22da Costa, Emilia Viotti, The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985).
23 Such a tendency can be called “the conformism of the avant-garde.” See Cooper, Frederick, Colonialism in Question: Theory, Knowledge, History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005). Also in French translation.
24Cooper, Frederick, Citizenship between Empire and Nation: Remaking France and French Africa, 1945-1960 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014; also in French translation), and Africa in the World (see above, note 14).
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